Airbus A318. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.
Airbus A318 - belongs to the family 320-x Airbus.
Airbus A318 is the smallest representative of the family of single-aisle airliners A320. It is also often called «Mini Airbus». The length of its fuselage on 2,39 meters shorter than the A319 and 6 meters than the A320.
Airbus A318, for service in routing with low passenger congestion and density, but high frequency of flights. The aircraft is capable of carrying up to 107 passengers in two classes, and to people in 132 odnoklassovoy set.
Aircraft development program was launched in April 1994 years.
The Hoth development aircraft had the designation A319 M3, which meant its immediate origin of the model A319.
The Airbus A318 used the same technology, as well as throughout the family A320. In particular, he has a digital control system «Fly-by-Wire», all-glass cockpit rather than the hybrid on Airbus A310As well as a central diagnostic system for the detection of problems from the cockpit. The aircraft of the place of traditional joystick control levers are installed, so-called «sidestick». In the construction of the aircraft used a large proportion of composite materials.
In A318 installed passenger seats wider than the model A319. The cockpit has an identical aircraft A320 and A319, layout and equipment that saves on retraining pilots for the transplant them into the model. For the first time in the assembly of the aircraft by Airbus laser welding was used, which allowed lighten the weight of the aircraft and accelerate its construction. The aircraft received new wing tips, the so-called «sharklets», in form resembling a shark fin. It is possible to reduce air resistance and thus fuel consumption.
On aircraft equipped with two turbojet engines CFM 56-5 company «General Electric» or two motors Pratt & Whitney PW 6000. Kiel aircraft A318 compared with other models of family A320 up 75 centimeters. This is done for greater stability of the aircraft in the air.
The first flight took place A318 January 15 2002 years. In the same year, the plane began to flow into the airline. The first customer was the American aircraft carrier «Frontier Airlines».
Airbus A318 interior scheme
In November, the consortium released 2005 business aircraft Airbus A318 Elite. The aircraft covers a distance of kilometers with up to 7500 18-20 passengers with luxury finishes. This model is equipped with motors «General Electric CFM 56».
Orders for the aircraft today A318 small. Total to 2002 years has produced and sold no more than 85 aircraft model Airbus A318. Nevertheless, orders for the aircraft continue to arrive, and thus this model has its own niche of air transportation, and hence its future development.
Technical characteristics of the aircraft Airbus A318
First flight: 15 2002 year in January
Year of manufacture: c 2002 until now.
Length: 31,44 m.
Height: 12,51 m.
Empty weight: 39500 kg.
Wing area: 122,6 square. m.
Wingspan: 34,10 m.
Cruising speed: 828 km / h..
Maximum speed: 875 km / h..
Ceiling: 12200 m.
Range: up to 5850 km.
Engines: 2 turbofan Pratt & Whitney PW-6000 or General Electric CFM 56-5
Crew: 2 person
Number of seats: 107 - 132 Places
Airbus A318 video
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