DHC-2 Beaver (Beaver) is a light single-engine multi-purpose aircraft, developed by the Canadian company «de Havilland Canada». Aircraft DHC-2 Beaver, has short distances run and run and belongs to aeronautical engineering class STOL (Short takeoff and landing). As the chassis on the plane can be fitted wheels, floats or skis. This is achieved by the ability to operate the aircraft from unprepared landing sites located in remote areas and wildland.
In addition, "Beaver" is a simple, reliable construction, undemanding in operation and economical to maintain. All this has made DHC-2, one of the most successful and popular aircraft in small aircraft. Scope of this aircraft is extensive. It is used in passenger and cargo transportation, agricultural and aviahimicheskih works, search and rescue and hiking expeditions, as well as the Air Force as a light transporter and the training aircraft.
Work on designing DHC-2 started by «de Havilland Canada» in September 1946 in the city of Toronto. The aircraft was all-metal body with vysokoraspolozhennym right wing. On the plane was set to the motor Pratt & Whitney Canada R-985AN Wasp Junior power 450 hp Aircraft with this engine was the base modification and received the designation Beaver I.
Its first flight DHC-2 16 made August 1947 years. By plane ran pilot Bennok Russell (Russell "Russ" Bannock). After the end of the test program in March 1948, the aircraft was certified. The basic version of the aircraft Beaver I, is located six passenger seats or in the transport version was able to carry up to 680 kilogram payload.
In the future, the plane set different engines. For example, in Ontario the company «Airtech Canada of Peterborough» has been modified several units DHC-2. In particular they have been installed engines Polish PZL-3S production capacity 600 hp with four-with screws. This modification was designated DHC-2 / PZL-3S.
Also, several planes were produced with RT6A-6 578 hp motors This version of the aircraft received the designation Turbo-Beaver III and possessed in his cabin ten passenger seats.
DHC-2 Beaver production was completed in the year 1967. Total was built 1657 aircraft units that operated in more than fifty countries around the world. But, despite the fact that the plane is not made, it is still in operation and is in high demand and the pilots respect.
Technical characteristics of the aircraft DHC-2 Beaver
The first flight DHC-2 Beaver: 16 1947 years in August
Production Years: c 1947 1967 year on year
Length: 9,25 m.
Height: 2,74 m.
Wingspan: 14,63 m.
Empty weight: 1293 kg.
Wing area: 23,23 sq.m.
Cruising speed: 230 km / h..
Maximum speed: 260 km / h..
Ceiling: 5500 m.
Range: 750 km.
Engines: 1 Pratt Whitney R-985AN
Crew: 1 people
Number of seats: 6 places
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