Messerschmitt P-1101. A photo. History. Characteristics.
American soldiers, who a few days before the end of the Second World War entered the Bavarian factory to produce Messerschmitt Oberammergau, did not even know that they will begin a new stage in the history of American military aircraft.
Their eyes was the design of the aircraft, which was destined to revolutionize the aircraft industry and give new opportunities for fighters - it was Messerschmitt P-1101.
Messerschmitt P-1101. A photo.
Not only birds able to swing wings
What was it about this unfinished copy of the German aircraft? And as he was different from other machines? First of all, Messerschmitt P 1101 at that time was the only plane that has movable wings, which in turn allows you to install the wings at different angles relative to the housing. The wing with variable geometry made the aircraft more versatile - it is possible to collect the advantages of several models with a completely different parameters and capabilities in a single plane. Depending on the angle in which the wings are set, the aircraft can take off and land at a slower rate to increase the flight range, and to achieve higher speeds.
The airplane without wings
The prototype, which found the US military, was completed on 80%, and it had no wings. From the technical documentation for the car only a few individual notes. What happened to the rest of the documentation? A few days before the Americans entered the city, employees of the plant photographed drawings, calculations and designs, destroyed almost all of the documentation and the resulting microfilm packed in watertight capsules and hid in surrounding villages. When, after the war there were American experts, the case took an unexpected turn ... It turned out that part of the document was found among the French. The Allies had no desire to share this valuable find with the Americans. Despite pressure from the American Robert Woods Design Bell Aircraft Works Bureau and Messerschmitt chief designer Woldemar Voight, who at all costs wanted to end F-1101, the fate of the further development of the first aircraft with movable wings it was under a question mark.
Messerschmitt P-1101. Photo 2.
German inspiration - American success
only 3 years decided to return to this idea later. In August, the F-1948 1101, finally, brought to the United States. True to the prototype is little left and it turned out to be absolutely impossible conclusion. However, it managed to borrow some design decisions that the Germans used in the development of this aircraft. This led to the creation of an experimental model of Bell X-5 (not very successful, as evidenced by numerous disasters with its participation) - the first aircraft, which could change the geometry wings "on the fly". In the German prototype modifications carried out on the ground.
Subsequent successors, which used the same concept, were more advanced aircraft and with various modifications were put into operation for the next few decades.
Messerschmitt P-1101 characteristics
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