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Monitoring aircraft
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Monitoring aircraft

Monitoring aircraft

 

The terms "monitoring" and "monitoring system" does not currently have a clear standardized definition. However, monitoring is very widely used and studied in various fields of practical and scientific activities. From a theoretical point of view it can be considered as a kind of monitoring of the scientific and practical multi-disciplinary nature of the phenomenon with its own characteristics in each display area of ​​practical and scientific activities.

The heterogeneity of the achieved level of development and the intensity of the use of monitoring in various fields of activity and the lack of a standardized classification of existing monitoring systems cause some difficulty in correctly formulating these concepts in relation to such a complex and multifaceted field of activity as GA. However, the existence of a sufficiently high level of uniformity in the construction of state regulation systems for aviation activities, a significant level of development of monitoring in various areas of the aviation sector, and the practical testing of standardized approaches to monitoring (largely in technical regulation) allow defining these concepts while preserving the necessary aspects of the community, That is, taking into account the specific features of other areas of practical and scientific activity.

Monitoring of the international and state regulation of aviation activity - it is a relatively independent hierarchical system which:

  • It consists of a specially organized and orderly methods and means of collection (registration, measurement), processing, analysis, storage, storage, accessing and disseminating information on aviation operations, or its individual components;

  • It operates in accordance with the standardized requirements laid down in the relevant regulations to

  • Document for each hierarchical level and in relation to specific objects of regulation;

  • provides the ability to assess and forecast the development of the state, development and adoption of decisions on the management of the entire aviation activities at each level of the hierarchy, every object of regulation and their individual components.

Hierarchical and commitment monitoring system at international and state regulation of aviation activities (hereinafter - Monitoring System) is a consequence of the hierarchy of building management activities, the hierarchy of objects and the need for regulation of the organization of information for management activities.

Rational (based on the well-known prigovorok as "too much information just as harmful, as well as its lack of" or "a lot of data but little information") level of monitoring corresponds to the situation when in fact sold volumes and modes of data collection, as well as the rate of processing and analysis of the available information meets the needs of solving rate regulation.

If the available information can not be processed quickly in the event of the need for a decision or if it is not sufficient for the preliminary status indication object (especially dangerous and immediate threat to the carrier) and for making efficient with an acceptable level of efficiency of the decision, a monitoring system should recognize unbalanced.

At the international level practically implemented quite special aspects of monitoring (eg mandatory notification ICAO about the differences in the application SARPs Or on the inclusion of the Armed Forces in the State Register, registration of interstate agreements on air transportation), as well as its sufficiently developed systems. Thus, due to a significant increase in the volume of air transportation for many national CAA, the loading on the supervision of the compliance of the national Operators with the requirements of the minimum standards established by the ICAO has increased, and also the maintenance of the effectiveness and efficiency of the system of state regulation of aviation activities. To strengthen mutual trust between the signatories of the Chicago Convention, a number of programs are developing at the international level, characterizing which, it is possible to reflect a corresponding number of features of monitoring systems of this level of the aviation sphere.

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