Soviet MiG-23 fighter first flew in July 9 1967 He was the main front-line fighter.
The aircraft type MiG-23 is a multi-role fighter of Soviet production, NATO coding is designated "Bichevatel". A special feature of the machine is that it can change wing sweep during flight. For the first time this type of aircraft made its first flight in the summer of 1967 years at the helm was a test AF Fedotov.
History of the creation and production of the MiG-23
The design of the aircraft engaged in the Mikoyan Design Bureau in the second half 60-ies of the last century. This machine was designed to replace the MiG-21 type fighter. To this end, the new machine was to vary significantly better flight and combat characteristics compared to its predecessor. The biggest innovation was the wing that could change their geometry at an angle of up to 16 72 degrees.
Serial production of the MiG-23 engaged in the Moscow aircraft building plant "Banner of Labor". The main task of the manufacturers was the installation of new and high-quality on-board equipment, and improved maneuverability capabilities apparatus. New was also a more powerful power plant. wing area was increased to improve aerodynamic efficiency, the fuel tank was located under the fuselage.
At this time, the new fourth-generation fighter has been created in the United States, in contrast to him, Soviet designers in the 74 year created an easier modification of the MiG-23ML. She had a great flight characteristics due to a powerful power plant, the construction of the entire airframe was modified. It was shortened forkil unit and fuselage. Serial production of the model was carried out over five years, starting with the year 76. In addition to use in the Soviet Air Force, the machine is widely exported to other countries.
On the basis of the standard model it was manufactured interceptor aircraft with the appropriate equipment. This car had a lot of modifications, the latter began to be manufactured in series with 1970 years, was designated MiG-23MLD. Aircraft are highly resistant when cornering at high speeds. It was equipped with a new radar system that allows both to accompany the six goals. The protection system was presented to the complex thermal missile traps, which could take the flak from the machine.
To date, all MiG-23 apparatus decommissioned Russian Air Force.
Design features of the MiG-23
The aircraft is designed as vysokoplan with improved aerodynamics and wing housing. apparatus have arrow-shaped wings and could make a turn to the desired angle. Depending on the mission objectives and the required maneuver the pilot could manually change the wing geometry. By turning the wing could be swept or straight because of the wing could get out into the middle of the machine body.
wing design was represented by two fixed units and two consoles that were moving. The moving parts of the wings were made of steel forgings, which were welded to one another, and is a box-like structure. For a given type of airplane wings three different designs have been developed that can be changed.
The cabinet had a semi-monocoque scheme and was divided connector into two parts: the nose and tail. In the forward compartment was located avionics and cockpit, which had a hermetic structure. cockpit lights had a good view. In addition, the pilot was able to produce rear visibility by TC 27AMSH device. The tail section of the machine has been installed a system of air brakes, which consisted of four parts.
The power plant of the aircraft MiG-23 was presented afterburning turbojet engine type, it is designated as P-35-300. He produced a thrust of 13 thousand kilograms. This engine was designed by the designer in the office Khachaturov "Union". With this powerplant aircraft can reach speeds of 2,5 thousand km / h, but it is at high altitude. In addition, a large thrust allowed the aircraft to climb at a rate of 12 900 m / min. When using the optional external fuel tanks the aircraft can fly up to 2360 kilometers.
Air inlet was located side apparatus and was controlled via the valves and wedges which are movable. Motor Protection A feature was that it could withstand a direct hit of managed SAM missiles.
Chassis MiG-23 consists of three pillars. A special feature is the front desk, which is equipped with two wheels and has enhanced cushioning system. The rear support have been made longer, and they were higher in the 17,5 centimeters. They are equipped with one wheel, which was installed brake disc type. All the wheels were tubeless type.
As mentioned earlier, the project is closed from 85 years 4278 for the time machine of this class has been made. It should be noted that the Russian Air Force MiG balance and data are today. This machine is widely used by different countries in armed conflicts in almost all corners of the globe.
MiG-23 was produced in many versions:
- tactical fighter (MiG-23 MLD)
- Interceptor (MiG-23 P)
- combat trainer (MiG-23 UB), and others.
Powerplant: one active turbo engine with afterburner F-23-300 13 000 kg thrust.
One of the design features of a variable in terms of the geometry of the wing. The console can be mounted on the corners of 16, 45, 72 ° (leading edge).
The performance characteristics of the MiG-23
Wingspan, m 7,8 / 14,0
Aircraft Length m 16,7
Height, m 5,77
Launch weight, kg 17 800
The maximum speed of flightat height, km / h2445
full speednear the ground, km / h 1350
Ceiling, m 19 000
Range without suspensiontanks, 1950 km
Ferry range with drop tanks, 2820 km
MiG-23 2 photo
Armament: accelerated version in combat load is 4500 kg.
Use a combination of types of weapons:
- missile R-77, F-73; guided missiles melee P-60;
- svobodnopadayuschie bombs caliber up to 500 kg;
- guided aerial bombs; gun GSH-caliber 23L 23 mm.
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