Mi-38 is a multi-purpose machine, which can be widely used in all sectors of the economy and for the transport of both cargo and passengers. Often, this machine is used for transportation of VIP-persons. You can use it to carry out rescue and search operations, it can also be used to fly over water bodies. Since this machine is one of the latest developments Mil design offices, it has a large part of its design composites. The new machine has a large cockpit area of glazing.
History of creation
At the end of 80-ies in the USSR it adopted a policy of accelerating technological progress. It was aimed at improving the technology, which must comply with international peers. It is for these reasons that a lot of innovations have been introduced in the helicopter. These facts led to the creation of a qualitatively new multi-purpose machine, which received the name Mi-38.
The first sketches of the future development and the helicopter began to take place in Kazan branch Mile with 1983 years. But in 87, the customer wanted to implement in the car more and more new and innovative solutions, which were to improve the technical characteristics of the helicopter. It is for this reason that the further development of the project began to engage designers Mil Moscow bureau. Chief designer was A. Ivanov, and later he was replaced by N. Chkalov.
Mi-38 became the first helicopter, which is designed and constructed in accordance with international norms and standards. It also served as the acceleration of the formation of our country's legislation on the certification of helicopters that meet European and American standards of airworthiness. But the collapse of the Soviet Union brought the delay in the further development of the helicopter. The Russian Federation was interested in the development of aviation, so its development program was created. It gave a new impetus to the production of the Mi-38.
Features of the Mi-38
Since Mi-38 - multipurpose helicopter, he should perform various tasks, such as the transport of goods, passengers, carry out installation work, loading and unloading. It was used as a rescue and medical car. The helicopter of this model can be used for scientific expeditions, as well as for the transport of persons in the cabin comfortable class.
The model of the air unit can carry out missions under very difficult weather conditions and at any time of the day. Mi-38 works perfectly at temperatures of up to + 50 -60 degrees Celsius.
The machine is constructed according to the classical scheme of using a single screw, which is equipped with six blades. Tail rotor blade has four X-shaped. Due to the well thought-out design of the helicopter fuselage it has excellent aerodynamic properties. The machine frame consists of three layers, which include composite materials. The blades of both propellers are made of fiberglass.
Maintenance of Mi-38 much cheaper and easier than the previous machine Mi-8. This was achieved due to the fact that the designers took into account all the problems that arise in the design and manufacture of other models of the Mi series. Due to a sufficiently large cargo cabin helicopter can carry bulky loads.
It is equipped with a large cargo door, which is located in the tail of the car. There is also a side door, which is equipped with a ladder. With it also possible to load. A large cargo door can make loading equipment. When an emergency evacuation of passengers and pilots can be carried out through the side door of the machine.
This model is equipped with a winch, which is fixed at the door on the right side. It can lift loads of up to 300 kg. The passenger version of the machine allows you to carry up to thirty passengers, and the interior is equipped with pantry and toilet. Rescue option allows the machine comfortably accommodate couples 8 stretcher with the victim.
By using the latest equipment and a large viewing from the cockpit of this machine can be operated by one pilot. Flying with two pilots are mainly carried out with the passengers. In addition, helicopter equipment allows to do without the help of a flight engineer.
Mi-38 meets all the international safety requirements. Due to the fact that the powerplant machine is located at the rear of the machine can produce enough safe helicopter landing in an emergency. Even with the breakdown of the oil system of the machine, the helicopter can still work about half an hour. The entire control system is equipped with a hydraulic actuator, which facilitate the work of the pilots. Fuel tanks helicopter placed in the floor of the cargo compartment. But they are so well thought out that a fall from a height of about 15 meters of fuel will not flow and does not lead to a fire.
For security and soft landing helicopter has a lot of cushioning systems that are equipped with the passengers and the pilots seat and chassis system. In the event of an emergency on the water bodies Mi-38 splashdown helicopter has a system that ensures the safe evacuation of the car.
The helicopter is equipped with the latest devices, which controls the avionics system. All information is displayed on the displays in the cockpit pilots. In addition, the helicopter is equipped with instruments for the calculation of the weather situation, as well as flight navigation. The machine has an autopilot and electronic control of the power plant.
Due to the fact that the helicopter complies with all international and Russian standards of quality and safety, it can be considered a full-fledged competitor in the global helicopter market.
Mi-38 - the Russian multi-purpose helicopter of average range.
The state program "Mi-38» funded by the Russian government. The serial production of the Mi-38 plans to 2015. Serial production will be carried out Kazan Helicopter Plant.
At the XIV championship on helicopter sports, which occurred with 22-26.08.2012 near Moscow airport, the pilots of the Moscow helicopter plant on the Mi-38 overcome height 8600m and set a new world altitude record and the record of the climb to the height of 3000m without load for 6 minutes in class E1h, FAI category for helicopters takeoff mass 10-20 tons. Record broken 15,08,2013 Mi8MSB helicopter with engines TV3117VMASBM1V 4E series. He reached the height of 9150m
10.09.2012 at the airport JSC "Mil im.m.L. Mile " Mi-38 reached a record rise of commercial cargo to a height of 1000kg 8000m. Alexander Klimov (crew commander), Sadriyev Salavat (co-pilot), Sergey Seregin (navigator), Klevantsev Igor (lead engineer)
Mi-38 photo salon
The record for lifting goods to a height 2000kg 7020m: Sadriyev Salavat (crew commander), Kutanin Vladimir (co-pilot), Sergey Seregin (navigator) Soloviev Nikolai (lead engineer)
Mi-38 photo booths
Characteristics of the Mi-38:
The greatest number of passengers: 30
The diameter of the rotor: 21,1m
The diameter of the tail rotor: 3,84m
Length with rotating propellers: 25m
Fuselage length: 19,95m
Fuselage Width: 4,5m
Height with rotating propellers: 6,98m
Empty weight: 8300kg
Normal takeoff weight: 14200kg
The highest take-off weight: 15600kg
Maximum payload on the external sling: 6000kg
Maximum payload in transport cabin: 5000kg
Power take-off on time: 2500l.s.
Power to the emergency mode: 3500l.s.
The speed at FL: 295km / h
Maximum speed: 320km / h
Range of flight: 1300km
Maximum range and payload 3300kg main tanks: 900km
Static ceiling outside the ground effect: 3100m
interior length: 8700mm
The width of the passenger compartment: 2340mm
Cabin height: 1800mm
The volume of the passenger compartment: 29,5kub.m
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