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As England hijacked planes, or on the establishment of the Israeli Air Force
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As England hijacked planes, or on the establishment of the Israeli Air Force

As England hijacked planes, or on the establishment of the Israeli Air Force



Bristol Beaufighter - Heavy two-seat fighter, night fighter, as well as a light bomber and torpedo. England. First flight - July 17 1939 years.

As England hijacked planes, or the creation of the Air Force Izrailya1

Emmanuel Zuckerberg, one of the founders of the Israeli Air Force


While addressing aviation history by studying a variety of sources and references, I came across this absolutely fantastic story that occurred in the year 1948. I was surprised by the fact of theft of planes from the British Isles, and the fact that Hollywood directors and screenwriters still has not made a film based on these actual events.

Future Israeli Air Force hero Emmanuel Zuckerberg was born in 1911, in this Ivano-Frankivsk, and at that time the city was called Stanislav and was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Zuckerberg's family was rich enough, she owned oil refinery. In the words of Emmanuel, a love for aviation came to him in the year 1925. Then, far away from their homes in the villages of the military biplane pilots and seeing the delight 14 year-old boy, took him in flight, making him circle over the field. In 18 years, Emmanuel, on the advice of the leader of the Zionist movement, the famous writer, translator, essayist and journalist Wolf Jabotinsky, who knew about the fascination with the young man, went to Paris. There he studied aeronautics and learning piloting the aircraft.

In general, the young man carried on meetings with prominent personalities. After graduating from pilot courses, and the incident put the number of flight hours, Zuckerberg went to work in a private airline pilot. And here once again fate smiles Emmanuel - he becomes a mentor pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. Despite the age difference, Emmanuel Antoine and quickly became friends. Airline "Aeropostal", in which they both worked delivers mail on the northern coast of Africa.

As England hijacked planes, or the creation of the Air Force Izrailya2


In 1934 year, Emmanuel Zuckerberg arrives in Palestine, where the confrontation between Jews and Arabs is constantly leads to clashes and armed conflicts. Emmanuel headed a department for training pilots in the underground forces of self-defense. Having a decent touch and experience a variety of machine control, the young Zuckerberg trains future Air Force.

Spring 1948, the UN proclaimed the establishment of the Jewish state. To do this, the Palestinian territory was divided into Arab and Jewish parts. Of course, the Arab world this development does not suit, and almost immediately after the creation of the new state of Israel, he had to wage war against almost all of the Arab world. Without the support of aviation ground operations were ineffective.

On one single airfield defense forces flew about a dozen single-engine light aircraft, training for this is quite enough, but for fighting these planes is clearly not good. Weapons for self-defense forces were caught by hook or by crook - The UN announced an embargo on the supply of arms and the Arabs and the Jews. It was during this time and such a useful enterprising and educated people like Zuckerberg. He was well educated, he had impeccable manners, knew several European languages, was young and good-looking. He easily posed as a wealthy rake, seeking amusement Europe. So he wound up useful acquaintances and gradually became a welcome guest in many famous buildings in France and other countries. His popularity in the aviation circles and familiarity with Antoine de Saint-Exupery, who by that time was already a famous writer, increased the chances and opportunities to benefit the forces of self-defense, its aviation component.


Aircraft wholesale and retail

Shorten his name to the simple names Tzur, Emmanuel England buys aircraft suitable for military service alone surpasses them in the Middle East. Until such time as the Scotland Yard came out on the trail of the business "hang", it is possible to replenish the Jews 8 fleet of aircraft. It should be noted here that the manner in Tzur surpassed planes, still surprised. Bypassing radars illegally flying through many European countries, using only a compass and a map, it hits so far! And it happened not once or twice, as much as 8 times, eight times Fortune was favorable to the reckless pilot.

But if the aeronautical authorities of the UK showed criminal carelessness, the Scotland Yard did not sleep, and had already begun to tread on the heels of the pilot-Drover. The islands had to flee. But the restless and reckless Emmanuel Zur, eager to replenish the fleet of his young country more combat-ready machines.

Strange generals have probably all over the world. In Britain, a retired general, the Royal Air Force, for unknown reasons, bought 12 aircraft Bristol Bofayter. Despite the fact that the aircraft was released in 1939 year, and now, after 10 years, it was a serious fighting machine, with good cannon armament (depending on version). What is the use of fighting a dozen (though retired) aircraft retired general, it is difficult to say, but history is silent about it. And, whether the general combat fleet already fed, whether he bought into the promises of negotiators Zur, but, nevertheless, he was willing to sell them. But to buy planes in England this is half the battle, they need to somehow overtake Israel.

As England hijacked planes, or the creation of the Air Force Izrailya3


Of course, for the aircraft was not proper care during their stay in the general's "navy". Each of them demanded a thorough inspection and possible repair and restoration to flying condition. Zur leases in France, light aircraft, flight records within the country, and he illegally crossed the English Channel, avoiding radar at low altitude. In England, it proceeds to the inspection equipment and Trades retiree. It turned out that "to put on the wing" can only 6 12 from machines. On the joy that was able to so successfully attach unnecessary fighters have General shall at its own expense to repair technique for two or three weeks. Tzur as illegally evading radar shore installations, flies to France.


Tzur - movie producer

The idea of ​​hijacking combat aircraft from England, Emmanuel unwittingly prompted the girl one of the pilots of his team. She told him about his dream to play in a movie about the New Zealand pilots fighting against the Japanese during the Second World War. And then Zur if dawned: here it is, here's an idea how you can overtake planes!

And the car spun. production company «Air Pilot Film Company» was established urgently. The company announced a desire to make a film about the struggle of brave pilots of New Zealand against the Japanese militarists. Of course, it was understood that filming will take place in the British Isles. In London he was hired the best scriptwriters, cameramen and directors. Name of the painting did not shine with originality - "The pilots of New Zealand in action." In all likelihood, Emmanuel Tzur in the media was not constrained. It was bought the most expensive color film, about forty people hired extras, and the entire technical team. Pilots for filming, of course, he selected the chief pilot. Not everyone was in agreement on such an adventurous flight plan.

As England hijacked planes, or the creation of the Air Force Izrailya4


RAF military form


And here, at the military airport, south of London, began shooting a new film about pilots. Advance was approved by the authorities of the script, and got permission to shoot. Then everything happened as usual during any filming. In the morning from London to the small town of Thames, next to the airfield buses traveled with a film crew. Deploys equipment, camera, light, social statistics, the director swearing and stuff. Pilots ran on alert for combat vehicles, the girls saw them off properly.

But on the third day of shooting one of the pilots was killed, the plane was broken. It remained 4 aircraft. Emmanuel did not venture farther, and time is running out. He gathered a group and announced that shooting will continue in Scotland (there are more similar to the New Zealand landscapes), then the group calculated. Bofaytery soared, built and flew in the direction of Scotland, but after four hours of flight boarded in Corsica at Ajaccio airport. All questions from dispatchers and the authorities decided Tzur, using his charm, but mostly just money. Next landing in Yugoslavia in the city Podhoretz. And only two days after the departure of the British aircraft were in Israel.


The end of the film

The end of this story is good. Emmanuel Zur, fearing arrest, did not return to England. At home, the head of the State of Israel, Ben-Hur, he was appointed the first director of the International Airport in Lod. And he died in the year 1991 surrounded by loving family and friends.

After filming ended so unexpectedly patriotic film about the war, British journalists have unearthed details of the case with flights Bofayterov and betrayed case public. Terrible scandal erupted. UN resolution to ban the supply of arms to the warring, no one has canceled. Scotland Yard has been put to shame, they have from under the nose, from the British Isles, go-getter (and newly-born producer) is called before the eyes of the amazed public, led four warplanes, which are then "floated" in Israel. All that is left to British detectives - this tape has footage.

It remains to regret two things: first - that Hollywood has not yet paid his money attention to this adventurous story, and the second - is that we will probably never see, buried in the depths of Scotland Yard, film, with real flying Bofayterami.

Especially for Avia.Pro Valery Smirnov


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