MiG-19 (factory code on "the product CM-9», and its NATO codified as "Farmer") is a Soviet single-seat jet fighter of the second generation. It was constructed in OKB Mikoyan and Gurevich in 50-ies. He was the first supersonic fighter serial with wide application in the Soviet air defense system and is actively exported to foreign countries.
The history of the MiG-19
The first step in the creation of the MiG-19 has experienced air machine SM-1. April 20 51 years appeared a decree of the Council of Ministers of the Conversion of obsolete MiG-15bis (thanks to him, there was the MiG-17) for installation of two engines AM-5 2000 from a thrust of kgs. They were placed in the fuselage (engine compartment), almost close to each other. After a series of tests on the CM-1 posted updated engines AM 5A. The results showed that the overall thrust of both engines is much more powerful than the one engine (originally the MiG-standing 15 1 1-engine VC) VC-1F afterburner.
On the flight speed and thrust are absolutely not affected by the fact that the new engines 88 kg increased weight. Also interesting is the fact that these engines had a smaller volume, which made it possible to establish a fighter extra fuel tanks. They were placed three liters total volume 770.
The first OP was built at the end of 1951 years and called him and-340. In the air he raised his test pilot G. Sedov. Lead engineer appointed A. Minaev. The aircraft performed well, in particular was able to reach its speed barrier in 1193 km / h at an altitude of 5000 m and lifting speed high - 41 m / s. A new engines and increased fuel volume allowed to increase the range of the aircraft.
The next step in the creation of the future MiG-19 was the stage of designing and-360, or SM-2. He was made in the year 1952. Fighter had a number of differences from the first instance. Immediately extended to 1,6 m fuselage and wing span, on the contrary, it decreased from 9,26 9,04 m to m. At the same time, it increased the weight of the aircraft by almost 1600 kg. Especially for this aircraft we have created a new wing (sweep 55 degrees) with a single aerodynamic ridge. The main part of the wing guns installed N-37D, so the fuselage is slightly released. The rest of the improvements and modernization affected lantern design, main landing gear and flaps. Landing spotlight moved from the left wing under the nose of the lower and increased the keel. The basis power plant left same as in the SM-1.
In April, he was handed over to the airfield LII. In May, G. Sedov made on its first flight. As a result, the leading management was not satisfied with a small thrust, which is why the plane was sent for revision. AM 5A engines were replaced by the AM 5F (forced) with high thrust up to 2700 kg. They have led to a close indicator of the required speed in level flight.
We spent some more modifications. Horizontal tail increased in the area and moved to the fuselage. Also modified the brake pads and increased rudder area destinations. New aircraft to learn the designation SM-2A, and conducted in-depth revision led to an increase in the aerodynamic ridge on the wing. It was renamed the SM-2B.
A prototype of the second SM-2 / 2 at the beginning of the construction of a planned horizontal tail. And armed with guns play a major role with a short barrel. PTB on 760 l absent.
Revving engine is still not satisfied with the Air Force authorities, therefore, without thinking twice, all prototypes installed powerful new AM 9B with increased traction in 3250 kg. When it's time to launch into mass production, the engine was renamed RD-9B. The aircraft also renamed CM-9 / 1. The first flight was made by G. Sedov in early January 54 years, and already on the second flight of the aircraft broke the sound barrier. In total it carried out 132 flight.
During this time, engineers from the Bureau changed the shape and form of the inlet septum, and instead of the old guns N-37 installed three new HP-23 (ammunition - 340 cartridges). Among the equipment there were also additions. On CM-9 / 1 installed radio-RSIU 3M "Maple", electronic telemeter SRDM-1M "cone" and the defendant "Node-1".
In September 54 years completed factory testing and 30 September embarked on state tests. In flight tests demonstrated higher performance, allowing the SM-9 / 1 recommended to adopt the Air Forces of the USSR. February 17 1954, the Council of Ministers issued a decree on the construction of the early burst in the factories of the MiG-19. Manufacture deployed on aircraft manufacturing plants located in the cities of Novosibirsk and in Gorky.
CM-1 - 17 experienced MiG-with the power plant in two engines AM-5;
CM-2 / 1 - 1-th basic prototype of the series with two motors AM 5A;
CM-2 / 2 - second air machine series;
CM-9 / 1 - two engines RD-9B (MiG-19);
CM-9 / 2 - a copy of the MiG-19S;
CM-9 / 3 - prototype;
CM-9 / 3T - converted for testing missiles K-13;
CM-9V is a prototype of the MiG-19SV;
CM-7 / 1 - OP MiG-19P, available radar RP-1;
CM-7 / 2 - 2 NURS missiles block Oro 57K and whole-rotating tail;
CM-7 / M - available radar RP-2U, 4-2 missile RS-U.
MiG-19 - 1953 established in the year, is the first production version.
MiG-19S - a fighter with all-moving stabilizer, established in 1955 year.
MiG-19P - established in 1955 year, is an all-weather fighter-interceptor.
MiG-19PG - availability of equipment "Horizon-1», established in the year 1955.
MiG-19R - established in 1956 year, it refers to the reconnaissance aircraft.
MiG-19SV - high altitude interceptor, established in 1956 year.
MiG-19PM - available only guided missiles RS-2U, established in 1957 year.
MiG-19PML - established in 1958 year.
M-19 - radio-controlled target drone.
The aircraft was in service in the following countries:
Albania - 15 MiG-19PM;
Afghanistan 18 acquired MiG-19S;
Bulgaria - 24 MiG-19S;
Hungary - 12 MiG-19PM;
Vietnam - 54 MiG-19;
GDR - 12 units of the MiG-19S and 12 MiG-19PM;
Egypt - 160 MiG-19S;
Zambia - 12 MiG-19;
Indonesia - 8 MiG-19F;
Iraq - 15 standard MiG-19S;
Cambodia - 16 MiG-19;
North Korea - about MiG 100-19;
China - 5 MiG-19P and later 5 units of the MiG-19PM;
Cuba - 12 MiG-19P;
Pakistan - MiG-20 and 19 73S MiG-19;
Poland - MiG-12 and 19 13P COMPLETED MiG-19PM;
Romania - 10 MiG-19P and about 45-and MiG-19PM;
Syria - about 40 MiG-19S;
Somalia - about Mig 50-19;
Sudan - 6 MiG-19;
Tanzania - 12 MiG-19;
CSSR - MiG-27 and 19 12P standard MiG-19S.
|Wing area, m2||25.00|
|engine's type||2 TRD AM-9B|
|Thrust, kgf||X 2 3250|
|Maximum speed km / h||1452|
|Practical range, km|
|Practical ceiling, m||17900|
|Max. operation overload||8|
|Armament:||three 23-mm cannon NR-23|
|two bombs to 250 kg, or two blocks ORO-57K|
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