Helicopter UH-1 Iroquois. A photo. Video. Characteristics.
USA, Japan, Taiwan, Germany and Italy
A type:general purpose and direct support helicopter
Capacity: The pilot and passengers to 14 (modified UH-1H)
The family of helicopters Bell UH-1, built since the end of World War II, more than any other military aircraft and their air force operated in different countries more than other types. Created on the basis of HN- 40 prototype, which was built by the company "Bell" in response to the need for the United States Army in the general purpose helicopters and to evacuate the wounded. The first production helicopter HU-1A, a designation he received later went into operation at the end of 1950-ies. In 1961 the company "Bell" finalized the design and set up a model helicopter 205, applying a longer fuselage and a powerful engine.
As a result, the helicopters UH-1D / H became the most popular in the military - they remained in production until the year 1986. Only in the US Army helicopters were delivered 2008 modification D. Base Airborne units during the Vietnam War - the helicopter "Iroquois» (Iroquois) during the war and armed with a variety of machine guns as fixed in hanging containers and manually operated unruly and used role helicopter artillery battery.
Among further modifications were helicopters, equipped with two engines for naval, anti-submarine radar to search for the sea, as well as a greatly increased transport helicopter 17 soldiers - the original UH-1A could accommodate only six. Still widely exploit the Bell UH-1 helicopter today in its many versions, will undoubtedly play an important role in the military and in the XXI century. A large number of "Iroquois" helicopters freed from military service have been sold to private customers primarily in the US, where they perform a variety of work.
Technology, which is primarily associated with the Vietnam War, is an American helicopter Bell UH-1 Iroquois (Iroquois). At the time, the helicopters are very well in Korea. This prompted the US command to pay special attention to them.
UH-1 Iroquois photo
In the early 50-ies was a contest to create a light multipurpose helicopter with the possibility of installing a machine-gun and rocket weapons. In 1955, the best option of the company Bell Helicopter Company project was recognized.
The first prototype (Model 204) was equipped with a turboshaft engine Lycoming T53. The first flight of the prototype took place in October 20 1956, in Fort Worth (Texas). Army variant designated as HU-1 Iroquois (later UH-1). In mass production went UH-1A helicopters with engine Lycoming T53-L-1A (770 l. With.).
Engine Lycoming T53
Bell UH-1 Iroquois - this helicopter classic single-rotor scheme with a two-bladed main rotor and two-blade tail rotor. semi-monocoque fuselage design, consisting of a double cockpit, the cargo hold and the tail boom. Functions of tools for planting perform steel skiing. The power plant is located in the top of the fuselage and is composed of one or two motors depending on the modification of the helicopter. The fuel system consists of two tanks (625 l.), Which are located behind the cockpit. The helicopter can carry a machine-gun and rocket weapons.
Over time, there were new versions of this machine. In 1961 was the army began to receive UH-1B, which T53-L-5 (960 hp) engine was installed. In 1963 was Corps USMC UH-1E got helicopters, which are equipped with more modern radio equipment. In 1965 was a new modification of the machine, UH-1C, which features an advanced design of the rotor. UH-1D features a new fuselage design, allows you to increase the volume of the cargo compartment. Since 1965 of attempts to install on UH-1 two engines. The result was a modification of the UH-1N with two engines Pratt & Whitney PT6T-3 (total capacity 1800 hp). "Iroquois" is one of the most popular helicopters in the history of American aviation, with more than 8000 units were built. The car was exported and manufactured under license abroad.
Engine Pratt & Whitney PT6T-3
The range of applications of this helicopter is very wide, it is used extensively in military and civil aviation around the world. He lit up in many military conflicts as a helicopter landing and fire support.
Specifications Bell UH-1:
maximum takeoff weight 4309 kg;
maximum speed 238 km / h;
practical range 615 km;
service ceiling 3505 m;
1361 kg payload (or 8 fully equipped soldiers).
|First flight:||22 1956 October, the|
|Manufacturer:||Bell Helicopter Textron|
|Modifications:||UH-1N Twin Huey, Bell 204 / 205, Bell 212, Bell 214, UH-1Y Venom|
|The diameter of the rotor:||14,63 m|
|The diameter of the tail rotor:||2,59 m|
|Fuselage length:||12,77 m|
|Maximum takeoff||4310 kg|
|The weight of cargo on external sling:||1759 kg|
|Internal fuel capacity:||840 kg|
|The number, type, model:||1 x GTD, Textron Lycoming T53-L-13|
|Cruising speed:||204 km / h|
|full speed||222 km / h|
|in level flight:|
|Range of flight practical:||511 km|
|Static ceiling:||4145 m|
|Dynamic ceiling:||5910 m|
|The maximum rate of climb:||7.6 m / s|
|Pendant||M60S, M2HB, M134|
|Guided missile:||AGM-22, BGM-71 TOW|
|Unguided Missile:||7-19-charger or battery 70 mm rocket units|
UH-1 Iroquois video
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