Helicopters of Russia and the World. Military and civil helicopters.
American Sportscopter- United States
Airbus SAS- France
Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation- China
You can see the characteristics of video and photo materials of this section, learn about various models of helicopters, about opportunities and events with which they are associated. Do you recognize that the helicopter is not a simple means of transportation, with a complex technical base, which serves many people.
Subjects under miscellaneous. It provides information not only about the civilian models, but also military helicopters, their places of application of the equipment, capabilities and internal reserves.
Articles about this aerial vehicles are equipped with good photos, videos and even detailed drawings. Therefore, for the material on our website may apply not only to educational purposes, but also in education, for example, the students of flying schools and universities. So section. So the partition (Russian helicopters, Mira,andhostilities, civil helicopters) Is presented in this article.
Other older models and helicopters:
Dynali - Belgium
Thousands of helicopters - from small, weighing several dozen kilograms to multi-ton giants - regularly travel through the ocean air. Helicopter, unlike the plane does not need airfields as able to take off, sit upright, horizontally movable at different velocities and hang in the air space on one place. Such properties make it valuable helicopter, and in some cases and is not replaceable machine.
Helicopters carrying passengers and cargo in the remote villages, which are located in the woods or mountains, found in the sea shoals of fish, helping in the fight against forest fires and floods. With their help lead a successful pest control fields produce gravity and geophysical surveying, check high-voltage power line on the condition and others. In recent years their systematic use as a crane on the construction site, when laying pipes and so on. Helicopters - an important component of the Air Force in many countries. Scientists around the world is the creation of a scientific theory of helicopters, without which it would be impossible to achieve such success in the modern helicopter.
Traditionally, the entire helicopter market is divided into two parts, civilian and military. Citizens, in turn, contains helicopters government agencies and commercial companies that provide emergency assistance and public safety. The rapidly developing areas of the civil sector are transport helicopters to the luxury saloon class flights for VIPs and helicopters to service offshore oil platforms.
Civic range is far superior to the military market. However, in real terms of money, according to experts, military helicopters account for more 70 percent of the contract value of the supply. The main reason for this - the widespread aging military helicopters past generations. Many countries need to come to the cyclical global fleet renewal of their helicopters.
Despite the crisis, our helicopter industry is still growing, albeit not as fast as we would like, but, more importantly, there is a tendency of progressive movement. Sales of helicopters in the famous corporations in our country is constantly increasing. Successfully continued the introduction and implementation of many programs for the sale of new and modernization of existing air technology. For effective development of the industry in the future requires a constant build-up of orders in the state support.
Many companies have a huge potential for development, as the national helicopter is one of the leading in the world. Many scientific and constructive solutions of Russian and Soviet constructs still use abroad. Our Mi-8, Mi-12 can be found in any camp. They are incredibly popular now than a decade.
Of course, not everyone has been realized. We are facing serious challenges to reform the industry, which should result in financial and operational performance. It is important that the Russian aircraft operators art to buy the helicopter that he needed. We need to expand our presence in the global helicopter market. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to overcome the technical gap from the world's leading aviakorporatsy, primarily in terms of equipping the industry with modern equipment.
Reconstruction of the Russian helicopter industry is a long-simmering problem to be addressed. Follow-up to a modern market economy while maintaining the structure of the planning system is much more complicated, but still noticeable explicit improvements.
Helicopters operated in more than 190 countries. As already mentioned, it is used both for military and civilian purposes.
The current situation in the helicopter industry based on production and demand, which provide customers-operators. On the world market formed helicopters Three major classes of air vehicles:
- 1) heavy - more 15 tons;
- 2) medium - 5-15 tons;
- 3) light - up to 5 tons.
But often for the classification of the world fleet is used more detailed breakdown, and taken into account and transitional model.
In recent years there has been rapid growth in the production and sale of helicopters. Over the past five years in the global market has sold more than 8 thousand. Helicopters worth about 40 billion.
At the stage of the creation and formation of helicopter can be characterized by the following features: Stages and regional in its development. As is well known, widely used helicopters received only 20 century. It should be noted 3 stage in development: formation, permanent Soviet-American competition and a modern Euro-American stage.
As a result, today there are 4 region's development and production of helicopters: the European, the US, Russia and countries of the former Soviet Union, India and China.