McDonnell Douglas Corporation
McDonnell Douglas - American Aircraft Corporation, with offices based in St. Louis, Missouri. This airline has become one of the largest in the world in the production of military aircraft, as well as for the production of commercial passenger aircraft. 25 years ago, it was one of the largest contractors, who served as the space and defense orders.
According to the 1988 70% of sales were represented by the implementation of government orders. At that time, sales of 15,1 bln. $, The net annual profit - 350 million. $, The number of employees - about 121 000 people.
Corporation McDonnell Douglas - third scale company that manufactures aircraft. State corporation consists of more than 63 000 employees working in various locations around the world.
In 1996 year McDonnell Douglas merged with Boeing under the name Boeing Company, which is now the largest aerospace corporations.
Home McDonnell Douglas existence dates back to 1967, when there was a merger of the two companies that produced aviation equipment, "Douglas Aircraft" and "McDonnell Eykraft."
Douglas Aircraft company established back in 1920 of Its founder was an engineer Donald Douglas. This is now released on a huge amount of high-quality light aircraft, in particular the legendary airliner DC-3, appeared on the airways in 1935, he, thanks to the peculiarities of its operation and acceptable fuel consumption, has made cost-effective passenger transportation. Before the Second World War, the world fleet of commercial airliners share DC-3 was about 80%.
In 1953 of commercial flights began to perform the Douglas DC-7 - one of the first machines that could make flights without landing almost on the whole territory of the United States. Thus, it was possible to fly across the country to the extreme west at the eastern point, even moving in the direction of the air flow against the wind.
In the early 1960-x seriously began to develop aircraft manufacturer "Boeing" - the main competitor of "Douglas", which, through its activities, selected profitable orders for aircraft than did his rival loss-making enterprise.
McDonnell Aircraft Corporation - corporation, which was established in 1939, Her founder is an engineer James McDonnell. During the Second World War, the company was one of the key suppliers of aircraft for combat use of the US Army. This is what now been made known examples of such aircraft as fighter jets F2H Banshee, F-101 and F-4 Phantom. McDonnell also been built capsule "Gemini" and "Mercury", which were intended to send the first American astronauts into space in 1960-ies.
When the two companies merged into one, there was a real giant of the aviation industry, which supplied combat aircraft in the military around the world. Within the walls of McDonnell Douglas has been designed and manufactured fighter became the F-15 Eagle - the main combat aircraft the US Air Force.
1970 city - the company presented to the public passenger version DC-10.
The Space Defense department of "McDonnell Douglas" works 11,2 thousand. human. Production facilities are located in California. The division manufactures space technology for the US Department of Defense, NASA and international manufacturers of space orbiting satellites. McDonnell Douglas Laboratories has developed a line of rockets Delta II, the essential elements of the future international space station, thermal vision systems components. Also, the corporation has become the main developer of the US space station Skylab, which launched into orbit in 1973 year.
In 1984 the company bought unit Hughes Helicopters, which produces combat helicopters AH-64 Apache. The helicopter unit employs about 2800 man, his power is based in Arizona. There have been developed helicopters for fire support AH-64D Longbow Apache, light helicopters MD 500, MD 600, twin-turbo versions of experienced helicopter system kit NOTAR. Commercial helicopters are manufactured in "McDonnell Douglas", in 1980-years accounted for only a quarter of production capacity.
The units involved in the implementation of the program C-17 in Long Beach, California, worked 8400 people. It involved the construction of a new transport variant C-17 Globemaster III, which were the forerunners Globemaster II and Globemaster I.
With the end of the Cold War, the number of orders for military aircraft McDonnell Douglas in substantially decreased and the company have come on hard times. The turnover of the corporation during the period of 1990 1994 years decreased by 25%. So we had to re-equip their production facilities for production of commercial aircraft.
During this period, a number of these machines are as follows:
three-engine wide-body MD-11, able to transport over long distances up to 410 passengers;
small MD-80, aircraft near and medium-haul destinations, proceeded to commit commercial passenger traffic in 1980 g .;
MD-90 - liner medium-haul destinations, which was released in 1995 city
In addition to these, "McDonnell Douglas" in 1995 city started taking orders for the production of a small twin-engine aircraft to service the airlines' medium and short length, after which began to be issued as the Boeing Corporation Boeing-717.
In 1996 control of McDonnell Douglas announced that the company has no funds for extending the work on widebody passenger liner of the next generation. This greatly reduced the ability of the enterprise in the market of commercial airliners with tough competitive structure manufacturers.
A crushing blow to the corporation made the US Department of Defense, which excluded her from the competition for the design of the latest generation fighter for the Air Force. Not seeing bright prospects, the owners of McDonnell Douglas began to negotiate with the company "Boeing". By the end of 1996 was held the largest merger in the history of aviation. Company McDonnell Douglas was acquired by Boeing. The federal government approved the deal in 1997 city
As part of the McDonnell Douglas at various times operated these units:
- McDonnell Douglas Aerospace - Defence special unit to carry out defense orders. Hours - 1939-1996 g .;
- McDonnell Douglas Hughes Helicopters- Unit produces helicopters. Hours - 1984-1996 city
|Dolphin DC-1 DC-2 DC-3 DC-4E DC-4 DC-5 DC-6 DC-7|
|DC-8 DC-9 (MD-80 MD-90 MD-95) DC-10 (MD-11)|
|DC-7 (Globemaster) DC-7D DC-8 (piston) Model 2067 (DC-9) Model 2229 (SST) MD-91X / -92X / -94X MD-12 / -XX DC-10-60|
|XP-67 FH-1 F2H XF-85 XF-88 F3H F-101 F-4 / F-110 F-15 F-15E F-15 S / MTD F / A-18 CF-18 / CF-188 F / A-18E / F YF-23|
|C-9 KC-10 YC-15 C-17|
|XHJH XH-20 XHCH XHRH AH-64 Defender MD 500 MD 600 MD 900|
|XV-1 X-36 Bird of Prey|
|Mercury Gemini Skylab|
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