Are you here
On the anniversary of the All-Russian Imperial Aero Club
16 (29) in January 1908 in the premises of the Russian Automobile Society, established in 1903, at the capital of the Russian Empire, the city of St. Petersburg, in order to promote the development of aeronautics in Russia "in all forms and applications"I was established by the Russian Aero Club. This is what Russian newspapers wrote of that time:
«16 of January, at the invitation of aero club organizer, held a meeting of its founders 18. After a lengthy exchange of views, it decided to form a committee to work out the charter of the club. The commission includes: Chairman VV Korn, Deputy Chairman - General-Majors Eyholts and Kovanko, secretary Ososov members Koopenburg, Kiparsky, Rynin, Nagel, Yanshin, Count Stenbock-Fermor (. Gosud member of the Duma), BA Suvorin regiment. Semkovsky signature. Odintsov, staff-cap. Shabo, Garut, Feldberg, Cap. Herman and Kostovich. "
12 May 1909, at the Aero Club was named - Imperial, And was called, as we all know it now at the appropriate acronym of the first letters of the words: Imperial Russian Aero Club (abbreviated I.V.A.K.). Officially I.V.A.K. 1917 closes at the end of the year.
Again, the first
In 1925 year begins a new story Flying Club. Of course, a full-fledged successor to the Imperial Aeroclub new aero club can not be named, but the story it still begins with I.V.A.K. In Leningrad, when Company fleet of friends (ODVF) created Aero Club Museum (Lakme) with scientific and technical committee, in which was attended by prominent scientists.
And in the year 1929, created the first flying club in the USSR, officially named Leningrad flying school Osoaviahima. During the first five years, this was the largest flying club in the USSR, is preparing hundreds of pilots per year. During these years, the flying club has more than a hundred aircraft (VT-1, UT-2, and-5, U-2, F-5). Here purchased Summer Special future eminent aircraft designer O. TO. Antonov, talented aircraft designers P. AT. Tsybin, IA TO. Kostenko, Heroes of the Soviet Union, Honored Test Pilot of the USSR M. L. Gallay, D. A. Sedov. F. AT. Fomenko. Leningrad flying club finished: O. Yamshikova in the war he commanded the air link fighter aircraft; commander of the aviation squadron of fighter R. Belyaeva: first female aviator Leningrad flying club V. pods; famous planeristki E. Koroteeva, LA Chistyakov. Instructor pilot flying club Leningrad worked B. AP Chkalov, and the first in the USSR women's unit, which consisted of an instructor pilot E. Crustaceans N. Korytova, PA Yakovleva, M. Ermine, prepared the country more than one hundred men pilots.
After the war
In the postwar years the fate of the country's oldest flying club was rather neodnaznachno. In 1946, the Soviet government decided to obligate the Central Council Osoaviahima organize the country's network of flying clubs for pre-war principle of "secondment large number of Air Force career officers for leadership positions." Since March 1947 in the premises of the City Council Osoaviahima at Griboyedov Canal in Leningrad began picking aero club with broad involvement of demobilized officers. first flights began in May 1947 year two old By-2, obtained from the parachute glider club at the disbanding of the latter. Leningrad flying club was headed by the Soviet Union Hero Didenko. In May-July 1947, the parts of the Leningrad Military District 25 flying club aircraft was transmitting on-2. Have begun intensive flights youth. On airplanes UT-2 organized pilots training squad stock.
In 1947-1949 years Leningrad flying club flourished. It has trained more than 350 pilots. Many graduates have gone on to study in military pilot training. State Flying Club has grown to 170 people. Daily scrambled to 30 aircraft. In the spring of the year 1948 flying club received from the factory N ° 272 first four aircraft Yak-18. Having mastered a new car, flying club pilots began to solve problems distillation Yak-18 aircraft flying clubs in other countries.
At the end of the year 1949 the decision of the government of the USSR all flying clubs in the border areas of the country for training of cadets flying airplanes were closed.
Leningrad flying club was transformed into aerotechnical. Aircraft of the club in January 1950 years were driven to the city of Kalinin (Tver). Before 1955, inclusive Leningrad flying club aircraft mechanic preparing, electricians, radio operators, vooruzhentsev, instrument operators. On January 1 1956, the flying club has acquired the status aviasportkluba with the task of training glider pilots, parachutists athletes.
Leningrad flying club 80-ies, or the story of a boy
All of this I am in the early 80-ies did not know. Leningrad City Flying Club, of course, worked, but it was there ... somewhere far away. But, one day, (oh, it's the proverbial "one") I met my former classmate, who, as if in passing, mentioned that in the autumn begins to learn at the flying club! How so? I know so much about aviation, collecting scraps of photographs and images of aircraft of the world into separate albums, I, whose father, an aviator and his stories I've heard since childhood, and do not know anything about the Aero Club! I found out he had all that he could and the next day went to the flying club. Here she treasured street Tolmacheva house 4, inconspicuous plaque: Leningrad City aviasportkluba DOSAAF.
Str. Tolmachev house 4, nab. Fontanka river. House IA Musin-Pushkin (Panin) built in the year 1832. Tunable in 1841 year. Architect: Albert Cavos Katarinovich and Andrei Stackenschneider.
Despite the fact that the main entrance to the house was on the waterfront, even Tolmachev street entrance and the staircase struck. I was only 16 years. When flying club DOSAAF school "young pilot" was opened. This school was like training courses, already serious before training or in the airplane, or in a parachute link. So I was enrolled as a cadet school "young pilot" which I was very proud. Classes are three times a week seems to be hours 5 or 6 evening. It was all very seriously, until the summer we did, then had to go to the airfield, "the Mountain", under Sestroretsk, near the station Lisy Nos.
So we are two girls and a man 7 guys diligently wrote notes, preparing for tests. I do not remember exactly how much was disciplines was more important to the other, all of our teachers were veterans of World War II, pilots, navigators or aircraft. Often, when we are tired from the abundance of new technical terms, plans and designs, we deliberately transferred to the war theme. And then we could spend hours listening to the memories of these wonderful people.
I do remember that we had the discipline:
The design of the airplane Yak-52
Design of the engine M-14P
Aircraft and avionics (A and RER) Yak-52. By the way, much later I taught this discipline itself, and in the same class, have other girls and boys.
I must say that dictate how the school, no one was going to us. We recorded as time to cutting, sketching the huge scheme, graphics and drawings. Sometimes breaks appending notebooks with more nimble students. Sometimes it happened that I fell asleep under the dictation of the monotonous one of our teachers. Then my post turned into a cardiogram, and not very good. First, the word passed just to the teeth and valleys were becoming smaller in amplitude, and then completely shifted downward in a flat straight line.
I remember classes in which we were engaged. There have been two: the design of the Yak-52 and 14 motor M and the second - A and RER. These classes have been equipped so that we are there with a broom was difficult to drive. So they were shut down when there were our teachers. We were allowed to get only under supervision. Or otherwise dismantling the aircraft engine would not have partial and full!
In the first class was the stand to the engine and its parts: magneto valves, candles and anything else was there. Part of the finned cylinder was cut, as usual in the tutorial, and you could see the pistons with rings. But, more importantly, in this class was the fuselage of the Yak-52 without planes. As he was dragged to the third floor - it remains a mystery to me. And, of course, we are all drawn to the fuselage like a magnet. And, most importantly, it is the smell. In this class, always smelled of oil, gasoline, and yet something elusive air.
Class A and RER was equipped with a dashboard (it seems with the Yak-50, not sure though). The shelves along the walls were altimeters, artificial horizon, and so on, which caused us terrible arguments that the name for which a particular device is needed. Disputes were not yet come stern Pavel Petrovich Dontsov. Unfortunately, this is only the name of the teacher, I remember now, after years 37. Similarly, I can not say what it was flying, it seems, he was a fighter pilot, but not sure. For us, they were all equally respected, and we do not share their particular degree of reverence for any pilot or the co-driver or the aircraft. They were there! They were people from the film "Chronicle of a dive bomber" or the heroes of the movie "go to fight some old people"!
Sometimes silence is broken old mansion loud slamming of the front door, the tramp of feet and loud noises, audible even in the corridors of the third floor and in the classroom. It is clear - it came from the airfield airplane pilots or executives, or jumpers. Healthy, red and cheerful in flight jackets, they passed us in the class of pilot training or in a parachute unit. Noisy gang passed by us, zhmuschihsya to stenochku corridors, with note-book in hand. They smelled aviation, sky, frost, planes, they passed, and hid behind the door with a very strict reading "class pilots training" or "Parachute link". Yes, among them were women, the same cheerful and aviation. We eagerly devoured every word passing by us, and then it is important, with skill, fluffed up tails to each other, discussing heard. "Rise", "landing course", "twisted over the point" ... all these snatches of conversation made us think out, lose situation, and each put forward their version.
These people also have been to us by the gods. And if our teachers were the gods of legend, these guys are close to us, the gods were now, in our time, to have been a step or two, and we believe that the first step has been taken! And the older they were perhaps five years in all ...
Studying was difficult, not only because we finished in the eleventh hour of the evening, and all faced a long road in a residential area of the city center. But rather because the information was almost none. Just what it was in the classroom, and the fact that we had time to write and sketch in the classroom. We, my friend Dima Lobko, traveled all, perhaps, the library and shops in search of the necessary literature. We approached the issue seriously and thorough. But, just what we found, we are totally disappointed. It was a serious "adult" books for schools or colleges to GA, and they did not approach us because of its seriousness and "cleverness". virtually nothing had happened for sports aircraft. Books on aerodynamics and meteorology were designed for high school, and they have been difficult for us to understand.
Spring is coming to an end, were ahead of the exams (more tests) in all subjects, long-awaited trip to the airport. I guess I was so excited and scared exams, that this part of my studies at the flying club, completely erased from the memory. I only remember that I was only one "four" (it was aerodynamics, well, she was not given to me, as it should), the rest I passed on "five".
Lisy Nos, airfield "Highland"
Attire for departure on the collective farm fields for harvesting carrots, bags with sandwiches and a thermos of tea, only girls in elegant "city" clothes (!) is our group, led by an instructor pilot assembled at the Finland Station to travel to Fox Nose. Of course, the girl in the train we were obsmeyat for neat clothes, and everyone tried to screw his joke, and only then, we came to the poor that a change of clothes for the work they had with them.
All of us were more than once in Pulkovo, but there was a different aircraft. Who remembers that time, the park of "Aeroflot" knows. Base - Tu-Tu and 154-134. Sometimes you can see the "trucks" An-12, sometimes standing on the platform of a handsome IL-86. But for us it's been "whistles" and "eggplant", we have identified themselves to the piston aircraft (or the true, the real, as we believed then!)
Airfield "Highland" was a military airfield from the movie about the war for us. As we walked down the avenue from the station to the airport, over the forest has started to take off with the roar of planes. At the airport, we almost ran. And then ... and then we washed all day aircraft belly, dragged batteries, cylinders with compressed air, sometimes rolled or wheeled aircraft on the parking lot or the parking lot. In general, we have been part of this wonderful community, we were aviators. We could be at the next time gazovki could climb into the cockpit of An-2, we were inside the aircraft!
It must be said that the technology in the Leningrad flying club, was in those years is enough. The range Yak-50, range Yak-52, several AN-2, the pair Z-37 Vilga. Separately, lying on the grass glider "Amber" and "Blanik". The flights were very intense. At the sound of the roar of low-flying Yak, our girls are puckered, as we pretended that the sound standard for us. Although these sounds, the sounds of the screw piston aircraft, inside each of us trembled with joy! It was a real airfield life, it was boiling and seething. We landed and flew Yaks, swirled above our heads in a difficult maneuvers. Then he flew a glider, soaring over the "mother" - Bilgah, and in the evening went up one or two An-2 and trained paratroopers. At the airport I was loping (who does not know it's such a swing, pie, which twist "sun"), was a tower simulator for the excercise of landing by parachute. It was the fuselage of An-2, which worked out the correct separation from the aircraft. There were summer houses personnel aero club pilots, technicians, doctors, garage with benzozapravschike and "shishiga" (on-board gas-66) which were taken from a flying club parachutes and drove the boys from the parachute unit. And, of course, I stood in the middle of the KDP with a balcony and with a mast, on which hung a striped "sausage". All as it should be on the airfield (and for us it was like in the movies)
We, the students of the school "young pilot" leaving the most recent. Helped technicians refuel planes wiped the soot from the pipes, to shroud all sides. Our girls are clean and elegant, and we, grimy and smelling all the scents of the field aerodrome back on the train home. Talking had neither the strength nor the desire. It's then, and now the emotions and impressions Crazy! We were attached to the most sacred in our lives - to the aviation, we have become aviators!
16 years later, I'll be back in a flying club, in this time Aerotechnics A and RER, and a teacher, but that's another story.
When I was preparing this material, quite by chance, on the web, I found photos of the aerodrome of those years. And although the author Vladimir PonomarevApparently, he was an athlete-parachutist, his photographs give a good representation of the life of the aerodrome Leningrad City flying club DOSAAF. I thank him for that individual and ask him to forgive me for what I use photos without permission, even though they are freely available on the web.
Under some photos, I did a little explanation.
Photos from the archives of Vladimir Ponomarenko. Leningrad flying club 1980-1982gg. Unfortunately, I did not know of anyone who got in Vladimir camera lens, and because I leave a photo without comment.
Aeroklubovsky gas-66 takes children from the parachute unit in front of the Airclub Tolmachyov.
Happy guys. They go skydiving.
Placing parachute in a parachute link Tolmachyov
The parade of the Soviet automobile industry at the airport "Highland"
Aeroklubovskie AN-2, Yak and Yak-50-52
"Fifties" and "pyatdesyatvtorye"
Especially for Valery Smirnov Avia.Pro
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation