Ka-25. A photo. History. Characteristics.
Ka-25, which is the codification of NATO called "hormone" - anti-Soviet helicopter ship accommodation.
This is the first in the history of Soviet helicopter anti-submarine helicopter and the first combat helicopter unit. In the beginning it was supposed to be designed exclusively for military use (land impact Mi-24 appeared later in the year 1969).
Is designed in Ka-25 OKB. Kamov, Chief designer was the founder Nikolai Kamov bureau. Production started in the vehicle 1965 year adopted Ka-25 1971 was put in
Later on its base it was released a number of modifications for various applications.
Ka-25 was organized at the aircraft factory number 99, where from at 1965 1973 460 year released copies 18 modifications.
Ka-25 is a helicopter with coaxial rotor placement. Two engines are a part of the power plant. The vertical tail of the helicopter is well developed.
The fuselage of the model is made of duralumin alloy thickness 0,8 mm. Conventionally, it can be divided into two functional parts. In front of the longitudinal force is set, which consists of four power beams and two side members. To cross the use of force are set 18 frames (seven of them - power). The tail boom is composed of eight frames and two spars. In the frames attached 18 stringers. Sheathing the tail boom is 3 mm. Windows cabins made of Plexiglas (thickness - 3 mm) and equipped with wipers. The helicopter is also installed anti-icing system, principle of which is the use of alcohol-based solutions on a surface that can be covered with ice.
The structure of the power plant Ka-25 includes two gas turbine engine GTD-3F producing total power 900 hp, which was done on Omsk Engine Design Bureau. Later it turned out that the power of these engines is not enough to perform some missions. Since 1972 years, the helicopter began to equip engines GTD-3m (1000 hp). Positioning data engines with oil and hydraulic systems, gear, other elements of the power plant at the top of the fuselage area in a rented nacelle.
The equipment fuel system Ka-25 8 refers soft fuel tanks, which are located at the bottom of the fuselage, under the floor of the cab; fuel pumps for various purposes. To add fuel to the tank 200 l to increase the range of flight is possible due to two removable additional tanks, which are mounted on both sides of the fuselage. Modification Ka-25TS has an increased fuel capacity due to the smaller size of the bomb bay. The tanks ASW Ka-modification 25PL placed 1105 kg of kerosene, and Ka-25TS - 1705 kg.
Transmission four-stage planetary gear is represented PB -3F located with motors in the gondola top of the fuselage. Purpose gear is the selection of the power turbine shaft and in addition to the sum.
Carrying system Ka-25 - the two three-blade propeller, each of which has a diameter blades 15,74 m coaxial placement of screws: upper screw rotates clockwise, and the bottom - against.. the blade length - 7,085 m chord -. 0,37 m Each blade consists of a hollow duralumin spar, at the trailing edge of which is attached the profile of 19 tail sections. The front edge of the blade glued rubber.
The structure of the support system includes hardware components icing complex signaling installation of air, which is triggered in case of cracks in the blade elements, balance and protivoflatternye loads. Outlined lights are on the upper ends of the propeller blades. Adjusting the blade angle of inclination at the expense of the lower and upper swash. Save space in the hangars and on the deck by adding blades can be angled 22 ° in the horizontal position manually or by applying an electric blade folding system.
Countering icing of blades is carried out by the anti-icing system. Air intakes blown engines warm air.
In the modification of the Ka-25TS deviation in the plane of rotation of the rudders, control location rotor blades and landing gear hydraulic system responds. Its membership consists of two independent systems: the basic APC 10B and emergency TSA 10-In. They are mounted in a single unit that combines all the installations and units into one.
helicopter chassis is not removed during the flight (except for Ka-25TS). Swiveling front wheels, the main support end brake wheels. Track front and rear wheels is 3,5 1,41 m and m respectively. The base chassis is 3,02 m width and wheel diameter -. X 60 18 cm x 40 15 cm, respectively.
The main terms of reference during the development of the Ka-25 was the implementation of the landing on the deck of the ship at the time of the side and keeled kachek 10 and 3 ° ° and the wind speed 18 m / s.
To ensure a safe landing in such conditions, it was necessary to smash the main landing gear to the side and move back in order to eliminate the possibility of overturning the helicopter's tail.
During the movement of swinging can occur at the site of the marine vessel. For its leveling the helicopter is made fixing the basic pillars to the fuselage by moving farms. This creates a mobility of the chassis in the horizontal direction.
The vertical oscillation during landing on the ship's platform that can reach 2 m / s, are extinguished by the main spring strut supports. They are a series connection of two dampers: low and high pressure. The vibrations that arise from hitting the deck, takes on the high-pressure shock absorber. The second is responsible for the absorption of class "ground resonance" landing and take-off fluctuations.
To carry out a safe landing on the water helps mounted in rack chassis multistage ballonets, which are filled with compressed air cylinders from six seconds. The peculiarity of such filling is that the air that passes through the ejectors, draws air outboard. The proportion of air to the outboard ballonets of 60%. The system is automated and does not depend on the engine speed. However, despite this, it weighs 260 kg, significantly increasing drag. Because of the large and weighty low efficiency in the execution of a hard landing it decided to dismantle from the construction in 70-ies.
The structure of the electrical part of the generator of alternating current GHS-40U (40 kW), which generates a current voltage 208 B. Emergency envisages involvement of the converter PT1000TSS (1000 W) with voltage output 36 V. This device operates at a clock frequency 400 Hz. Constant current power supply comes from a pair of starter-generators STG-M 6, 28,5 outputs a voltage V and a pair of batteries 15-EDN-45A.
|Diameter of the main rotor, m||15.74|
|Weight, empty kg||4765|
|Weight, kg normal take-off||7200|
|Weight, kg maximum take-off||7500|
|engine's type||2 Mars GTD GTD-3F (GTD-3BM)|
|power, kWt||X 2 671 (738)|
|Maximum speed km / h||220|
|Cruising speed, km / h||195|
|Practical range, km||650|
|Practical ceiling, m||4000|
|Static ceiling, m||600|
|Crew||2 pilot + 2-3 operator|
|Payload:||before passengers or 12 1300 kg of cargo|
|Armament:||The combat load - 2000 kg in the compartment of armament maximum, normal - 650 kg.|
|Typical load - 2 antisubmarine torpedoes and / or depth charges|
Ka-25. A photo. History. Characteristics.
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation