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Tu-116
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Tu-116

Tupolev Tu-116

 

Tupolev Design Bureau developed passenger aircraft increased comfort under the name Tu-116 based bomber Tu-95. The aforementioned bomber was reconstructed into a passenger for long-haul flights. This machine was made in two copies in a fairly short passages. In addition, the Tu-116 produced in the event of failure of the project Tu-114, which is being developed at the time.

The Tu-116 20 was able to transport passengers. On board machine has a kitchen, a room for crew rest and toilet. This machine has been painted in the colors of civil aviation. The cockpit was completely airtight structure.

Tu-116

This machine is designed as a plane for transportation of the high command anywhere in the world. To do this, the passenger compartment unit was made more comfortable than the standard devices of this class. First of all planned flights to Cuba, but in the end this machine is not widely used. Today Tu-116 stayed in a single copy in a museum in the city of Ulyanovsk.

Brief History of the Tu-116

For the first time this machine has made separation from the runway in May 1957 years. Initially, the initial model existed as a heavy bomber. Factory testing of the ship have been launched in the autumn of 57 years. In these tests, the device has carried out a long flight over a distance of 8,6 thousand kilometers from the city of Chkalov and back to Irkutsk. Most importantly, the plane was not refueled or boarded. After flying machines left in the tanks fuel, which should be enough to 3 thousand kilometers of flight. The average flight speed in this test was about 800 km / h.

Tu-116 back

During these tests the test flights were carried out repeatedly. It is considered to be the longest flight with three fill-ups, which resulted in the aircraft flying a little more than 34 thousand kilometers. These devices are mainly used in conjunction with the Air Force bomber regiment. If the machine was completed in 89, after which it was transferred to the museum.

Design Features of the Tu-116

When designing and building the plane had to carry loads of up to 400 kilos and passengers to 24 people. On board was present big enough cabin crew, among whom were cooks and stewards. The plane had two passenger cabin. In the first it was established comfortable sofas for 8 people, and the second was intended for members of the government and had only 3-4 place. In addition to all the passengers and crew aboard the plane were placed as guards, whose number could be up to 12 people.

When the car was created from the original aircraft, all the weapons were removed. Due to this, the interior space increased where a wardrobe and a toilet room were installed. As it is a passenger car, in the sides of the device were made portholes. In the vestibule near the cockpit of the pilots there was an entrance hatch, which could be used for evacuation in emergency situations. In addition, a compartment was located in the tail section of the aircraft, in which illuminating bombs and an emergency drop parachute were placed. These systems are used in emergency or unforeseen situations.

Tu-116 cabin

On the Tu-116 airplane, additional oil tanks were installed. This was done for the reason that the original model of the aircraft was characterized by a high consumption of lubricating fluids. At that time the Tu-116 was equipped with the newest on-board systems, which provided the best and most comfortable flight of the car. This station was equipped with a radio station of the type "Helium" and a radio station of the type 1-RBS. In addition, in the cockpit there were two radio compasses and a radio altimeter model PB-17. The aircraft had a blind landing system called "Mainland" and the radar system "Rubidium-MM." For a comfortable flight in the passenger compartment, a new radar "Mir" was installed. In the event of an emergency situation over water bodies, the airplane has the possibility of splashdown. For this situation, lifeboats and trays of the LAS-5 type were placed on the aircraft. The fuel system of the aircraft could accommodate 77,8 tons of fuel and provided a flight range of 11,1 thousand kilometers. The fuel tanks had a soft structure, and there were 66 pieces on board.

With regard to flight characteristics, this airplane model virtually any no way inferior TU-95. The downside of the new device was the lack of feathering propellers that conducted to the problems with the management. In the future, the aircraft was equipped with modified engines. Another feature was that control the aircraft Tu-116 could only highly qualified pilots. The main problem, which did not allow the aircraft into series production, was the creation of passenger aircraft Tu-114, which was much better.

Tu-116 characteristics:



Modification Tu-116
Wingspan, m 54.10
Aircraft Length m 46.17
Height, m 15.50
Wing area, m2 311.10
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 93500
maximum take-off 182000
Fuel l 77800
engine's type 4 theater Kuznetsov NK-12MV
Power, hp X 4 15000
Maximum speed km / h 900
Cruising speed, km / h 800
Ferry range, km 11190
Practical range, km 10750
Practical ceiling, m 12000
Crew 7-8
Payload: 24 400 kg passengers and baggage up to a maximum 60 passengers

 

Tu-116 video

 

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