The airplane Ilya Muromets. Photo. Video.
Russia is famous for many inventions, however, one of the most prominent was the world's first bomber. Its name was a bit unusual, but at the same time frightening. Still, after the airplane was called the strong and mighty epic hero Ilya Muromets.
"Hercules" began its establishment in August 1913 years, but in December, is the first prototype of this model was going to take to the air. The conditions were not the most favorable, because the yard was winter. But savvy Russian designers of this situation and found a way out, they simply put Ilya skiing. Because of this, having gone 283 meter runway, bomber flew to a height of 1000 meters, also "carrying on their shoulders," a weight of 1100 kg. However, precisely because of this he was able to beat the record of another airplane that was carrying the weight of just 653 kg.
The airplane Ilya Muromets photo
In February 1914, the aircraft flew a Sikorsky 6 passengers, among whom was the favorite of all the airport - a dog named Stiffy. This time the weight of the load was equal 1190 kg. This flight was a real achievement, because in addition to the fact that the board was relatively a lot of passengers, Ilya Muromets flew over St. Petersburg, and then flew over the suburbs or even afraid to go down into small enough height. All this is due to the fact that Sikorsky was sure that some engines will ensure proper safety of the aircraft.
The airplane Ilya Muromets video
1 1914 August, was built 4 Murom, and a month later they were taken to the Imperial military fleet. It was then that began to use this model as a bomber, because the rest of the planes were intended solely for exploration. Once a month CG was created - the world's first compound bombers. Because of this kind had not flown airplanes, had to teach students and perform for them master classes. But the efforts were justified by their results, because during the war on Muromets was committed 400 sorties, dropped tons of bombs 65 12 fighters and destroyed.
The airplane Ilya Muromets photo 2
There were also several series of "heroes" from A and ending with G. Each of them was more perfect than the previous one, but in spite of this, after the war, bombers Ilya Muromets several years played the role of postal aircraft, and soon all were removed from production.
The airplane Ilya Muromets characteristics
However, we should still proud to be the world's first bomber was designed precisely in the Soviet Union and showed not only great results, but during the war helped to protect our homeland!
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation