Mi-24. A photo. Characteristics. History.
In 1968 year Mil Design Bureau received the installation of the Communist Party on the establishment of a better quality of the helicopter, which became the Mi-24. A year has already been made 2 prototype. The basis of the new helicopter all the advantages of previous models were taken.
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The history of the helicopter Mi-24
The first copy had a cabin, which was two places, it was equipped with dual controls. For a normal flight crew should consist of a pilot and the operator, and in the further development of the crew has been added yet mechanic. As for the cargo compartment, the first model it was designed only 8 people. The helicopter was equipped with two doors on the sides of the cargo compartment. The windows pivot systems were installed that allow paratroopers to fire personal weapons while flying.
The first prototypes of this model helicopters had little armor, it was mainly represented by the armored windshield and armored bonnet. It is for these reasons that the pilots first Mi-24 fitted with bullet-proof vests and armored helmets.
At the time of development of the helicopter system was not yet ready, "Storm", so the first units were installed weapons system with the Mi-4, which had a manual control system. Factory tests of Mi-24 1969 began in September of the year, and were manufactured just ten helicopters. Already at the end of the year 1970 prototypes were modified for resistance, and extended cab. In this form the first machines Mi-24 were delivered to the troops. This helicopter model is manufactured in Arsenyev, it has been collected about 250 helicopters. These machines are supplied to the troops, they were used mainly paratroopers.
Mi-24 got a new gun, which produces 4500 rounds per minute. new missile system was established under the name "Falanga-P." Final lapping machine was stopped for the introduction of fundamentally new qualitative changes. Firstly, the cockpit has been changed. She was now a tandem. To improve the flight characteristics and control was used with the tail rotor of the helicopter Mi-14. The tail rotor was pushing, and replaced it on the drawing. On full completion of the Mi-24 it took about eight years. Only with Mi-1976 years 24 began to enter the armed forces, but rather mass.
The design of the Mi-24
Mi-24 made in the classical scheme for single-rotor machine. It is equipped with a main propeller which has five blades and the tail rotor, which consists of three blades. The blades are made of aluminum alloy. They are equipped with a system that notifies the cracks and faults in the blades. Main helicopter rotor is tilted forward almost 5%, but other than that, it is still tilted to the right side almost 3%. This is done to improve helicopter stability in straight flight.
The big feature of this helicopter are the wings, which have an area of 6,75 m² and a negative structure of the V-12. This design gives the wing lift in 22-28 percent. helicopter chassis consists of three pillars, which are cleaned and the front support can be controlled in ground conditions.
The crew cabin is located in the nose of the car, and it is tandem. The operator is in the front, in the bow cabin. Behind him a little higher (for a better view when flying) is the cockpit and flight engineer is placed in a compartment of the equipment, which is reinforced folding chair. Crew Cabs are fully sealed and have ventilation and heating system. Moreover cabin climate is slightly higher pressure than the outside of the helicopter. This is to ensure that on board the helicopter could not get dust or contaminated air. The cockpit and parts of the fuselage equipped with armored plates. From armor also made windshields crew and back seats.
The power plant of the machine is represented by two engines TVZ model, they are connected to one power plant with the help of the gear. Two engines provide the power of 4,4 thousand horsepower. engine model data further allow the installation of the air intakes, as well as devices that shield the exhaust.
Fuel is supplied by four tanks with a total capacity in liters 2130. Possible to install additional tanks in the middle of the helicopter and on the pylons of wings.
Transmission is exactly the same as installed on the helicopter Mi-8. Transmission and engine are armored protection from enemy shells. hydraulic work is aimed at ensuring control helicopter. But there is a support system, which is responsible for the landing gear and cleaning.
The helicopter of this model exists and air system, whose task is to provide air-conditioning the cabin of the helicopter, and support the work of the brake system on wheels. Due to the air-conditioning system can produce flight crew at temperatures from minus to plus 50 37 degrees. With the help of the oxygen system can produce a helicopter flying at low oxygen content in the air at altitudes of more than three kilometers.
All electrical equipment on board the machine is powered by DC current in 27. Power is supplied by the two generators, which are located on the power plant. In addition, Mi-24 helicopter is equipped with two batteries.
Due to the quality of navigation piloting equipment can be carried out at any time of the day and in bad weather conditions. The helicopter is equipped with an autopilot and the automatic control system SAU model that produces automatic calculation of pitch and roll. Use the finder mounted on the machine, you can determine the height and angle of the drift of the helicopter. The crew has the equipment to communicate, which is represented by the type of VHF radio and "Karat" system. The helicopter is also installed alarm systems and malfunctions, it is based on a voice message. In addition, each has its own pilot search station.
The modifications of the Mi-24
In all the years of manufacture has been created a large number of helicopters Mi-24 with special abilities and varied layout. The most common model is the production version of the Mi-24A, it was produced by a 1971 1973 year. It was built more than 250 units. It differs from its counterparts in that the tail rotor is located on the right side.
educational model helicopters Mi-24 in small amounts were built. In a single copy exists minesweeper, which was manufactured in 74 year on the basis of the military version of the helicopter but without weapons.
Helicopters with a tandem cabin made from the 73 77 for years and had the name Mi-24D, they are more than 600 units were produced. This helicopter is exported to other countries, while it had a slightly different packaging equipment.
The most popular model was the modification of the helicopter Mi-24V, or as it is called, "the product 242». This machine is available for up to 10 years 1986 years. And more than a thousand of these helicopters were produced during this time. It was a military vehicle that was on board weapons "Storm" system, and precision guidance system "Rainbow". In addition to production models, which are many, there are also podseriynye.
On the world market the Mi-24 have good credibility, so it has been exported to many countries around the globe, but the export version of this helicopter was called Mi-35.
Among the military there are many kinds of models of reconnaissance helicopters and spotter helicopters. These machines are equipped with modern digital complexes "Ruta" and special aerial cameras, which oversee and monitor the earth's surface. Planned production of anti-helicopter, but the project was stopped by the personal order of ML Mile.
To date, the best and highest quality are the units that are produced jointly by South Africa and the Russian companies, such as the "Rostvertol" and ATE. On these machines the newest communication and navigation equipment to NATO standards. Has been completely redesigned main screw and held a high-quality alignment of the device, in addition, it has been changed weapons. This type of helicopter Mi-24 has received additional name Super Hind.
The control system and transmission copied from Mi-8. To ensure stability and straight flight propeller shaft has been tilted forward and to the right. But the most important feature of the Mi-24 was the presence of the wing with a total area 6,75 m2 with a negative V-12 degrees. This uniqueness has provided to 28% lifting force.
This helicopter has never happened before. He had a high speed and powerful armament. During the war in Afghanistan, the Mujahideen called him "the devil's chariot," and pilots gave him the nickname "crocodile".
His first baptism of fire took Mi-24 1978 in the year, in the fighting in Somalia, during the conflict with Ethiopia. He proved himself very well, which gave a boost to its mass production in the USSR.
In 1979 year the war began in Afghanistan. Soviet tactical air forces assigned to her leading role. As the guerrilla war was, for the smothering resistance Mi-24 approached as an ideal tool.
At the beginning of the war, when the Mujahideen had no means to combat helicopter Mi-24 inflicted pinpoint strikes, carrying paratroopers he accompanied the column. Flied out to night hunting. But with the emergence of anti-aircraft guided missiles they become generally accompany transport aircraft. By the end of the war was lost more than 300 helicopters.
At the same time, the Mi-24 participated in the conflict in the Middle East - Iran - Iraq war. They are used for fire support to troops and patrols. When Iraq invaded Kuwait, the Mi-24 in the fighting did not participate. But Hussein used them to destroy the rebels and Kurdish Shiites in southern Iraq.
Just Mi-24 was involved in a bloody and long war in Chad. They participated in the capture of the capital, N'Djamena, in 1980 year. In the middle of 80-x, these helicopters were involved in the war in Angola, on the side of the communist army against UNITA.
The war in Sierra Leone took place without the involvement of the military vehicles. At the beginning of the fighting they managed to Ukrainian pilots, and by the end of the war - the pilots of the peacekeeping contingent.
Cote Ivoire, Congo, Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, Zimbabwe, this is an incomplete list of countries that have used helicopter gunships Mi-24 for warfare.
In Latin America and Asia to resolve military conflicts also used Mi-24.Oni used the armies of India and Pakistan, Peru and Nicaragua.
Mi-24 photo booths
In the middle of 90-x, in the civil war in Yugoslavia Mi-24 used VVS Croatia. In 1998 year Serbia applies them to attack the position of Albanians in Kosovo. Against Albanians has involved MI-24 Aviation and Macedonia.
The local conflicts in the CIS Mi-24 worked in Nagorno-Karabakh. Then they participated in conflicts in Georgia, Abkhazia, North and South Ossetia. Well, the greatest work in the territory of the former USSR, the helicopters carried out in Chechnya.
This "devil's chariot" is still one of the best helicopters in the world, recalling the former power of the former USSR.
Mi-24 - prototype.
Mi-24A - production version.
Mi-24B - the same as the Mi-24A only to mass production has not got. I had some distinctive modification.
Mi-24BMT - also known as "the product 247». This minesweeper based on the Mi-24A the presence of trawling equipment and with the absence of all weapons. It was built 1 instance.
Mi-24U - educational modification.
Mi-24D - the first optimum air war machine. It produces between 1973 1977 of the year (600 helicopters).
Mi-24DU - Study modification of the Mi-24D.
Mi-25 - export Mi-24D. The presence of small changes.
Mi-24V - is the most popular variant Mi-24. For the weapons available machine-gun installation USPU-24 (gun Yak B-12.7), 4 9M114 ATGM "Sturm-V", the guidance system "Raduga-M." Adopted March 29 76 years. For the power of flight engines meet TV3-117V. Produced in the period of 1976 1986 year (built 1000 copies).
Mi-24VP - armed with a gun GSH-23L. In later models, there was an eight-install the DLC-4 for ATGM "Attack-In." They are mounted between the ending and the outer pylon. In 1989, the Mi-24VP is the only helicopter that can withstand the fighters. In the event of defense against a highly protected and subsonic / c in the complex produced ATGM modernization under the RVV 9M220O with the ability to hit a target at a distance of eight kilometers. If necessary, wipe light or low-hazard air unit under zakontsovochnye AAP hung MANPADS "Igla-S» (72 mm with a range of up to five kilometers). Distinctive capabilities of the Mi-24VP is the presence of PNA modernized with updated technology for targeting radio command guided missile system. There is also NVG-58V and updated OEPS (infrared radar targets). I started in the year 1989. Designed 30 aviamashin. Mi-35 is an export version of the helicopter.
Mi-24P - the documents listed as the product 243, in the presence of the gun GSH-30K. No gun. Produced since 81 89 of the year.
Mi-24PU1 - the same Mi-24P but of Ukrainian origin. New engines mounted TV3-117VMA-SBM1V-02, set "Adros" CT 01AV (optronic countermeasures), the system of collecting information about the flight BUR-4-1-07. Among other things, the new modernized helicopter gunsight ASP-17VPM-V laser system MTF-01kv, satellite system GPSMAP-695, VHF radio KY-196V, emergency beacons EMU-406AFHM. Helicopter adopted for the Ukrainian Air Force 2012 year.
Mi-24VK-2 / PC-2 - upgraded Mi-24 for export. Update installed avionics (OPS-24NS, GOES-342 and PrVK-24) and KNEI-24.
Mi-24VM - upgraded Mi-24V / P / EP, which had fixed landing gear, X-shaped screw SOEP "Lipa" all-weather avionics, the U-23 (GSH-gun 23L) and upgraded equipment guidance RK.
Mi-24VK-1 / 2 / 1.2 - the same weapons as the Mi-24VP-M. Neukorochennoe wing with suspension at four points. Two of them are located P-64V fifth generation, used for close combat against fighters. The remaining four are located "Pine-In" for the DLC-4.
Mi-24VP-M and Mi-24VP-I - a project of the future deliveries scheduled for the Russian Air Force, but it was never implemented.
Mi-24K - intelligence, which functions as part of the task of adjustment.
Mi-24R - helicopter reconnaissance type RHB. The available machine gun Yak B-12.7, instead ATGM are six buckets of soil sampling. There is a trigger under rocket SHT. In addition to the standard number of the crew, there are two chemist scout. He has been involved in operations in the accident in Chernobyl. Designed 160 helicopters in its class.
Mi-24RA - an upgraded version of the Mi-24R.
Mi-24M - anti prototype. Development stopped.
Mi-24 SuperHind - joint razrabotkamodernizirovannogo Mi-24 plant "Rostvertol" and ATE (a South African company).
Mi-24 SuperHindMk.3 - modified model for the Armed Forces of Algeria.
Mi-24 SuperHindMk.4 - modified model for Azerbaijan.
Mi-24PN - Specialty modification to perform complex tasks during the night. Available in the Russian Air Force.
The helicopter was in the Air Force in countries such as the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, East Germany, West Germany, Iraq, Cambodia, Nicaragua, Serbia, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Croatia.
- 03.02.2002 in Chechnya - 1 helicopter.
- 20.03.2003 during a training exercise crashed helicopter 2.
- In 2003 in Ukraine - 1 helicopter.
- In the same year 26 August Chechnya - 1 helicopter.
- After a day at the airport 23 Chernigovka happened the collision of two Mi-24V.
- In November this year in Chechnya - 1 helicopter.
- In 2007 year in August (Amur Region) - 1 helicopter.
- Third February 2009 years (Saratov region) - 1 helicopter.
- Year 2010, 13 July (Dagestan) - 1 helicopter.
- November 29 2011 years (Belarus) - 1 helicopter.
- 26 August this year (Primorye) - 1 helicopter.
- 2012 year (Kenya) - 3 helicopter belonging to the Ugandan army.
- Eighth September 2012 years (Botlikh) - 1 helicopter.
|Overall length, m||21,35|
|The diameter of the rotor, m||17,3|
|The diameter of the tail rotor, m||3,91|
|Motor Power, hp||2h2200|
|Speed, km / h:|
|Static ceiling out of ground effect, m||1600|
|Dynamic ceiling, m||5120|
|Flight range, km:|
|Shipping Weight, kg:|
|on the external load||2000|
|Number paratroopers people||8|
|Built-in weapons||A gun-12,7A|
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