Civil Aviation of Russia: yesterday and today
Civil aviation Russia is rather complicated multi-purpose industry with a very large and diverse fleet of aircraft, a fairly extensive network of airports, educational and scientific institutions. In addition, it has a lot of repair shops, an extensive system of air traffic control, as well as several other structures which provide its vital functions.
Air transport is a certain type of transport, which transports both passengers and goods by air. For this type of transport is characterized by a high-speed transportation, as well as the ability to overcome big enough distances. First of all, it is used for the delivery of goods is very urgent and difficult areas, which simply is not possible to get any other way.
Civil aviation for quite a long time is one of the most important parts of the transport system throughout the Russian Federation, which fully meets the needs of the country in air transport. Due to the rather large size of the country, air transport plays a very important socio-economic function, providing the necessary access to even the most remote corners of Russia.
The most important parameters that determine the quality of life of the population, is the availability of transport services. The share of air transport accounts for more than eighty percent of passengers in international traffic. In this regard, the task of effective development and improve the competitiveness of the air transport of the Russian Federation is one of the primary, creating the necessary conditions for effective growth.
Effective and rapid development of civil aviation began only in the early twentieth century, with the establishment of such types of aircraft as aircraft.
A particularly important role air transport plays in the lives of poor developed regions of the Far East and Siberia, where he is on a par with the seasonal river transport is often the only means of communication.
Civil air transport market is now highly competitive enough. State regulation takes place only at the stage of setting tariffs for services provided by terminal building. The prices for all other types of services provided by carriers, are formed based on supply and demand.
Today, Russian airline successfully compete with Western, this is due to the fact that domestic carriers are actively developing a system chartenyh, ie non-scheduled services of its citizens.
The largest aircenter Russia is, of course, Moscow, because it is at four airports of this city has to almost thirty percent of all passengers carried by air transport. After Moscow's biggest air transport hubs are Saint Petersburg, Samara, Ufa and Yekaterinburg.
At this time, unfortunately, the Russian civil aviation industry is in deep crisis, and even adopted a strategy aimed at developing this area practically does not change the status quo. To start again the civil aviation industry to actively develop, you need to create an integrated approach to the development of this sector and the introduction of new advanced technologies. It is such a program and to lay the government over the next few years.
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