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The helicopter HAL Dhruv. Specifications. A photo.
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The helicopter HAL Dhruv. Specifications. A photo.

The helicopter HAL Dhruv. Specifications. A photo.

 

HAL Dhruv - Indian multi-purpose helicopter, developed by aircraft manufacturer «Hindustan Aeronautics Limited» in 1992 year.

 

HAL Dhruv photo

 

Development of the multipurpose helicopter HAL Dhruv began to be carried out by aircraft builders from the Indian company "Hindustan Aeronautics Limited" in 1984 year. Initially, the designers spent a very long time preparing the project, trying to create a quality inexpensive and modern design that allows the helicopter to be used both in the civil aviation sphere, for which it was originally planned, and in the military sphere. Due to the qualitative approach, the helicopter acquired a good aerodynamic component of its form, which is why it proved to be very maneuverable and at the same time very high-speed, which provides the aircraft of this class with all the required flight performance indicators.

The first flight model helicopter HAL Dhruv took place in 1992 year, and despite the fact that all the technical tests, flight and aircraft have been carried out successfully, and the helicopter went into production, the helicopter was actually introduced to the general public only in the year 2002.

 

A photoHAL Dhruv

 

Initially, the helicopter HAL Dhruv was very much interested in the military command of the Armed Forces of India, which ordered the development of four military versions of this aircraft from the aircraft manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. In fact, on military use, the helicopter HAL Dhruv can be used to perform a variety of tasks, including reconnaissance, electronic warfare, as well as transporting people and cargo. In addition, the helicopter HAL Dhruv can also be positioned as an independent combat unit, in particular, the armament of a similar version of the aircraft consists of:

  • 8 antitank guided missiles;
  • Kit rockets;
  • Kit missiles to combat air targets;
  • 2 antisubmarine torpedoes;
  • Kit anti-ship missiles;
  • Deep-set charges.

 

On board his helicopter HAL Dhruv, depending on the modification, can carry up to 16 people, including two crew members and passengers 14 (soldiers). If necessary, the aircraft can also carry and transport on its board of various goods, which is the only condition for the observance of dimensions and exceeding of the established technical regulations the maximum take-off weight.

The power plant helicopter HAL Dhruv consists of two gas-turbine aircraft engines brands Turbomeca TM 333-2B2, each of which may develop under its own power in 1000 hp, however, can be applied and aircraft engines the Shakti brand, developing the total traction in 2800 hp Depending on the use of aircraft engines, the helicopter can reach speeds of up to 290 km \ h., At the same time, the maximum distance at which the aircraft can perform flights is 830 kilometers (ferry range).

 

HelicopterHAL Dhruv

 

Production of the Indian multi-purpose helicopter HAL Dhruv produced in the following versions:

  • HAL Dhruv Mk.1 - Basic military production version of the helicopter;
  • HAL Dhruv Mk.2 - Improved analogue version of HAL Dhruv Mk.2;
  • HAL Dhruv Mk.3 - Modification of aircraft engines equipped brand Shakti, used to conduct electronic warfare;
  • HAL Dhruv Mk.4 - Combat version of the aircraft;
  • HAL Dhruv C - Civil 12-seater helicopter;
  • Hal Dhruv CFW - Improved analogue version of HAL Dhruv C;
  • HAL Dhruv CS - Improved analogue version of HAL Dhruv C;
  • HAL Garuda Vasudha - A special variant of the civilian helicopter.

 

Specifications HAL Dhruv.

 

  • Crew: 2 people (depending on version);
  • Capacity: 14 people (depending on version);
  • helicopter length: 15,87 m (depending on version).
  • The height of the helicopter: 4,98 m (depending on version).
  • The diameter of the rotor: 13,2 m (depending on version).
  • Weight of empty helicopter: 2500 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 5500 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Cruising speed: 260 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight speed: 290 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight distance: 830 km. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight height: 6100 m .;
  • Powerplant: 2 x Turbomeca TM 333-2B2 (depending on version);
  • Power: 2 x 1000 hp (Depending on version).

 

 

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