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Tu-134
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Tu-134

Tu-134. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.

 

Tu-134 (NATO code "Hard") - Passenger Soviet aircraft for aviation lines of medium and small extent, which developed in the early 1960-ies in the design and experimental Tupolev bureau and serially produced with 1966 on 1984 year for aviation Kharkov production association. He performed the first flight of 29.07.1963, 1967 September of the year in operation. One of the most popular passenger aircraft, which met in the Soviet Union. Total, along with the pre-production and pre-production models, built 854 aircraft of various modifications. The production was completely discontinued in 1989 year. Tu-134 exported to the countries of the socialist camp.

 

Tu-134 landing photo

 

Tu-134 - short-haul passenger aircraft with two bypass turbojet engines D-30 in the series and D-20P-125 on experimental aircraft. Engines are mounted on pylons in the rear fuselage, which reduces to a large extent the noise in the cabin compared to the previous generation aircraft. Horizontal tail is set on the top of the keel (T-shaped tail feathers). Fuel is placed in the integral fuel tank in the wing. Tu-134 has been certified according to international standards. The plane was built in various forms: special purpose vehicles, passenger, flying laboratories. It is also used in the Air Force schools.

Tu-134 made under the scheme of all-metal cantilever nizkoplan and has a swept wing (sweep angle - 35 degrees), placed two engines D-30 different series in the fuselage tail. -Lift - Issued only on the ground spoilers and double-slotted flaps, and; slat no. Fuselage "splagiatirovan" of Tu-124 and longer than seven meters. T-tail. Retractable, tricycle landing gear. A-pillar was removed in a niche in the fuselage, tail - in a specially reserved for this purpose, the nacelle on the wing. Rear racks have two axes.

 

Salon Tu-134

Tu-134 interior photo

By design features of previous versions of the Tu-134 include glassed nose (on the site of the navigator), a center-brake flap. In the modern variations of the aircraft smontirvoana "Groza-134», the radar system. Tu-134 also became the first Soviet jet aircraft, which did not use the cable runs to the rudder (as is usually done on previous models - Tu-16 bombers and Tu-104 and Tu-124 passenger), setting the power and replacing a hard thrust.

Currently aircrafts established resource 40 thousand flight hours, 25 thousand flights over 25 years. In the case of an individual assessment of the state of the resource may be successively increased to 55 thousand flight hours, 32 thousand flights, 40 years.

An interesting feature of the aircraft - the location of the pair of first seat passengers back forward, as in a railway carriage, which has a table between the rows, which are converted to each other. Such a solution is not found any more on any other modern commercial aircraft.

 

Driving cabin Tu-134

Tu-134 interior scheme

Accidents

From unofficial sources and Aviation Safety Network data it is known that at the beginning of the year 2012 because of accidents, disasters, terrorist attacks and instances of lost 78 134-Tu, ten of them as a result of military operations, two - as a result of terrorist attacks. The crash killed a man 1494, 32 of them on the ground or in a collision with the aircraft of other types.

 

Technical characteristics of the Tu-134A

                

  • Crew: four;
  • Passenger: 76 people;
  • Length: 37,1 meters;
  • Wingspan: 29,0 meters;
  • Height: 9,02 meters;
  • The diameter of the fuselage: 2,9 meters;
  • The width of the passenger compartment: 2,71 meters;
  • Cabin height: 1,96 meters;
  • Commercial weight: 8200 kilos;
  • Maximum landing: weight: 43 000 kilos;
  • Takeoff gross weight: 47 000 kilos;
  • Mass fuel vbakah: 13200 kilos;
  • Powerplant: A-30-II (two copies);
  • Rated thrust: 2 x 6800 kilogram * force;
  • Cruising speed: 850 kilometers per hour;
  • Ferry range: 2100 kilometers;
  • Ceiling: 12 100 meters;
  • Length of takeoff: 2200 meters;
  • Pricelist of fuel during takeoff. mode: 8296 kilos per hour;
  • Pricelist fuel in cruise mode: 2300 kilos per hour;
  • Pricelist total fuel: 2907 kilos per hour;
  • Fuel consumption per passenger per kilometer: 45 grams.

 

Specifications TU-134B-3

 

  • Crew: three people;
  • Passenger: 80 people;
  • Length: 37,1 meters;
  • Wingspan: 29,0 meters;
  • Height: 9,02 meters;
  • The diameter of the fuselage: 2,9 meters;
  • The width of the passenger compartment: 2,71 meters;
  • Cabin height: 1,96 meters;
  • Commercial weight: 9000 kilos;
  • Maximum landing: weight: 43 000 kilos;
  • Takeoff gross weight: 47 600 kilos;
  • Weight of fuel in the tanks: 14400 kilos;
  • Powerplant: A-30-IIІ (two copies);
  • Rated thrust: 2 x 6930 kilogram * force;
  • Cruising speed: 880 kilometers per hour;
  • Ferry range: 2020 kilometers;
  • Ceiling: 10 100 meters;
  • Length of takeoff: 2550 meters;
  • Pricelist of fuel during takeoff. mode: 8454,6 kilos per hour;
  • Pricelist fuel in cruise mode: 2062 kilos per hour;
  • Pricelist total fuel: 3182 kilos per hour;
  • Fuel consumption per passenger per kilometer: 45,2 grams.

 

Specifications TU-134 W

 

  • Crew: three people;
  • Passenger: 12 people;
  • Length: 37,1 meters;
  • Wingspan: 29,0 meters;
  • Height: 9,02 meters;
  • The diameter of the fuselage: 2,9 meters;
  • The width of the passenger compartment: 2,71 meters;
  • Cabin height: 1,96 meters;
  • Maximum landing: weight: 43 000 kilos;
  • Takeoff gross weight: 47 000 kilos;
  • Weight of fuel in the tanks: 16500 kilos;
  • Powerplant: A-30-II (two copies);
  • Rated thrust: 2 x 6800 kilogram * force;
  • Cruising speed: 885 kilometers per hour;
  • Ferry range: 1890 kilometers;
  • Ceiling: 11900 meters;
  • Takeoff run: 2200 meters.

 

Tu-134. Gallery.

Tu-134 1 photoTu-134 2 photoTu-134 3 photo

Tu-134 4 photoTu-134 5 photoTu-134 6 photo

Tu-134 7 photoTu-134 8 photoTu-134 9 photo

Tu-134 10 photoTu-134 11 photoTu-134 12 photo

 

Tu-134

View all planes ...

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✈Tu-204 - TU-204
✈Tu-214 - TU-214
✈Tu-334 - TU-334

Comments

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very beautiful car! in youth often flew ney.dumal them anymore in the sky and the day before yesterday went to look Aprelevka landing our handsome !!! confident that our aircraft are not worse but better than any foreign whatnot but unfortunately the cave in under the West Shoot

You prav.Mne too, in his youth had to fly on so many planes, and my favorite - It TU.TU-104,124,134.Nedavno happened to Boeing - the thrill of flying there at all, just sitting in some room ...

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