NAMC YS-11. A photo. Video. Characteristics. Reviews.
NAMC YS11 -turbovintovoy Japanese air liner lines for medium and short haul. Manufactures and developed Nihon Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation consortium. The first flight of an analogue produced in 1962 year. Serial production is performed in 1962-1974 years, produced 182 aircraft.
The Ministry of Industry and International Trade of Japan at the end of 1950-x wrote the requirements for the design of the aircraft, to be replaced by internal air lines Douglas DC-3. The consortium for the production and the design of this aircraft includes the company Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Shin Meiwa, Fuji Heavy Industries, Japan Aircraft Industry Company and Showa Aircraft Industry Company; a consortium formed in 1959 year, was named the NAMC.
This multipurpose aircraft began to develop Japanese aircraft manufacturers in 1954 year and eight-year period of design has undergone many different changes, including how to design and technically. Initially it was assumed that the airplane will have exclusively the character of a passenger aircraft, but, in the course of drafting, it was decided to provide also the possibility of transport on this plane and all kinds of goods, which in the long run, and will make this a very popular aircraft.
The first flight of this aircraft took place in August 1962 years, however, does not satisfy all the expectations of aircraft company management, as well as representatives of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, on whose initialized and started the development of this project, the plane was sent for further revision, which was still in for three years, and only in the year 1965, the aircraft was able to carry out its first commercial flight, with which began the history of operation of the aircraft.
NAMC YS-11 photo
The aircraft NAMC YS-11 turboprop aircraft engines equipped with two Rolls-Royce Dart Mk.542-10K, each of which is capable of traction in 3030 hp, and ensures a high load capacity of the aircraft, as well as relatively high cruising speed, component, depending on the modification of the order of 454 km \ h. The maximum flight range cargo and passenger liner NAMC YS-11 is also very affordable, making up about 2200 kilometers, it can be used on medium-haul regional routes.
Depending on the modification, as well as the layout of the cabin, the aircraft NAMC YS-11 can accommodate up to 64 passengers, and if the plane was supposed to operate as a vehicle, the on board could accommodate up to 8900 kilogram payload that it is also quite satisfactory.
The aircraft NAMC YS-11 8 produced in basic versions:
- NAMC YS-11- Initial prototype of the aircraft used in the test flight in 1962 year;
- NAMC YS-11-100- Basic production version of the airplane;
- NAMC YS-11A-200- Version with increased maximum take-off weight;
- NAMC YS-11A-300- Cargo version of the plane, divided into the passenger cabin and cargo compartment;
- NAMC YS-11A-400- A modified version of the transport aircraft;
- NAMC YS-11A-500- Modification of 1970 years, which is the passenger version with increased maximum vzlёtnym weight;
- NAMC YS-11A-600- Utility modification version NAMC YS-11A-500;
- NAMC YS-11E- Special design with improved power ustanvokoy.
Today turboprop airliners are in limited use, however, continue to provide the performance of all tasks assigned to them, regardless of whether the carrying freight, or just transporting passengers.
The aircraft was operated extensively on domestic and imported lines of Japanese abroad. Bred in Japan to 2006 of operation.
It is noteworthy that a pair YS-11A set for export. This YS11A built in 1968 year for ALA Argentine aviation company. It was used under the registration number LV-JII, until it was sold in 1981, the air carrier Mid Pacific Air in the US, which used the aircraft to 1988 years in Hawaii.
Greek "Olympic Airlines" was the only operator YS11 in Europe, although its aircraft soon went to the Greek Air Force.
Based on the YS-11A with extended takeoff weight models designed cargo, including YS11A200 "Combi", which is capable of carrying or cargo, or passengers. Cargo version is 400-Series, cargo - 600-Series with much greater take-off weight. All YS11A, -400, -300, -600, -500 planes were on the port side cargo door in the converted cargo planes and some others.
YS-11 used not only civilian airline - a large number of aircraft bought the Japan Self-Defense Forces.
JA8611 was the first of the NAMC YS11. He took off 30.08.1962. The initial version of the developer has not met expectations, primarily due to low power Rolls-Royce Dart engines.
The second analogue YS11, it is similar in appearance to the British Hawker Siddeley HS748. aircraft service in the regional aircraft Japanese company has received a long - last plane written off in the year 2006.
Sales were poor at first in the US market - only "Hawaiian Airlines" has leased three aircraft. "
"Piedmont Airlines", American Airlines acquired 22 instance, but in the mid-80's they were replaced by DHC8.
Major customers in Japan YS11 - aviation company JDA, "Toa" and "All Nippon". Airline "Toa Domestic Airlines", formed by the merger of JDA and "Toa", renamed the "Japan Air Systems" and used the planes to 2000-x.
YS-11A-400 - modified specifically transport and military aircraft. Under the code YS-11C he delivered transport aviation wing of the Japanese Air Force. A squadron of the Air Force, which was stationed in Iruma, received 3 instance YS11, which were then changed and electronic warfare training aircraft received the name YS11E. Six copies of the aircraft with the name of YS-11T, were using the Japanese Navy as a self-defense training for crew training P-2J Neptune anti-submarine aircraft. And not all scrapped aircraft, at least 13 aircraft are operated to this day. Greek Air Force used a plane for calibration work.
Specifications NAMC YS-11.
- Crew: 2 person;
- Passenger: 64 people (depending on version);
- aircraft Length: 26,3 m .;
- Wingspan: 32 m .;
- Plane Height: 9 m .;
- Weight of empty aircraft: 14600 kg. (Depending on version);
- Payload: 8900 kg. (Depending on version);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 23500 kg. (Depending on version);
- Cruising speed: 454 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight speed: 525 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight distance: 2200 km .;
- Maximum flight height: 6982 m .;
- aircraft engine Type: Turboprop;
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Dart Mk.542-10K (depending on version);
- Power: 2 × 3030 hp (Depending on version).
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