P-500 UAV interceptor
With 1958 years was an active development "raketizatsii" because of this large number of domestic designers have worked on the development of new aircraft. It was during these years created the first interceptor type K-35 and Yak-35MV, E and T-150-37.
In mid-summer 1958, the Mikoyan Design Bureau got a new job at creating a brand new drone for interception. They became a unit P-500 class "surface-to-air." The main objective was to destroy enemy unit aircraft, which moved at high speed. In addition to aircraft, P-500 should intercept and cruise missiles, which went over the counter or cross rate. In the calculations of designers, it was stated that the machine must be able to conduct high-quality interception at a distance of one thousand kilometers. Working altitude indicator reached 25-30 kilometers. It should be noted that the drone had high speed performance that reach 4700 km / h, and it is maneuvering speeds. Finalization sketch designers were able to complete by the end of the year 1960.
This device was to protect the large and strategic facilities. The whole complex consisted of several types of radar guidance systems, as well as the start of a series of devices P-500. As for the start, it could be both self-propelled and from fixed points. For permanent installation at the same time be able to use several of these interceptors, and self-propelled guns were equipped with only one drone.
The design of the device is made in the normal scheme of the aircraft, the wing is located high and has a triangular shape. The wings are thin and cut at the edges, are missing ailerons. In the rear is a stabilizer and a keel, they tselnopovorotnym. The stabilizer is made of a differential circuit. The plans of the designers was to create an unmanned interceptor F-500, which could hit targets at altitudes even 35 kilometers, while the management planned to use gas-dynamic type.
Drone-type P-500 had supersonic ramjet propulsion type WFD, he was suspended from the pylon fuselage machine. Also for acceleration at the start, we used two solid-propellant engine. These are power plants provide an initial take-off and acceleration to the speed of the machine M = 2, only then activated the main engine which provides maximum traction to lift to a height of 35 kilometers. For the interceptor were worked out different versions of the main engines on solid or liquid fuel, and combinations thereof.
Structure of the equipment P-500:
- Generator turbine type.
- The system of identification.
- Homing head.
- Guidance station, which receives commands from the ground control station.
- Blaster is not a contact type.
To Interceptor F-500 took aim, it must be coordinated with the help of ground-based systems under the name "Ray" and "Voskhod-1». When the drone can distinguish several phases of flight. In the first, he is at the height of 15 kilometers and a speed of M = 3,5. The capture of the target radio homing device automatically rises to a height 25 kilometers and accelerates to M = 4,3, only the passage of these phases is performed sharp jerk at high altitude and speed at which the attack takes place. It should be noted that the attack can be carried out both in horizontal flight mode and dive in the object. The maximum time the flight anyway 20 minutes.
Despite the amazing capabilities and excellent flight characteristics, the development of P-500 1961 year in discontinued due to lack of realistic goals for him, which could be moved at such high speeds and altitudes.
UAV R-500 Kharkteristika:
|The diameter of the fuselage, m||0.95|
|engine's type||1DWP RD-085|
|Thrust, kgf||X 1 10600|
|The maximum speed M||4.3|
|The flight duration, min||20|
|Practical ceiling, m||2500|
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