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The helicopter IAR 316. Specifications. A photo.
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The helicopter IAR 316. Specifications. A photo.

The helicopter IAR 316. Specifications. A photo.

 

IAR 316 - Romanian military multipurpose helicopter designed in 1971, the aircraft manufacturer «Industria Aeronautica Romana».

 

A photoIAR 316

 

The project is a multi-purpose helicopter IAR 316 model became established Romanian aircraft manufacturers on the basis of the French helicopter Aerospatiale SA 316B Alouette II, Thus, the actual external changes has not undergone a helicopter, however, in the flight-technical point of view, this model proved to be more effective, in connection with which won high popularity.

Thanks to some design improvements aircraft model IAR 316, the helicopter has become more agile and more functionally effective in its application.

The helicopter the IAR 316 began to develop at the end of 60-ies of the last century, and in 1971, the aircraft made its first flight, which was very successful, and therefore, almost immediately after all the required tests, the project has been started in a batch production, where he was up to 1987 years.

 

IAR 316 photo

 

The main operator of helicopters IAR 316 models have become Romanian Air Force, where this model is used for patrol and observation flights, as well as a means for training future pilots. In addition, the helicopter IAR 316 established himself also as a combat aircraft, capable to struggle with small clusters of enemy personnel, as well as armored vehicles. Armed with a helicopter IAR 316 are:

  • Caliber machine gun 7,62 mm .;
  • Includes guided anti-tank missiles.

In addition to the performance of combat missions, the helicopter IAR 316 can also be used for transport on its board a small number of people, or else for the transportation of goods.

 

HelicopterIAR 316

 

The aircraft cabin can accommodate up to 7 people, including two crew members, as well as five equipped servicemen. The presence in the aircraft of the dual control allows using the aircraft as a training tool, which was actively used up to the middle of the 80-ies of the last century. In addition to other helicopter IAR 316 can transport on its board and a small amount of cargo, the only condition of which is compliance with the dimensions and the maximum take-off mass of the aircraft component of 2200 kilogram.

The power plant helicopter 316 the IAR includes a gas turbine aircraft engine brand Turbomeca Artouste IIIB, having thrust in 570 hp, which in turn allows the helicopter driven for flights on distances in 540 kilometers at a cruising flight speed in 180 km \ h.

In addition to the basic version of the helicopter, the Romanian aircraft manufacturers also produced and option IAR 317, which differs from the basic variant of a number of technical improvements, including the use of a power plant.

 

Specifications IAR 316.

 

  • Crew: 2 person;
  • Capacity: 5 people;
  • helicopter length: 12,82 m .;
  • The height of the helicopter: 2,97 m .;
  • The diameter of the rotor: 11,02 m (depending on version).
  • Weight of empty helicopter: 1050 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 2200 kg .;
  • Cruising speed: 180 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight speed: 210 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight distance: 540 km .;
  • Maximum flight height: 3200 m .;
  • Powerplant: Turbomeca Artouste IIIB (depending on version);
  • Power: 570 hp (Depending on version).

 

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