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Mi-35
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Mi-35

Mi-35. A photo. History. Characteristics

 

Mi-35 is a highly-skilled upgrade of the most famous combat Soviet Mi-24 helicopter, or "Crocodile". For this period it is produced directly for the Russian Air Force and for export to foreign countries. This air vehicle is used to destroy enemy tanks and armored vehicles, it also provides assistance to infantry and landing troops (fire support and removal of the wounded). Less efficient use of the helicopter is associated with the transport of goods and various materials. Production is assigned to OJSC Rostvertol in the Rostov region. The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation ordered 22 a helicopter of this brand. In 12, there were 12. Later the contract was renamed to 27. The same helicopter is delivered to Venezuela, Brazil and Azerbaijan.

Mi-35 photo

Upgraded Mi-35 is a multi-purpose attack helicopter. He is able to perform complex tasks in all weather conditions. At the forefront of weapons are two-barrel gun mount GS-23L (caliber 23 mm) rockets "Storm" (anti-tank).

Positively reduced the weight of the helicopter shortened wings and lightweight chassis (not removed). And thanks to the X-shaped tail rotor improved handling and reduced noise.

Precision hitting ensure due sighting system OPS-Review 24N. The helicopter is able to perform the operation and during the night (OPS-24N combined with avionics). This effect is enhanced by the established televizornoy system. The satellite navigation system and on-board computer to calculate the route to allow 2 times faster.

There are four ways to use the Mi-35: military, amphibious, cargo and ambulance. The military provides fire support and produces independent operations. Landing variant of the helicopter is capable of carrying commandos in full ammunition, cargo - ammunition or other cargo weighing up to six tons, but due to external suspension transported tonnage can grow up to 2400 kg. Cleaning option carries two bedridden and two sedentary people, including health workers.

Mi-35 4545 photo

This aircraft was built on the basis of Mi-24 for improved combat performance regardless of weather and time of day. Due to the tests, it was decided to install a high-precision weapon on the helicopter, which enabled more complex operations. The 24-hour combat mission for this helicopter was made possible by the built-in GOES-342 (gyro-stabilized optoelectronic station), OPS-24H, PrVK-24 (sighting, computer complex), KNEI-24 (electronic navigation and navigation system) and special lighting equipment.

NVG, or night-vision goggles, led to a special adaptation of indoor and outdoor lighting equipment. They work in a range of 640-900 nm. Night vision devices are responsible for night flying at altitudes of up to 50 200 meters, target detection, help provide takeoff and landing, climb and turns, is allowed to carry out search and rescue operations.

Mi-35 3455 photo

The nose of the helicopter is armed NPPU-23 (GSH-gun 23L two-barrel). Among other things, there are several options of armament for the Mi-35:

  • ATGM ("Attack-M" and "Sturm-V" amount of up to eight);
  • two to four blocks B8V20 with NAR-A-C type 8;
  • cannons suspended type GS-23L.

Renewed support system has improved performance characteristics. It includes an updated rotor (improved airfoil) with blades made of composite materials. The blades of light type increases technical resource. For the first time on this type of helicopter was used a new type of rotor hub with elastomeric joints (they do not require lubrication). The main parts are made of titanium alloys.

High mobility, combat survivability and low acoustic visibility provided by the new carrier system. Even if the blade gets caliber projectile to 30 mm helicopter operation is reduced. Both screws provide their blades icing system.

Mi-35 photo booths

Thanks engines VC-2500-02 increased capacity. This engine was designed based on TV3-117. The new engines will qualitatively use the helicopter in the mountains and at high temperatures. The creators of the design used a universal heat-resistant materials, reinforced drive the compressor and the electronic-mechanical engine control systems. Due to this increase in the half speed of the turbocharger.

Although the wings and shortened, this does not affect the functionality. Thanks to the holder of the DBR-HC on the wing set trigger AAP-8 / 4-Y, that hosts guided missiles. These mounting brackets provided, the rise of various cargoes.

The new landing gear allows you to change the clearance, razevat machine on the ground, and not feel stress during takeoff or landing. Fixed landing gear will not only facilitate, but also allows a relatively safe flying a short distance from the ground.

Mi-35 photo desert

Modernization of "Crocodile" occurred 1999 year. Its employees engaged in "Rostvertol". The result was exactly the Mi-35 - aerial combat vehicles to perform complex operations and infantry support. Thanks to an innovative set televizornym surveillance systems (IRTV-445MGH) the helicopter is able to track and detect hidden objects from a distance of four kilometers.

For the determination of coordinates, navigation options and the issuance of data on the screen answers GPS115LGarmin system with VPS-200 conjugation.

Modifications of the Mi-35

  1. Mi-35 - is an export-based helicopter Mi-24V. The technique changed the sighting system is TSA-17V and engines produced by "Motor Sich" - "Klimov" TIZ-117V.

  2. Mi-35P - export model previously created Mi-24P. The carrier system, a three-bladed tail rotor, long wings and retractable landing gear typical of Mi-24P. Of the weapons present a fixed gun mount, which established a double-barreled gun GS-30K (30 mm caliber).

  3. Mi-35PN - the same Mi-35P, with additions to perform combat missions at night. The installed system "Glow" - televizornaya night sighting type. The crew is equipped with a Specialty night vision goggles (NVG).

  4. Mi-35 PM - doublet version of the Mi-35P new X-shaped tail and main rotor blades made of composite materials.

  5. Mi-35M - equipped with fixed landing gear that protects the helicopter in the fall (absorbs some of the shock itself), OPS-24N and inherent gyro-stabilized optical-electronic system GOES-324, laser rangefinder, shortened wings and engines VC-2500 «Klimov."

This aviation-military machine is in service with Russia (24 instance Mi-35M and has implemented an order for 49 helicopters), Azerbaijan (16 pieces Mi-35M and order 24 helicopter of the same marking), Venezuela (10 Mi-35M2), Indonesia (seven representatives of marking R), Myanmar (available 50 Mi-P), Peru (two Mi-35P and signed a contract for two more Mi-35P), Afghanistan (9 35 Mi-helicopters).

At this time, used in military purposes in Iraq.

 

Mi-35 photo city

 

Mi-35 characteristics:

  • Crew: 2 (pilot and weapons operator)

  • Seating capacity: up to 8 or 2 soldiers seriously wounded and stretcher with paramedic

  • Capacity: 2400 kg

  • Length: n / a

  • Fuselage length: 17,51 m

  • Main rotor diameter: 17,3 m

  • The diameter of the tail rotor: 3,91 m

  • The maximum width of the fuselage: 1,7 m (6,66 m docked wing panels)

  • Height: 3,97 m (with tail rotor)

  • The area swept rotor: m²

  • The base chassis: 4,39 m

  • Track Chassis: 3,03 m

  • Empty weight: 8620 kg

  • Normal takeoff weight: 11 200 kg

  • Maximum takeoff weight: 11 500 kg

  • The weight of fuel in internal tanks: 1500 1000 optional kg + kg

  • The volume of fuel tanks: n / a (+ 4 500 x l PTB)

  • Powerplant: 2 × turboshaft "Klimov" TV3 117VMA-production "Motor Sich"

  • Engine power: 2 × 2200 l. from. (takeoff)

 

Mi-35 23 photo

 

Flight characteristics of Mi-35:

  • Speed ​​limit: 340 km / h

  • Maximum speed: 320 km / h

  • Cruising speed: 280 km / h

  • Practical range: 450 km

  • Ferry range: 1000 km (with PTB)

  • Flight duration:

  • with a maximum fuel capacity:

  • Static ceiling: 1750 m

  • Dynamic ceiling: 4500 m

  • Rate of climb: m / s

  • The vertical rate of climb: m / s

 

Armament Mi-35:

  • Gunnery: fixed gun mount NPU-30 with a double-barreled gun GS-2-30 caliber 30-mm ammunition 250 cartridges (Mi-35P) or non-removable movable gun mount NPPU-24 with a double-barreled gun GS-23 caliber 23-mm ( Mi-35M)

  • Suspension Points: 6 (4 from Mi-35M)

  • The combat load: 1780 kg

  • Guided Missiles:

  • missiles "air-land»: 8's "Sturm-V" or "Attack-M"

  • missiles "air-air":

  • Unguided rockets: On-8 80-mm caliber or C-13 130-mm caliber or C-24 240-mm caliber

  • Additional weapons: bombs and cartridge caliber of 50 500 to kg mine - container KMGU-2

 

Helicopters

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Photos 2, 4, 5, 7 - not Mi-35.

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