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GNAT
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GNAT

GNAT

GNAT was initially created as a simplified version of export UAV LSI Amber. Apparatus General Atomics GNAT-750 first took to the air in 1989 year. At Amber Wing was installed on the pylon on the fuselage, and its upgraded version was a nizkoplan which at its own low weight could raise a much greater weight of the payload. Chassis tricycle with a nose wheel retracted. The flight duration was more than 12 hours, and the radius of action does not exceed the 2000 km.

After a while, General Atomics bought out the rights to LSI and its developments. In 1993, the company entered into an agreement with the government of Turkey to supply 6 units of GNAT-750 and 16 transport vehicles I-GNAT ER, which increased the range of flights. In the 90-ies, the collapse of the bloc of communist countries took place, which enabled the US government to intervene in the internal affairs of some Eastern European countries, in particular the conflict in Yugoslavia. The developer company under contract with the CIA of the USA began to refine the GNAT-750 in order to carry out special missions. In the case, there were bureaucratic obstacles, and it would seem that the project will close, but in 94 the CIA special group armed with the BLAT GNAT-750 arrived in Albania to carry out reconnaissance operations on the interior affairs of Yugoslavia. The operation performed was not a great success due to bad weather and some technological difficulties, nevertheless the development of promising unmanned vehicles continued. Deep modernization led to the appearance of the I-GNAT (Improved GNAT) with the installed engine Rotax 914 (power 105 hp). The new drones were more durable, reliable and easily operated.

Specialists General Atomics UAV used GNAT-750 as a basis for designing and creating the type of tactical UAVs Prowler - a large-scale version of its predecessor, with a wingspan m 7,31 4,24 when the length of the fuselage m. Was significantly increased the duration of the flight - 16 hours. Thus, both the first and second instances were unified.

GNAT. Characteristics:



Modification GNAT-750 (I-GNAT)
Wingspan, m 10.76 (12.86)
Aircraft Length m 5.33 (6.32)
Height with landing gear, m 0.72
Weight, kg  
null 254 (385)
maximum take-off 517 (700)
engine's type 1 PD Rotax 582 (Rotax 914)
Power, hp X 1 64 (105)
Maximum speed km / h 193 (296)
Cruising speed, km / h 175
Flight distance, km 2780
Flight duration, h 48
Practical ceiling, m 7620 (9140)
Payload: target equipment weighing up to 150 kg gyro-stabilized turret (infrared system cameras, day and low light levels)

 

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