By helicopter-50 «Black Shark". A photo. Video. Characteristics.
The impact of Russian-made helicopter Ka-50 is a fighting machine, which is designed to destroy enemy armored vehicles and enemy air units. Ka-50 has other names in the design of it is designated as a "product 800", and after getting into production dubbed him the "Black Shark".
Due to the fact that this machine is single, she copes with the traditional battlefield tactics and superbly performs tasks scout. For exploration originally planned to use unmanned machine or Ka-52, but Ka-50 can qualitatively cope with such tasks on their own.
When the first helicopter combat missions located on the base near the place of combat, where right in the cockpit can get complete information about your location and the location of the enemy forces. Aiming weapons manufactured using modern equipment with an error of only a few meters. After application of firing on enemy forces helicopter leaves the affected area air defense.
The helicopter was designed and developed in the design Kamov bureau. For service in the Russian helicopter entered the 1995 year and serial production was discontinued in the winter 2009 years. The refusal was made in favor of a new and improved model two-seater attack helicopter Ka-52.
Development of a new attack helicopter was launched in the winter 1976 years by order of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union. The new device should replace combat helicopter Mi-24, which lacked combat power. In the new project also influenced the emergence of an American counterpart, called AN-64. The appearance of the car developed jointly by Bureau Kamov and Mil. Kamov design bureau has specialized mainly in the production of maritime helicopters, for this reason, the new machine was equipped with dual coaxial rotor as marine models. It was the first land vehicle with this type of rotor. Chief Designer was appointed Mikheev, who from the beginning gave the standard of similar models of helicopters.
Through the use of coaxial propellers helicopter got more lift and lost at the same time in power. This led to the fact that the helicopter has gained the ability to rise faster in the vertical plane and a large lifting height limit. New helicopter blades have a smaller diameter, resulting in a higher speed of rotation, and this reduced resistance during flight and possible to obtain a high speed horizontal flight. The total weight of the machine has been reduced due to the lack of steering the machine screw. And while the helicopter gained a lot of vitality, as combat damage to the tail of the machine will not cause much damage, and will not lead to machine failure.
Another feature of this machine was to reduce the number of crew to one pilot. Failure to co-pilot was made possible through the use of modern navigation and sighting equipment of domestic production. If you are using a new technology able to automate a large number of devices and assemblies. Using only one pilot resulting in savings of time and in many positions. First, one can use pilot significantly fewer armor, which will also reduce the weight of the machine. Second, it saves time and money on training of pilots in time of peace, since reduced the number of personnel service units. And in the time of battle single helicopters will reduce the number of casualties among the pilots.
The helicopter Ka-50 model was first used a new kind of rescue system for the pilot, which was not there before, and it is this unit was equipped with ejection seats.
The helicopter is equipped with a dual-engine power unit, which transmits power to the main coaxial screw. The helicopter is fitted straight elongated wing feathers with quality in all planes. In the manufacture of the machine body large number of polymeric materials have been used and aluminum alloys, again leading to weight reduction of the helicopter. 30% of the entire mass of the helicopter fabricated of composite materials. This all led to a simplification of the manufacture of parts and reduce their cost, and the most important thing is that they have a much longer life.
The fuselage is divided into three sections: front, back and tail. Strengthening the construction is done with the help of spars. In the nose of the helicopter cockpit is located, which is completely sealed and equipped with heavy armor. It protects the pilot from enemy armor-piercing bullets. Total weight of the machine is about armor 350 kilos. Half of the cockpit glazing is made of transparent armor.
In the middle part of the helicopter located boxes of ammunition for the guns and car fuel tanks. Immediately placed computing equipment to manage all of the helicopter systems. In this area, there is mounting for engines and gearboxes as well as elements of the steering system. In the rear of the machine are located blocks in which radio equipment is installed.
Wings of Ka-50 long enough to have the scope of 7,3 meter and arrow-shaped, they are designed to discharge screw at high speeds. On the wings placed at four locations for mounting weapons. The wings provide an opportunity to strengthen weapons or additional tanks, weighing a ton 2. In addition, the wings mounted winch that allows to lift loads of up to 500 kilos.
Helicopter landing gear is composed of three racks, which are removed during the flight. Front support is equipped with a pair of wheels, with which you can produce effective taxiing on the ground. On the chassis set oscillation damping system that can safely break the machine in case of overload. In an emergency, or you can land the helicopter when Undiscovered chassis on its belly, with wings protects the machine from tipping over.
Efficient flight machines provide two gas-turbine engines, each of which provides for 2,2 thousand horsepower. Powerplant engines are located in the sides of the gondola. The advantage of the engines is that they are equipped with automatic oil-based systems that provide lubrication of all components and assemblies. The oil system prevents overheating and wear of moving parts of engines. The power plant has a high degree of safety, as it can continue to operate at full loss of oil for a further thirty minutes. On engines installed centrifugal dust sampling system. To reduce visibility in the infrared unit is equipped with screen-exhaust systems.
Carrier Ka-50 system shows two coaxial screws, which have three blades. They are attached to the shaft by means of plugs and additional torsion. The main rotor controls the automatic skew. It should be noted that the upper main rotor rotates clockwise, and the bottom - against the clock. Propeller blades can withstand the ingress of shells to 20 mm and still maintain performance.
Helicopter Ka-50 model is also equipped with a host of other systems that give the machine excellent flying and fighting qualities.
The first modification of attack helicopter.
night attack helicopter.
night attack helicopter.
double modification to NATO standards
Double reconnaissance and attack helicopter
The helicopter "Black Shark" despite the fact that has been established over 30 years ago, it is still one of the best combat helicopters used by the Russian army. The main advantage of this combat helicopter is the possibility of a low-flight above the ground - fighting machine capable of stably fly just 1.5-2 meters above the ground, and in the event of an obstacle, the machine is able to quickly gain the necessary height.
The helicopter "Black Shark" I began to be used only in the year 1995, since up to this point he passed various tests, which lasted almost 13 years. To date, created just 15 combat vehicles of this type, two of which were wrecked, one helicopter crashed during the first tests in the year of its creation, and the second crashed in 1998 year.
By helicopter-50 «Black Shark". A photo.
An interesting fact is that helicopter "Black Shark" up to 2007 years, none of the countries did not use in his army coaxial rotorcraft, and Russia has become in this respect a true leader. What does coaxial screws? It makes sense to bring several advantages:
- Performing aerobatics, such as the figure "funnel", which implies execution of a circling around the target with its permanent seizure of guided weapons combat;
- Quick climb;
- Big pitch.
There are a number of other advantages associated primarily with the maneuverability of combat helicopter "Black Shark", also known under this name as the Ka-50.
Helicopter Black Shark Photo which you can see in front of him, it demonstrates not only their rather small size, but also the so-called covert form, because quite a few people know that the helicopter poorly detected by radar, even at high altitudes, however under the condition that will be used by the meter band.
As for performance, the helicopter "Black Shark" boasts of its low weight, it is a decent flight speed averaging 270 kilometers per hour, which is slightly below the American "Apache", but on the other hand, the maximum lifting height of the helicopter is more than 6 kilometers, which is beyond the power of almost any of the helicopter. helicopter weighs only 7700 kg, but on the other hand, if necessary, a helicopter can lift more 3 extra tons of different weapons.
It is also worth noting that about a helicopter "Black Shark" There is an enormous number of facts, including those related to the previously never shown. A typical example is the test of a helicopter landing without the tail, which can occur naturally in the battle. The helicopter, of course, will not be able to continue the fight, but make an emergency landing without any prejudice to the pilot and ammunition on board. There is even a a film about the helicopter "Black Shark"Which was released in 1993 year, that is, prior to the actual use of the combat vehicle in the Russian Air Force.
about the helicopter "Black Shark" film. Video.
The helicopter "Black Shark" operates to this day, however, the production of combat vehicles temporarily suspended due to the high cost and the feasibility of its use, however, it is safe to say that this is a means of military aviation is one of the best to date worldwide.
Ka-50 «Black Shark» Features
- Crew - 1 people.
- Maximum take-off weight - 10800 kg
- Normal takeoff weight - 9800 kg
- Maximum weight of consumable combat load -1811 kg
- Normal weight of consumable combat load - 610 kg
- Empty weight of the helicopter - 7692 kg
- The maximum speed of flight - 300 km / h
- Cruising speed - 270 km / h
- Static ceiling - 4000 m
- Dynamic ceiling - 5500 m
- Range with normal takeoff weight - 460 m
- Ferry range - 1160 km
- Length with rotating propellers - 16 m
- Height - 4,93 m
- The diameter of the rotor - 14,5 m
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