Saratov Aviation Plant
SAZ (Saratov Aviation Plant) - the former aircraft construction enterprises of Saratov to 2011 years function. Manufactures aircraft experimental design bureau Yakovlev - historic World War II fighters and Yak-3 Yak-1Passenger Yak-42, Yak-40Yak-38 (deck aircraft with vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) as well as helicopters and other aircraft design bureaus.
History of the plant
The period before the war and the Great Patriotic War
A decision was made in the establishment of 1929 Saratov factory for the manufacture of agricultural machinery. On the basis of this production it was subsequently established aircraft plant. The date of foundation of the Saratov plant harvesting, and later the Saratov Aviation Plant is officially 1931 year.
The staff of the factory in the first six years of hard work has made a large share in the development of agriculture in Siberia, the Volga region and in the Far East, producing more copies of 39000 hlebouborochnoy technology. Because of the threat of a military attack on the Soviet union Saratov Combine Plant in 1937 was redirected to issue aircraft, received the name "Plant № 292 NCAP."
The first plane took off from the airfield plant 28.10.1938 - it was the P-10, high speed reconnaissance, has a huge planes for its class at the time the speed in kilometers per hour 370.
And-28, fighter VP Yatsenko construction in July 1939 made a test flight. It was the first Soetskom Union aircraft-engine air-cooled, which is at an altitude meters 5000 576 showed speed in kilometers per hour.
The plant in June 1940 within three months was requested to establish serial production Yak-1, created by AS Yakovlev, while still a young aircraft designer. The first three copies Yak in October 1940 rose into the air.
Saratov aircraft manufacturers with the beginning of World War II to work hard supplying fighters to the front. In 1943v during a night raid by German bombers destroyed 70 percent of the production area of the plant. The staff of the factory continued to operate under open sky. At the same time recovering the body was reorganized, created konveyerno- production lines, and after eighty days of hard work production aircraft reached the previous level. During the period of the war the plant produced more than 13 thousand Yak and Yak-3-1.
The second half of the twentieth century
After the war, cooperation Yakovlev and Saratov Aviation Plant continued. 19.04.1946 was first tested Yak-11 trainer aircraft.
30.04.1949 test plant produced La-15, the first jet fighter aircraft designed by Lavochkin SA. He had an unusually low weight, for jet aircraft - all 3850 kilos, top speed - 1026 kilometers per hour, was relatively easy to manage.
Mi 28.05.1952-4, helicopter construction Mikhail Mil Design Bureau passed the final factory testing, and since December 1952, the plant began mass production of this helicopter. Mi-4 widely used in the national economy of the Soviet Union as health, passenger, to work in the Antarctic and the Arctic, and to extinguish forest fires. On the Mi-4 it was set seven world records. The Brussels World Fair, this helicopter was awarded a gold medal.
The decision to start production at the Saratov Aviation Plant 11D (B-750B), controlled anti-aircraft missiles, part of the first mobile of S-75 developed at the Moscow Design Bureau "Torch" under the direction of PD Grushin was taken in early 1956 years. First made missiles saz 1959 year have been tested successfully and started their exports (mainly the armies of foreign countries). The first launch of a paramilitary held 07.10.1959.
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