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Aérospatiale Alouette II
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Aérospatiale Alouette II. A photo. Characteristics. History.

Aérospatiale Alouette II

 

France and India

A type: General purpose light helicopter

Capacity: The pilot and two passengers

ALouette II (who had then the designation SE 3130), based at the helicopter SE 3120 of "Sud-East» (Sud-Est), has been completely redesigned for the installation of more powerful turboshaft engine "Artist» I on the site of a star-shaped piston engine "Salmson" ( Salmson) 9NH, is installed on the original helicopter. The first takeoff in March 1955 years, the helicopter was certified in France, only a year and was immediately put into production. Designation of the helicopter changed on SE 313V SNCASE after the merger with the company "Sud-Aviacion» (Sud Aviation), followed by absorption of the company "Aerospatiale» (Aerospatiale) in 1970 year.

Equipping the helicopter with a new engine in 1961 led to the creation of an excellent SA 318S helicopter with the Astrazu NA powerplant. This modification was made in a large series and resulted in the release of 1303 copies. The last modification, which got into production, was an SA315V "Lama" helicopter, optimized for high altitude flights and flights at high ambient air temperature, built especially for the Indian army and uniting the Aluette II helicopter glider, as well as a larger power plant and mobile Units from helicopter "Aluette" III. Prior to 1989, Aerospatial had built 407 copies. At the same time, the Indian manufacturer - HAL company and today continues licensed production of this helicopter at a slow pace.

Indian helicopters known as "Cheetah» (Cheetah).More 50 countries use a helicopter "Alouette» II military service, and the German army is the largest operating organization with helicopters SA 226 315 54V and helicopters SA 318S. Many helicopters and today still remain in the service of military aircraft around the globe. Besides the "Alouette» II, built specifically for civil operating organizations and individuals over the past ten years in the civil registers in Europe were vacated from military service, and particularly German, French helicopters.

Aérospatiale Alouette II - French multipurpose helicopter. Designed and manufactured by enterprises of Sud Aviation, later - Aérospatiale, mass production - 1956-1975. It produced more than 1300 helicopters. Alouette II - the world's first serial helicopter gas turbine engine. I applied, as in the armed forces (as a messenger, intelligence, antitank, training), and the Civil Aviation Authority to resolve the problems of a more general purpose.

 

Aérospatiale Alouette II. Photo.

Aérospatiale Alouette II. Photo.

 

The helicopter was carried out in the framework of the state contract. Company SNCASE contest X.310G unveiled a prototype with a power gas turbine - engine Turboméca Artouste. The first flight of the new helicopter, designated SE 3130, was made 12.03.195; decision to start serial production of the helicopter.

 

Aérospatiale Alouette II. photo booths.

Aérospatiale Alouette II. photo booths.

 

The first production copies were built for the French customers (civilian and military). Helicopter also produced under license in Sweden, Brazil, the USA and India.

The helicopter tail rotor with the classical scheme. A three-bladed rotor. Truss tail boom. Turboshaft engine. Skid chassis.

 

Aérospatiale Alouette II. photo booths.

Aérospatiale Alouette II. photo booths.

 

Helicopter used in 80 countries, including in 47 - military departments.

 

Features helicopter Aérospatiale Alouette II:

 

  • Crew: 1

  • The greatest number of passengers: 4

  • Length: 9,66m

  • The diameter of the main rotor: 10,20m

  • Height: 2,75m

  • The area swept the main rotor: 81,7kv.m.

  • Empty weight: 895kg

  • The highest take-off weight: 1600kg

  • Powerplant: 1 × GTE TurbomécaArtousteIIC6

  • Power: 530l.s., Derated to 460l.s.

  • Maximum speed: 185km / h

  • The speed at FL: 170km / h

  • Range: 565km

  • Ceiling: 2300m

 

 

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