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Antonov An-2. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.
Antonov An-2 a multipurpose biplane with a small distance off and landing, designed primarily for use as a light transport aircraft, as well as its application in agriculture.
The idea of developing an aircraft capable of taking off and landing in remote and sparsely populated areas of the USSR, was launched back in the year 1940 Oleg Antonov.
An 2 photo
However, Antonov project in February 1941 has been rejected due to low flying speed of the proposed aircraft. But in January 16 1946 years, yet was given permission to build a low-speed biplane Antonov, and first of all to lift the economy in the postwar years. Already 6 March this year, adopted a resolution on the creation of the design team, EDO-153, for the construction of a single-engine, transport and cargo biplane with a small length of the run. It was supposed to release two versions of the aircraft.
The first version of the ball should be for military transport purposes and have the engine AL-62IR, and the second version of the engine AL-21, intended for agricultural purposes. In July, the first model of the plane was built 1947 years, received the designation CX-1. The first flight of the aircraft fitted with engines AL-62IR Shevtsova design makes test pilot P. N. Volodin, August 31 1947 years. Flying with this engine were made before September 10 1947, after which, on the aircraft model has been installed the engine AL-21. After all the factory tests, October 4 1947 years, the aircraft was handed over to the state commission for the state tests.
In 1948, after all the tests, the An-2 aircraft entered the flight operation. And initially it began to be used in the treatment of rural fields.
The code word NATO air ships (NATO reporting names), An-2 aircraft received the designation «Colt», which translated means "colt". The people, the aircraft received the name of "maize", as used in large quantities during the sowing of corn fields in times of Khrushchev in the Soviet Union.
An interior 2
Originally developed as an aircraft for agricultural work, An-2 became very fast multi-purpose aircraft - ranging from piloting skills training to military applications in passenger traffic on domestic routes.
Biplane An-2 has the following modifications:
An-2SKH - for farm work
An-2F - for aerial photography
An-2T - transport version
An-2TD - amphibious transport modification
An-2TP - freight passenger version
A 2PP - fire option, with water floats
An-2V - version with floats to carry out landing on the water surface.
There have also been released, such as the modification of the An-3, with an engine HPT-20, the water version of the An-4 with float landing gear and weather reconnaissance An-6.
In addition to the USSR and then Russia and Ukraine, the aircraft was manufactured in Poland and China.
An interior 2
And if in Poland and Russia production of these aircraft is suspended, China continues its production. On the Chinese model set HS-5 engine, engine AL-analogue 62IR. An Chinese-2, received the designation Shijiazhuang Y-5. Just a year China produced more than 20 these machines. In Ukraine today resumed AN-2 edition, but only in the upgraded version. In 2013 year at the state enterprise "Antonov" in Kiev, it started testing a modernized version of the An-2-100. In this version of the aircraft turboprop engine installed MS-14, developed by Ukrainian company PJSC "Motor Sich".
Due to the fact that the biplane AN-2, easy to use, economical, able to take off from unprepared unpaved airfields and has a small length of the run, and run, in 2012, the decision was made to the Russian Federation Ministry of Transport, to hold in 2015, the deep modernization of up to a thousand AN-2. This upgrade includes the replacement of engines, increased range and the installation of modern air navigation equipment.
To date, it produced more than 18 thousand aircraft An-2, various modifications.
Technical characteristics of the AN-2:
First flight: August 31 1947 years
Years of mass production: c 1947 until now.
Length: 12,70 m.
Height (land): 4,13 m.
Empty weight: 3400 - 3700 kg.
The total wing area: 71,52 sq.m.
The scope of the upper wing: 18,17 m.
The scope of the lower wing: 14,20 m.
Cruising speed: 180-190 km / h..
Stall speed:. 60 km / h.
Maximum speed: 255 km / h..
Ceiling: 4500 m.
Range: 990 km.
Length of takeoff: 150 - 235 m.
path length: 140 - 225 m.
Engines: 1 piston engine AL-62IR
Crew: 2 person
Number of seats: 12 places
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