ATR 72 (APR 72)
ATR 72 - family near and medium-range turboprop passenger aircraft, destined for regional and local airlines.
Aircraft ATR 72, developed by the French-Italian aircraft Concern «Avions de Transport Regional», as a continuation of a family of short-haul aircraft ATR 42. The ATR family of aircraft capable of carrying up to 72 74 passengers at a distance of two thousand kilometers at a cruising speed 460 kilometers per hour.
The main difference from the aircraft ATR 72 aircraft ATR 42It is extended to 4,5 meters, fuselage, wing span larger, and the presence of more powerful turboprop engines. Also on the ATR aircraft 72, used by a large proportion of composite materials, the weight of which is up to 20 percent by weight of the airframe.
The aircraft is built on the principle of high-wing monoplane with a trapezoidal shape, and "T" -shaped tail. two turbovintelyatornyh engine mounted under the wings.
Design work on the ATR aircraft 72, 1985 began in the year, during the start of operation of aircraft ATR 42-300.
The first prototype of the aircraft received the designation ATR 72-100 and was equipped with motors PW124B company «Pratt & Whitney».
For the first time the ATR aircraft 72 prototype flew on October 27 1988 years. In Europe
the aircraft was certified in September 1989 years. In October of the same year began to supply aircraft to airlines. The first commercial operator of the aircraft carrier has become the Finnish «KAR AIR». The first production model of the ATR aircraft with engines PW72B 124 2400 hp capacity, was designated as ATR 72-200, and was capable of carrying up to 66 passengers. In 1992 year, the consortium released a modified version of the basic model - ATR 72-210, equipped with more powerful engines Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127 power 2750 hp and increased cargo door. Improved version allows you to place in his cabin until 74 seats. Also, this version was better suited to regions with hot climates with high ambient temperatures.
In January, a new version of the aircraft was certified 1997 years, designated as ATR 72-212A. In this version of the installed engines turbovintelyatornye PW127F, equipped with six-bladed propellers. Later this version was renamed ATR 72-500. Other improvements in the modification concerned increased automation, installing newer avionics, as well as increasing capacity.
In 2007 October, it was announced on the production version of the ATR 72-600. Deliveries of the airline, which began in the year 2010. This version is equipped with new engines PW127M, which on takeoff power to 5% effective previous engines. On ATR 72-600, in the cockpit is equipped with modern navigation equipment and avionics manufacturing Thales Group. Now all the flight information displayed on five multifunctional LCD screens. Also, to improve the safety of flight by plane multi-purpose computer is used (MPC).
Its first flight ATR 72-600 24 made July 2009 years. The first company to order new aircraft carrier became the «Royal Air Maroc Express». And in October 2011, the airline «Air New Zealand» Acquired 11 aircraft ATR 72-600.
Also based on the ATR aircraft 72, were released, luxury, cargo and transportation modifications.
To date built about 615 ATR 72 family aircraft.
Technical characteristics of the aircraft ATR 72:
The first flight of ATR 72: 28 1988 October, the
Production Years: c 1988 years
Length: 27,16 m.
Height: 7,65 m.
Empty weight: 12500 kg.
Wing area: 61 sq.m.
Wingspan: 27,05 m.
Cruising speed: 460 km / h..
Maximum speed: 530 km / h..
Ceiling: 7600 m.
Practical range: 2200 km.
Ferry range: 3600 km.
Length of takeoff: 1220 m.
path length: 1050 m.
Engines: 2 theater PW124B, PW127F
Crew: 2 people
Number of passengers: up to 74 seats in economy class
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