Tu-324 production OKB Tupolev A is used as a passenger carrier on local airlines.
Start of development falls on 90-ie, when engineers from the Bureau received a job designing dvadtsatimestnogo passenger aircraft Tu-20 the presence engine with a pusher propeller. TU and TU-20-400 (turbofan engines) have been elaborated in the thumbnail versions, but never went beyond that. Leaders of the CB still not ceased to cherish the hope to establish a passenger aircraft of this class. In February 1996, the Russian government decided to establish inter-regional passenger liner on 50, which after a short time was marked Tu-324.
In July this year the Commission presented the state prototyping model of the future aircraft. After scrutiny the project approved. After this stage ASTC (Aviation Scientific-Technical Complex) began designing a full-scale aircraft Tu-324. At the moment, the design bureau is preparing working drawings for the airplane systems and chassis for transporting them to the factory mass production. Chief Designer V. Dmitriev assesses the training "good". Fuel efficiency will ship within 23,6-24,3. It should be noted, however, that the aircraft is promising in terms of the introduction of satellite communications technologies (navigation, landing, communication, control in the air).
Tu-324 relates to regional aircraft. Russia, with the help of Ukraine, and Uzbekistan, has designed several of this class and with the same dimension of air vehicles (Ahn and Il-140-114). Although such units already exist, according to experts, the Tu-324 considered quite promising. This is due not only to the domestic market, but also with the outside. In comparison with similar projects can be confidently noted significant benefits Tupolev aircraft.
Tu-324 equipped with turbojet power plant, unlike turboprops IL-114 and An-140. It is thanks to high speed aircraft will be able to strengthen its position in the niche of machines of this class. But due to lack of funds (the project at this stage of development is funded by the Republic of Tatarstan) project constructed not only slow, but also hanging in doubt.
Tu-324 is the first major Russian project, which is funded without government support, and not one of the planned programs. Because of this, a draft plan of the aircraft in the Russian aircraft industry on 2025 year is not included.
The project is implemented by the payment of the money from oil exports. The aircraft is the first project that is created through the implementation of raw materials. But even in this sector there were gaps in funding due to the fall in the market price of oil. In turn, designing and building the plane is now directly dependent on investment from Tatarstan.
According to experts of the completion of major development projects in general will cost 300-350 million. The approximate time for completion - up to four years.
In the future, the construction and sale of more than 130 copies of the sample. The dynamics of creating the aircraft is aimed at increasing the sales volume each year.
During the design of the Tu-324 emphasis on the introduction of advanced technologies and computer-aided design. The use of such a scheme staffing is found only in the two world companies "Airbus Industry" and "Boeing". GosNIIGA representatives said that the draft of the aircraft should be carried out, such as the need for local 50-liner there.
The design of the future Tu-324
The liner will be constructed on the aerodynamic configuration. This nizkoplan will have a moderate wing sweep and T-tail, reinforced tricycle landing gear with a nose strut. The basis of the power plant will be part of the two turbofan AI-22, which are designed in Design Office "Progress". They knead on the pylons in the rear. In the future, it provides a hardware perspective engines P-126-300 because of their increased power.
We consider several variations salon layout. At the moment there are three:
- Travel (52 designed for passenger);
- Mixed (divided into two classes - 46 people);
- Administrative (to be used for high officials and prominent politicians from the 8 19 up seats).
The airplane has avionics cockpit, similar to the unified Tu and Tu-204-334. Elektroradiodistantsionnaya system in conjunction with the flight and navigation system provides a virtually complete automated samoletovozhdenie. It also promotes the planting of the second category of ICAO.
According to preliminary calculations technical resource Tu-324 very high, as it is defined in the 60 000 hours of flight at the time of landing 45 000. The same calculation operation calculates the liner without overhaul gradations assigned technical resources. Built-in control will allow for physical inspection repair crews to view technical details of the aircraft.
Tu-324 - passenger version of the aircraft.
Tu-324A - the administrative version of the cabin. The difference with the base model is shortened by two meters, and the availability of additional fuselage fuel tanks. As the plane is designed to the highest echelons of power, its flight range increased to 7900 km. Among the equipment is planned installation of telephone and facsimile equipment of the sleeping rooms and shower.
|Number of places|
|passengers in the cabin of the two classes of||44|
|in the tourist class||50|
|in the VIP version||. 8-19|
|pay load (t)||5,5|
|range with maximum load fee (with reserves of fuel)||2500|
|Range with (number of passengers) and luggage (with reserves of fuel) is 44 3000 km.dalnost flight (number of passengers) and luggage (with reserves of fuel) 8-19 7000 is km.|
|Required runway length (ISA conditions, sea level) (m)||1800|
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