The only company, which in Soviet times was engaged in manufacturing of helicopters in Ukraine, was a factory, located in Oaks Transcarpathian region. It is this plant was chosen for the serial production of advanced Mi-34, and not the enterprise of the Far East. However, this project was not implemented.
In 1990 years because of the difficult economic situation many qualified aviation engineers left the state enterprise and changed its kind of activity. However, some designers have remained true to their profession and to continue the activities, developing aircraft. Strange but true: the last time on the open spaces of Ukraine were created new bureaus, which are developing helicopters. In the days of the independence of staff in the Bureau of helicopter it is not only from the local skilled labor, but also of specialists from neighboring Russia.
Notable success has been achieved only two production companies:
- Kyiv Design Bureau "Vertical" - the development of a light helicopter CT-112.
- Poltava company "Aerocopter" - the creation of a double AK1-3.
The base of the design bureau "Vertical" held in 1999 year. In 2003 year made the first flight of the prototype helicopter "Angel", developed by the office. On completion of the project took five years, and a series of car has got a new name - CT-112 «Cadet".
Helicopter CT-112 has riveted metal structure. It is designed for single-rotor scheme with suspension and steering three-blade propeller two-bladed. Helicopters, the manufacturer has a version of its implementation:
- Passenger - for transportation 3-x passengers and baggage.
- Sanitary - to carry one patient with a paramedic on board.
- Training - to train pilots pilot technique.
At the present time the helicopter is at the stage of factory tests, where it is preparing for certification. In the town of Borodyanka produced three prototypes. Home Test - July of this year. By year end, the manufacturer plans to get a certificate to start production. Capacities of the enterprise allow to produce annually up to 300 helicopters. At the plant lies only assembly, manufacture of parts and assemblies - work related businesses. Though the serial production has not yet started, requests from potential buyers have already come. They are government agencies, private companies and individuals.
Besides CT-112 in the design office "Vertical" busy designing a five-seater helicopter "Skif". Development is at the stage of preliminary design, the engines are tested. "Skif" plans to equip two piston engines, fuel consumed in common gasoline A-95.
CT-112 «Cadet" equipped with engines Rotax-912, but in the near future of Ukrainian layout engines. According to the certification document, the two helicopters belong to the category "A", it means the possibility of take-off after failure of one engine. They can also be operated without restriction over populated areas.
Development of the "Cadet" is conducted under the patronage of the state. Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the company will receive financial support for testing and launch of the helicopter. Also, the state is obliged to purchase CT-112 in various ministries and departments.
The second creation of Ukrainian helicopter - AK1-3 from the manufacturer "Aerocopter." The device is made of a single-rotor scheme. The design of tubular folded form. In her cabin installed, made of composites, powerplant, braced tail boom with feathers and rotor gearbox. Using the navigation equipment allows flights only in normal weather conditions of daylight.
Fastening three-bladed main rotor blades - elastic. The blades are made of composite materials with non-linear twist along the radius and varying the relative thickness of the profile. Two-bladed tail rotor is equipped with a horizontal hinge. Its blades are made of composite materials. The structure of the power plant includes a piston engine EJ-25 Subaru with a liquid cooling system that runs on gasoline A-95.
Raising the first prototype AK1-3 2001 held in the year. It was used for playing the main stages of the factory ground and flight tests. Certification of this unit was completed in July 2006 years. However, two years after obtaining permits revoked certificate in the State Aviation Administration of Ukraine. The reason for this decision were three flight incident that occurred on these helicopters in 2007-2008 years. Representatives of the State Aviation Administration claimed that the request for the return of the certificate to the manufacturer AK1-3 now being considered and may be granted.
Total enterprise "Aerocopter" issued 28 helicopters of this model, even 10 are in various stages of production.
The helicopter fleet in Ukraine
According to data released by helicopter club "autopilot", private Ukrainian helicopters are about 60-five. Among them - RotorWay EXEC-162f; SCHWEIZER 300C4 Robinson R-22-44; Alouette-3; Aerospatiale SA-341; Eurocopter EC-120 Colibri, AS-350, -355 Ecureuil; Bell-206, -407, -430; Agusta-109, Ukrainian AK1-3 and Soviet / Russian Mi, Ka.
From the above models of the certification procedure in Ukraine successfully passed the Agusta-109, SCHWEIZER 300C, Bell-407, -430, Mi, Ka. It is worth noting that the private operation of helicopters on the territory of Ukraine is permitted even without a certificate. Formation of the private park of small aircraft in the vast state inhibits the weak development of the necessary infrastructure (small number of helipads and heliports, hangars for helicopters, lack of conditions for maintenance). Nevertheless, steps towards the development of this sector are being made, and it is only a matter of time.
Regarding the use of helicopters, state institutions of Ukraine the situation is worse. Only three organizations have at their disposal a helicopter Mi-2: Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk and Simferopol flying club. In total, they exploit 20 machines of this type. The problem is that the life of the Mi-2 expired, and replace them with nothing.
The bulk of the fighting and civilian helicopters Ukrainian Ministry of Defence operates. In total, the location of the Ministry are about 60-minute Mi-8, but only one third of them is in flying condition. Soon, all the models have to be written off, because this model is designed to 26 years of service and the latest Mi-8, an employee in the Ministry of Defense, released back in 1989 city
Of course, there are programs extension of flight hours of helicopters Mi-8, but their implementation will require major investments. Although the Ministry and can afford to hold a series of activities to return to operation by helicopter gunships, anything like this is not.
In 2003 year a tender was held for the rental of helicopters supported by the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, which requires a major overhaul and is not used army. The tender was awarded Ukrainian airline "Ukrainian helicopters". According to the agreement, the company received a 16-8 Mi in a state unfit for flying. At their own expense, the company "Ukrainian helicopters" repaired 12 machines 4 still are in the process of repair and modernization.
The lease contract contains the following aspects:
- The helicopters returned to the Ukrainian army in a suitable condition for flight.
- Flight resource refurbished helicopters must be at least 300 flight hours after the repair.
Cooperation with the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine airline "Ukrainian helicopters" would help extend the life of the Mi-8 26 up to 32 years. However, this did not happen. Contract terminated repeatedly, signed again as soon as a change of leadership of the Ministry of Defence.
At the moment, the air carrier "Ukrainian helicopters" - the largest helicopter operator in the country; Air fleet of the company consists of the Mi-16 8 MVT1. This is the only Ukrainian carrier of international organizations accredited by the United Nations and the Red Cross.
Repair and modernization of helicopters engaged in "Sevastopol aircraft repair enterprise" - the Ministry of Defense state structure. But all the costs borne by the airline.
Besides civil helicopters about 80 units helicopter standing on the account of the Ministry of defense - attack helicopters, mainly Ka-27, Ka and Mi-29-24. Air fleet of military equipment is decreasing every year. The reason is the same - to develop flight resource. For the Ukrainian army little visible prospects for the development of active use of helicopters. Only one institution in Ukraine produces professional military experts helicopter - Air Force University Kozhedub in Kharkiv. Due to the lack of finance at the end of 90-ies joined the ranks of the Ukrainian Air Force pilots who do not fly the helicopter. There was no necessary equipment and fuel for training.
In 2003, the joint forces of the Air Force and the DOSAAF aero club in Kharkiv began to carry out flight instruction in helicopters Mi-2. For the year here to let 15-minute fliers with the common touch 15 hours. During this time it is impossible to thoroughly examine all the nuances of piloting the helicopter, but it is enough for independent flight. Currently Kharkov flying club operates Mi 6-2: three helicopters used for training cadets, three more - for hozrabot.
About updating the fleet of helicopters training is silence. In theory, the current machine is still able to serve for five years, and then they will look for a replacement. High hopes for custom training helicopter lay the Russian aircraft building enterprises. Given the high probability of accidents Ukrainian AK1-3, this machine seems very "raw" to pilot her inexperienced guys.
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