IL-114 (IL-114). A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Modifications.
IL-114 - type twin-engine turboprop aircraft for regional air lines. For the first time soared 29.03.1990.
December 1 2015, in the Volga Federal District, held its annual meeting with representatives of the presidential envoy to the local media. As background information, which is distributed before the press conference, among other things, it published the news of the resumption of serial production of short-haul aircraft IL-114. This is confirmed by Dmitry Medvedev in his blog on Twitter.
From the history
The initiative to create the regional and unpretentious aircraft was launched in the early 80-ies OKB. Ilyushin. Then the new aircraft planned to replace the exhaust resource An-24. Also, in some areas of the aircraft it was designed to replace Tu-134 и Yak-40.
In 1986 the Council of Ministers of the USSR decided to begin the development of a turboprop, regional jet with a capacity of up to 60 places. The aircraft was operated from short runways and poorly prepared, poorly equipped in the "shtetl" airports.
March 29 1990, the new aircraft made its first flight. The plane began to produce Tashkent Plant (TAPOiCH).
In those difficult years did not have money even for military aircraft. Due to lack of funding delayed certification of the aircraft as much until April 1997 years. The plane finally received Type Certificate 130-114. The plane never went into mass production. It was released 17 machines. Of these, 2 car hit the crash. Seven aircraft operated by Uzbek airlines.
Resumed release of turboprop aircraft, the KLA hopes to enter the world market and to compete in the segment of regional short-haul aircraft. Our main competitors are the Canadian firm Bombardier, Embraer (Brazil) and the Franco-Italian ATR group. This week, the world market in this segment, there was a new player with his plane. This Japanese company Mitsubishi, has introduced a new Regional Jet.
And if the market long-haul aircraft reign supreme Airbus and Boeing, and it seems to us there is nothing to do, that at short distances, we can still take their place under the sun.
In IL-114 has a number of undoubted advantages, which can be thus "skate" on which we can make a bet. Not having time to really work, Il-114 aircraft has earned a respectful nickname - "Rural flight".
The first advantage is the high quality and promising glider. Who for many years will not require significant rework. The second advantage - the autonomy of the aircraft from ground power supply. In the context of the remote is not very rich airfield is a very big plus. Machinery and ground units for powering the boards are quite expensive, requires trained personnel and funds for their maintenance. Another definite plus is the simplicity of the aircraft to the length and quality of the strip. Again, for regional airports is a godsend.
The cost of the machine, according to experts can make 16-17 million. ATR-72 25 million worth. A Dash 8 It surpasses 35 million. dollars. This is a powerful argument for entering the market. The cost of servicing the IL-114 also well below the competition. "Eat" our horse 590 kg \ h fuel, ATR, respectively 800 kg \ hour. A "Canadian" and does 2600 kg \ hour. Although capacity in import counterparts more than the IL-114 quite favorable forecasts for the market competition.
The military also needs
The Ministry of Defence is also interested in the launch of a series of IL-114. Probably follow the order on the specialized aircraft to perform tasks similar to those performed IL-38. The aircraft can be released in the antisubmarine version as a flying laboratory for other tasks.
As the aircraft may be useful as a main machine in the Arctic. Thanks to its performance characteristics it may be indispensable, and for communications with the mainland Arctic military and research bases, and bases for communication between them.
updated Il-114 cabin
Plans to launch a series, in the current tense situation between East and West, is very timely, and fully consistent with the plans of the total import.
Cons also has
And as always, and everywhere, all about money. If a project with the support of the state, how will share the costs for the launch of mass production? According to analysts of group KLA, to start a series, you need a very serious amount - 500 million euros.. For aircraft need modern avionics, avionics. We need more modern engines and screws.
The concern KLA cool embraced the news of IL-114. Its prospects in the domestic market rather vague, experts say. Perhaps they have in mind is almost ready MS-21. But it also has enough problems, and the aircraft is still very "raw".
On the other hand, the project will not fall behind in the field of turbo-engines and aircraft with them. Development and support of the Nizhny Novgorod region and the Volga Federal District, is also not in last place. After a series of run will be at the Nizhny Novgorod aircraft plant.
Deliveries of the base, the passenger version of the Il-114-300, 2019 are scheduled to year. Well, as always, time will tell whether the correct path has been chosen.
Russian President Vladimir Putin in July 2014 was instructed to establish aircraft production for the domestic air travel market. It is possible to move the assembly of aircraft at Samara "Aviacor", but, according to experts, for the conversion of the enterprise and the establishment of production it will take 4-5 years 10 billion. Rubles.
In late August 2014, the reopening of the IL-114 was considered unwise for civil aviation. Update IL-114 old models expected to begin in the year 2015, and an entirely new modification expect to see in Russia to 2019-mu.
History of creation
OKB Ilyushin in the early 80-ies with the initiative proposed to create a new turboprop passenger 60-seater aircraft for regional airlines Il114. While many foreign companies to develop similar aircraft with turboprop - ATR-72, ATR-42, Dash8-300, Fokker50, SAAB2000. The proposed Il114 aircraft project was considered as a replacement for the outdated An24Which at that time did not satisfy the requirements of aviation. Park An24 aircraft quickly began to decline due to development of the resource. Aircraft Il114 appointed as a replacement on a number of regional lines turbojet aircraft Yak40 и Tu134. The initiative was supported by the design office, and 1986 year issued a decree of the Soviet Union Council of Ministers on the development of the aircraft.
Aircraft Il114 intended for use with relatively short runways, which have dense clay or concrete. In its design based on the principle of independence from power sources on the ground, which makes it possible to use it in a poorly equipped airports, thereby increasing the geography of its use.
The aircraft used high-performance wing, which is designed in the bureau, along with TsAGI. Mechanization of the wing, represented by double-slotted flaps makes it possible to land and take off from a runway length of less than 1600 meters. When designing aircraft paid special attention to reduce the noise level in the cabin and on the ground. For this purpose designed CB 34maloshumnye six bladed screws provided with system synchronization in frequency and phase of their rotation. Furthermore, it is increasing the gap between the fuselage skin and the ends of the blades. It is expected in the long term use of theater having a capacity of about 2800 horsepower by plane.
The aircraft is equipped with digital avionics TSPNK-114, having five color multifunction displays, developed by domestic companies, with the assistance NIIAO and Research Institute of the AU. Navigation equipment makes it possible to land in adverse weather conditions (II ICAO category). The aircraft according to customer requirements can be equipped with avionics of foreign manufacture.
Experienced Il114 aircraft first flew 29.03.1990. Aircraft commander was Vyacheslav S. Belousov - honored test pilot. Certification and flight tests conducted in different climatic conditions in Yakutsk, Arkhangelsk and Tashkent. Repeatedly aircraft demonstrated at air shows in Farnborough, Paris, Berlin, Bangalore, Tehran. Due to the "lack of funds" certification process is too long, and only 24.04.1997 year the aircraft was given type certificate number 130-114 by Aviation Register of IAC.
Serial production planned to build on the Tashkent Aviation Production Association named after VP ChkalovWhich created a production capacity of one hundred aircraft annually. Earlier it was planned to produce the planes in Moscow on behalf of the MAPA Dementieva. Air carriers of the CIS countries in the post-Soviet period did not show much interest Il14, serial production of the aircraft and have not gone.
Il114 to 2012 years serially produced at the Tashkent aviation plant (TAPOiCH). Total built 17 machines. Seven planes used in the aviation company "O'zbekiston Ҳavo Yullari".
In 2012 the production of Il114 on TAPOiCH completed, the plant switched to other activities.
Manual "AK Ilyushin" committed to organizing production Il114 in Russia; they estimated that not less than one hundred aircraft Il114 to 2030 years require different departments of the Russian Federation, there are already thirteen Russian airlines preliminary applications for passenger Il48 114.
Aerodynamic configuration is a twin-engine turboprop nizkoplan odnokilevym with feathers and right wing.
The development of the cargo version Il114 started at the end of 1994. Cargo plane Il114T differs from the initial model of the cargo cabin is equipped with a floor-mounted mechanization, which ensures rapid execution of loading and unloading works, and the side door, which is located behind the wing on the left side of the fuselage. The door has dimensions m × 3,25 1,71 meters and opens up. The cabin is equipped with a means of preventing the movement of goods.
The aircraft can carry a different number of pallets or containers, in particular containers 3AK eight-0,6-3 or 1AK, five containers 1AK1,5 eight pallets PA1,5 or four pallet PA3,0. The possibility of transporting bulk cargo.
Flight test pilot of the aircraft started in Tashkent in September 1997 years. Aircraft in August 1997 years demonstrated at the air show MAKS-1997. The aircraft has caused a particular interest due to the fact that in recent years the market has opened cargo planes equipped theater, which are designed to transport loads weighing six to eight tons.
We investigate Il114100T cargo version with Pratt & Whitney engines.
Another name - Il114RS (with HPT PW127H Pratt & Whitney (2 × 2750 horsepower). Flight tests started 26.01.1999, 1999 and in the end it has been registered by the Aviation Register of IAC. It differs from the initial variant of the increased efficiency and a little more in terms of flight range of maximum payload. In 2001, the first three instances of the aircraft became the property of the Uzbek air company «O'zbekiston HavoYo'llari», which ordered ten aircraft. Market airplanes of this modification is estimated at 300 units. On August 30 2011, the aircraft park of «O'zbekiston HavoYo'llari» is 6 machines, five of which have modern avionics komapnii «Collins» (alongside UK91102, opposite the Russian TSPNK).
A flying laboratory based Il114 made in 2004 in Tashkent commissioned by the Scientific and Production Company of St. Petersburg "Radar MMS" in order to test the manufactured equipment. The general public showed MAKS-2005, which carried out a series of demonstration flights.
The aircraft mounted two turboprop engine TV7-117SM whose power 2650 horsepower sshestilopastnymi low-noise propellers SV34.03, auxiliary power to establish TA-1 and flight-navigation digital TSPNK114M2 complex.
IL-114P - patrol version designed for the protection of marine areas and territorial waters. The layout includes a radio-electronic complex "Swift". The aft fairing is magnetometer. The maximum duration of the flight is 10 hours.
IL-114M, compared to the base case has increased the take-off base.
IL-114MA - modification of IL-114M with Canadian engines Pratt-Wethney, allowing to take on board passenger 74.
IL-114 MP - maritime patrol version of the aircraft in the mission which includes combating ships and submarines.
IL-114 FC is designed for military reconnaissance and terrain mapping.
IL-114PR - version designed for electronic intelligence.
IL-140 - aircraft for control of tactical air situation.
IL-140M - a special modification, designed for maritime rescue operations and management of environmental monitoring.
IL-114 interior schemes
Empty weight: 15900kg.
Wing area: 81.9kv.m.
Flight range with maximum load: 1500km.
Engines: 2hP & WCPW127H.
Number of seats: 64mesta.
Maximum takeoff weight: 23500kg.
Maximum landing weight: 23500kg.
Max. payload: 6500kg.
Capacity of fuel tanks: 8360kg.
the run length: 1400m.
path length: 900m.
Specific fuel consumption: 20.8g / pass / km.
Hourly fuel consumption: 590kg.
The width of the passenger compartment: 2.28m.
According to 2008, it was lost in the crash of IL-2 114. The accident occurred in 1993 g (test flight, Ramenskoye) in 1999, the (transportation of cargo, Domodedovo).
IL 114. Gallery.
At the end of 90-ies - $ 7-9 million;
as of 2009 of - $ 12,5 million.
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