Cessna 180 Skywagon. Characteristic. Modifications. A photo
Cessna 180 Skywagon (Heavenly carriage) - small-engine single-engine multi-purpose aircraft, operated for passenger transportation and private use.
Development of a new small-engine aircraft Cessna 180 Skywagon began in the early 50-ies of the last century, and in 1952 year, the aircraft made its first flight, and after another 8 months came in mass production.
Photo Cessna 180 Skywagon
Initially it was assumed that the project of the aircraft Cessna 180 Skywagon will be linked to the need to replace 170-th model, however, later American aircraft came to the conclusion that the aircraft may be claimed as an individual model, with its own characteristics and aircraft performance characteristics that ultimately occurred.
Cessna 180 Skywagon photo
Initially, the aircraft Cessna 180 Skywagon issued quadruple, but later, due to the expansion of space in the cockpit, aircraft designers have added two additional seats and installed on the aircraft more powerful engine, which is why the plane had could easily be used for private passenger traffic at a distance of about 1.5 thousand kilometers.
The fuselage of small-engine aircraft Cessna 180 Skywagon is an all-metal, in some places trimmed with leather to provide a more efficient flight performance (maneuverability, stability, etc.). Racks used as stops between the cockpit and the wings of the aircraft structure gave the necessary rigidity, thus, virtually reducing the aerodynamic performance.
Cabin Cessna 180 Skywagon
As the power plant, on airplanes Cessna 180 Skywagon used 6-cylinder piston engine Continental O-470-A capacity 225 hp (early release), or Continental O-470-K, with a capacity of 230 hp
In December 1956 years, US aircraft manufacturers presented modernizirvoannuyu version of the small-engine aircraft - Cessna 180A Skywagon, which set a new engine Continental O-470-K 230 hp capacity, which increased the maximum take-off weight of the aircraft to 1202 kg.
Cessna Model 180V Skywagon did not differ from its predecessor, however, aircraft designers have provided the aircraft an additional option - the ability to install the floating chassis, which allows pilots to land even on the water.
Cessna 180 Skywagon float on the chassis picture
Modifications Cessna 180S Skywagon, Cessna 180D Skywagon, Cessna 180E Skywagon and Cessna 180F Skywagon floor essence does not differ among themselves, except for a number of optional solutions in the cockpit (a modified steering wheel, adjustable seats, etc.). These models began to be installed piston aircraft engines Continental O-470-L and Continental O-470-R, which at constant power, were more simple and reliable in operation.
Introduced in 1963 model year light-engine aircraft Cessna 180G Skywagon became 6-local, and a maximum take-off weight of the aircraft was already 1270 kilos. It has undergone a number of changes and the design of the fuselage - aircraft manufacturers made it stronger and more rigid.
Cessna 180 Skywagon photo
Model of small-engine aircraft Cessna 180H Skywagon received new avionics and was able to land on the water surface when installing the float chassis that came in the kit to the aircraft.
Aircraft Cessna 180I Skywagon and was not allowed into mass production as a bad marketing move developers led to a strong rise in the cost of the aircraft, which affected the orders.
In 1972 year, aircraft manufacturers have presented a model Cessna 180J Skywagon, offering the best maneuverability and a new engine without changing the power, and after another 4 year in 1976, was presented the latest version of this range of light-aircraft - Cessna 180K Skywagon, equipped with a new engine, more fit used for aviation fuel.
In total, over the period of 1953 1981 year 6193 produced aircraft of this series, of which is currently used little more than 4 thousand.
Specifications Cessna 180 Skywagon.
- Crew: 1 people:
- Passenger capacity: 3-5 people (depending on version);
- aircraft Length: 7,85 m .;
- Wingspan: 10,95 m .;
- Plane Height: 2,36 m .;
- Weight of empty aircraft: 771 kg .;
- Payload: 499 kg. (Depending on the modification);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 1270 kg. (Depending on the modification);
- Cruising speed: 263 km \ h. (Depending on the modification);
- Maximum flight speed: 274 km \ h. (Depending on the modification);
- Maximum flight distance: 1648 km. (Depending on the modification);
- Maximum flight height: 5400 m .;
- aircraft engine type: a piston;
- Powerplant: Continental O-470-U (depending on version);
- Power: 230 hp (Depending on version).
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