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Bomber Su-10. A photo. History. Characteristics.


The Sukhoi Design Bureau in 1947 was developed experimental Su-10 as a high-speed bomber. Unfortunately, the car was not up in the air, since the project was closed in the year 48.

Brief history of the bomber Su-10

In winter 1946, the Sukhoi Design Bureau has come a resolution on the creation of a new bomber, which is to have four turbojet engine model YuMO-004. In April of that year, the designers started creating sketches, and in June were ready all the necessary design scheme. In October 46-th layout was created SU-10, which was approved by the state commission. At the end of this year, it began full-scale static assembly machine instance.

In 1947-m started production tests in which the aircraft was partially destroyed: the wing was torn off when tested to the load. By the end of the year 47 end assembly work, but there was a delay in development due to lack of space at the plant. Also, the designers did not get it right weapon for the machine tooling.

Su-10 scheme

Early next year, it was decided to install the machine four engine type TS-2, but flight tests carried out on the engines of the type TP-1, which had less traction. In early June, 48, the Council of Ministers published a new decree, which said on the reduction of funding the aviation industry. A 12 June this year, issued a decree on the closure of the project of a new bomber Su-10.

Precisely because of this, Su-10 never made his flight.

The design of the Su-10

This machine has been manufactured as an all-metal monoplane, which was equipped with odnokilevym plumage. The cabinet consists of 51 bulkhead are connected stinger. It also includes a few spars. With regard to plating, it is smooth. Such a surface was obtained by decreasing joints. Fuselage skin has a thickness in the machine 2 mm.

As for the power plant, the designers approached it with great enthusiasm because it consists of four turbojet engines of the package scheme. These engines type TR-1A are located under the wings of the apparatus and two more on the upper part of the wing. The designers considered the shift of engines in the vertical plane, which allowed to reduce the distance between them. In addition, maintenance of engines on the ground remained at the same time quite convenient. Due to the fact that the engines of the power plant were located closer to the front of the wing, it allowed to achieve the best characteristics of the construction of the Su-10. When designing the arrangement of engines, the designers took into account all aerodynamic properties of the wing.

To manage Su-10 4 person crew was required, namely, the chief pilot, gunner, navigator and one gunner-observer who could cover aircraft fire from behind. 3 first pilot based in the bow of the machine, and the latter was in the stern.

Mate's cabin in the front part of the fuselage, it was a great all-round visibility. Above it was posted cockpit and radio operator. Under the cockpit was a nose landing gear and the niche in which it evolved. Behind the cockpit was placed one of the fuel tanks.

As for the middle part of the Su-10, it was presented as a cargo bay, which were made hatches for dropping bombs. At the end of the bay was also set another fuel tank, followed by the host system parachute brake machines. The case ended with the cab, which was the shooter. To this cab was attached ladder by which the arrows could climb into his cab.

Su-10 components

Wing machine was made of the two side members, which are based on the working lining. Wing spars are made of girder principle. In the manufacture of the wing used various metals. The ailerons were two sections and equipped with four sections of the flap. Kiel apparatus consisted of two side members and has been manufactured with duralumin. Posting control consisted of wires and rods.

The Su-10 had a system chassis, which consisted of three pillars that were removed during the flight in the middle of the fuselage in special niches. Under the scheme design was trehsterzhnevoe chassis, which was equipped with front and side strut. That is the side brace, and cleaned the rack in a niche.

This bomber had a hydraulic system, which consisted of three separate parts. The first part provided the release of the chassis and ensured the operation of the brake systems of the wheels. And this part worked from the left engine, or rather, from its hydraulic pumps. The second part worked already from the right engine and was intended for operation of stabilizers and turning of the rifle tower. The third part worked from the right engine and provided work of height and direction rudders, and also provided work of ailerons. Even in the event of an emergency, hydraulics could ensure the normal operation of all systems.

Due to the fact that the aircraft Su-10 had a fairly large size and weight, the designers encountered such a problem, as a large takeoff in takeoff. Even four turbojet engines could not provide the required power during take-off. The designers had to equip the device with additional powder-loaded rockets, which were installed on the body. These rockets were supposed to provide the car with additional power during take-off, and after the burn-out they had to automatically disengage from the plane's body. In total, this machine was planned to install 4 similar missiles.

It is also quite mature and the new system has on-board equipment of the machine, unfortunately, this development has not been completed.

Su-10 characteristics:

Modification Su-10
Wingspan, m 20.60
Length m 19.06
Height, m 6.56
Wing area, m2 71.30
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 11300
normal takeoff 18950
maximum take-off 21230
Fuel normal 5300
Maximum fuel 7500
engine's type TRD TR-4 1
Thrust, kgf 4 x 1400
Maximum Velocity km / h  
near the ground 810
on high 850
Flight distance, km 1500
Takeoff, m 1000
Practical ceiling, m 12000
Crew 4
Armament: five guns B-20E: one fixed forward twin on the top of the turret, and two - in the tail for installing vertical tail surfaces,
Bomb load 1000-4000 kg.


Bomber Su-10. Gallery.

Su-10 aircraft schemeSu-10 photo aircraft in the skySu-10 aircraft frame

Su-10 aircraft in the airSu-10 plane sideways photosSu-10 wireframe model side

Su-10 photo on the ground before take-offSu-10 aircraft factorySu-10 photo bomber





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