Hamburg Aviation Plant
The plant itself is located on the banks of the river Elbe near Hamburg. In addition to the assembly hangar in the vast territory also has the body design and engineering bureau. Total factory in Hamburg 19 thousand people.
Of the thirty-six airplanes and thirty-three-thirty-four gather in Hamburg, of them 1,8 A380 copies per month. In Hamburg in December 2009 year produced a record number of aircraft - sixty-two.
Angara, where finally collected A380 currently closed to visitors. Passing from one shed to another may view all the main aircraft manufacturing stages: from a structural framework to brilliant glare of the airliner, which may have to inspect the customer.
On the territory of the plant is strictly forbidden to take pictures.
So what is the process of final assembly of the aircraft?
The main part of the cabin is produced in different countries:
Germany Tail - (Hamburg, Bremen);
in Spain - the nose of the "
in Germany and France - the elements directly to the fuselage;
in the UK - the wings.
then Airbus A300, One of the largest transport and cargo aircraft of the world, also known as Beluga cabin constituent elements transporitruyut to Hamburg Aviation Plant Name Beluga related to the shape of the aircraft body, is very reminiscent of the beluga whale (not to be confused in any case with the fish, beluga!) . Just Mier made five such aircraft, one of them is used in the cargo commercial aviation, that is transmitted to the external market, and four work to meet the needs of its own production for the Airbus plants. Every working plane during the working day to make up to three to five flights between enterprises corporation Airbus. Over the past five years, Boeing uses the same transport plane DreamLifter, earlier they used transportation via railway.
Loading and unloading of items held in an orderly and smoothly:
Now a little about the activities of individual departments.
Shop number 1.
Is the assembly shop to interconnect parts of the fuselage:
Shop number 2.
It is the location in which runs the filling cabin electronics and other systems. All operations are carried out manually! No robots or conveyors, as in automobile factories, not here. Each hangar present display stands, monitors with a short video about what's going on here. Everywhere there is cleanliness and order, the impressive cranes, and tractors. Almost everywhere you can come very close, and the process to consider in detail. One thing just to fly a plane, but very different to see such a variety of different hoses, wires, connectors, which are almost always tested on the aircraft.
Here it hangs stand, which shows clearly the quality of the assembly made. Every nut or bolt strip is marked with a specialized paint, allowing to see in the regulation, not a relationship unwind. Also in the hanging position is a fragment of an electrical harness - it is very carefully collected and clamps will attract little if any through centimeter, which guarantees resistance to vibration. Separately, talk about the huge list of tests and the produced quality control and that the plane passes at each stage of construction. That's excellent build quality is an assurance that the aircraft will serve successfully allotted operational life, constituting aachastuyu at least twenty-five years.
Shop number 3.
Here comes the cockpit and the fuselage with wings joint. The tail in this shop already painted in the colors of the customer, the airline that is still in the early stages of production already used an individual approach, for example, applied decals. And here are the constituent elements of these different shades of green that determine the country of manufacture of a composite element (Spain, Germany, France, England).
Shop number 4.
And finally the last stage directly mounted - installation engines. Engines come from different manufacturers depending on the specific model and the customer's wishes (Snecma CFM, IAE, Rolls-Royce, Pratt & Whitney, General Electric).
Shop number 5.
In the last hangar there is a complete painting of all parts of the aircraft, it is closed to the public. On site Nearby are ready for delivery and final inspection by the customer ready planes. It is interesting to note the wide variety of liveries of airlines from around the world.
At the moment, the family of Airbus aircraft, the most popular in the world - it A320. Now they have made almost 4500 copies. At the moment, the entire order is 6700 What kind of crisis for Airbus products in general can be a question ?! :)
An interesting fact is that China has bought more than 1200 A320 type aircraft.
The development and design of A380 took about ten years, as a result of the cost of the program was about 12 billion euros. Airbus argues that in order to return the money spent on the development and construction of A380 necessary to realize 420 aircraft, although other estimates of independent analysts, not working on the Airbus figure could be much higher. In terms of a passenger A380 Fuel consumption 17 percent less than the "Boeing-747". It should be in every plane pave astronomical figure 530 kilometers of wiring: 100 000 separate current-carrying wires and 40 300 connecting them. The cost of the aircraft 430 million. dollars.
The rear and front section of the fuselage sink ro tilting the vessel «Ville de Bordeaux», belonging to the Airbus, Hamburg (North Germany), from where they are sent to the UK. Console wing, made in Bravtine, a town located in North Wales and Filton, a town located in Bristol, then transported by barge to the Mastin which together with the existing sections of the «Ville de Bordeaux» immerses them aboard. Then the ship going down for some more sections in Saint-Nazaire, a town situated in Western France, and after the ship unloads in Bordeaux.
Then the boat takes on board your tail section and the lower part of the fuselage in Cadiz, a town located in southern Spain, and delivers them to Bordeaux. From there, the constituent elements A380 transported by barge to Langon, the town is located in the Gironde, and then overland transport to the assembly hall in Toulouse. new barges and canals built to transport the individual elements A380 roads were widened. After all this, the planes are sent to Hamburg, where oboruduyutsyai painted.
A380 able to make non-stop flights on distance to 15 200 kilometers. Pasaazhirovmestimost - 525 people in three classes of cabin, 853 passenger in a single-class configuration. In single-class layout already made two copies of the aircraft.
That's the way going A380 Airbus assembly process.
Overall - this is a stunner: the ability to live to see the process, go through the assembly hangar, where a breathtaking scale by all that is happening.
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