Films about the plane crash.
Suburb of New York. 1990.
January 25 1990 years. Air traffic controllers across the United States closely followed the progress of a large storm front.
Meteorologist: Close cyclone formed in the Great Lakes region and moved from there to the east, fast approaching New York. It closed to aviation entire northeast United States.
Due to the deterioration in weather significantly increased the risk of accidents during takeoff and landing aircraft. Flights were canceled or postponed. But despite the bad weather, due to the high workload of the Washington airport, air traffic controllers asked their colleagues from New York to take as much as possible of passenger flights. In fact, Mission Control Center forced dispatchers to take the number of flights over the safe side chapel. Many aircraft already in the air and they had to be planted.
Expert: Shortly before the departure of the company's pilots Medellin "Avianca"I had been warned about the worsening weather.
However, a few hours later a dense fog and low clouds completely hid the runway. Admission aircraft Airport "Kennedy" deteriorated significantly.
At this time in Colombia carried out check-in 52 company «Avianca» tickets (Boeing 707-321B), Who flew to New York. Flight engineer Mathias Maya controlled refueling aircraft. 36 tons of fuel would be enough and on a long flight, and to perform additional preplant maneuvering. Exactly at 15: 00 52 flight company «Avianca» departed from Medellin with a full supply of fuel on board. Total for this flight in the US have been reported 158 passengers and crew members.
By evening, the weather conditions at the John F. Kennedy airport area became critical. Because of the strong congestion runways, planes circled for a long time in the sky. Unable to change the flight route, the foreign planes were forced to wait in line for landing. At the height of 1500-foot wind reached hurricane strength. Air traffic controllers have made desperate efforts to control the movement of aircraft in the skies over New York. At that time, The airport has only one runway for receiving the arriving aircraft. An increasing number of aircraft flocked over New York. All were waiting for their turn. But the flight crew did not know about this 52. The pilots did not even sent inquiries about the state of the weather in the vicinity of airports in New York and Boston.
Judge: I can not imagine how the people responsible for the lives of more than a hundred passengers can be flown without specifying the weather situation.
Accident 1990 year.
Meanwhile, the aircraft entered the airspace near Norfolk. Before New York was less than 40 minutes of flight. 50 year old captain of the aircraft Lorean Kalides was a very experienced pilot, but it summed poor knowledge of the English language. Therefore, all communication with air traffic control was carried out 28 years copilot Maurissio chattering. The third member of the crew was a flight engineer Mathias Maya.
Expert: It was a highly skilled crew. They are not the first time carried out a flight to New York on the company's aircraft "Avianca.
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Not far from the Norfolk crew encountered the first difficulties. As manager post, they had to make a circle over the Atlantic Ocean in anticipation of landing. The crew are still not aware of the serious deterioration in the airport area. Fuel reserves would be enough for another flight 2 hours.
The area on the northeastern United States for air transport is one of the most congested in the world. aircraft flow is distributed into three branches. They are then distributed to different airports. That evening flight 52 was under the control of six controllers. Each of them made every effort so that he got safely to the destination.
While terrestrial services tried to put some aircraft, flight 52 flew along the coast of Virginia. Finally, he gave a course on New York. However, new troubles were coming. When approaching the airport, the weather has become not just a bad and dangerous. By the time the plane had already exhausted the reserves of fuel and flight flew on standby. Pilots consider the possibility to land in Boston. They appealed to the dispatcher. He began to ask for Boston, but was distracted by another plane, and I forgot about the request flight 52. Fuels remained at 89 minutes. The situation is deteriorating by the minute.
Passenger: As soon as the flight was delayed, I began to worry. People around also started to get nervous.
Finally, managers gave a long-awaited permission to land. Pilots had hoped to go to the strip the first time. But that night it was possible not all. When approaching the airport landing followed by a retreat. The plane did not give the right to sit, and the crew waited.
Judge: Actually, the plane made three times prelanding maneuver around the airport. It could not affect the well-being of the crew. They used to fly from point "A" to point "B" instead of laps on the stadium.
40 beginning of the last minutes of flight. By the time the pilot is in a state of lethargy. When the manager asked to make another circle over the airport, the crew began to get nervous. According to their calculations of fuel was running out. Realizing this, given the rate of ground services to the airport. However, even before they were 4 plane. Manager in charge of approaching aircraft, the board passed under the tutelage 52 Manager from the tower of the airport "Kennedy." Surprisingly, he did not say anything about a colleague empty tanks of the aircraft.
Suburb of New York. 1990.
Expert: No dispatcher warned that the plane is running out of fuel. So he just gave the crew a confirmation of the transfer of their landing at the airport. Manager is ready to put the board in place 52 as other planes.
At the height of 500 feet above the ground was very strong gusty wind. Due to the lack of fuel it had to be perfect to go to the gate. The crew waited for a permit. Fuels remained at 18 minutes. Fuel was so scarce that the co-pilot until recently delayed the landing gear in order to avoid stopping the engine.
Expert: It is extremely important that the plane landed on the first call. On the record of negotiations hear the captain argued with the first pilot, fully open flaps. The aircraft braked too quickly.
It was then that the flight engineer should have to report that fuel remained at one go. But he did not. Before the band was 4 km and fuel only 10 minutes. Suddenly, the plane hit severe turbulence. The rate suddenly dropped to 40 nodes. Wind literally pressed to the ground plane. The pilots sought out the eyes of the runway, but there was only fog. Onboard computer began to issue a warning about the dangerous proximity of the earth. Pilots to increase engine power and went to climb. They missed. We needed a second run. The captain started very nervous. The situation was critical.
Expert: While flight 52 unfolded over the airport and again to stand in line to land, the number of aircraft in the air has increased dramatically.
Crew to rely on air traffic control instructions. They had to perform a U-turn and then take a turn. The plane was down and was flying just in the last liters of fuel. Unfortunately, the pilots lost sight of that time approach and the approach it would take at least 15 minutes. They did not have that time. When the plane carried prelanding maneuver inside the bulb began to flicker. The engine did not have enough power. A few seconds later they decayed.
Passenger: When switched off the engine, I asked the woman sitting next to me to shake his hand in farewell. I knew that we would soon perish.
Manager gave the airplane a full emergency priority, but he had already fallen with broken engines. Before the band was 15 kilometers. After a 6,5 hours after departure from Colombia flight 52 company «Avianca» disappeared from radar screens. The plane crashed in a small town near New York City.
Immediately began a rescue operation. Its easier that at the crash site did not fire broke out. Even before the arrival of the emergency services, local residents began to help the victims to get out. From terrible blow cockpit detached from the main part of the aircraft. She was lying in the courtyard of an apartment house, in 80 feet from the crash site.
Passenger: I saw the fireman, who climbed onto the wing. He shouted to the others, that there is someone alive. So me and saved.
Boeing 707 disaster.
By the accident site were drawn 37 fire brigades from all of Nassau County. In total, the rescue operation managed to save 85 people. The only survivor of the crash crew member, the senior steward appeared. While rescuers were searching for survivors, investigators searched for flight recorders. After graduating rescue they immediately launched an investigation.
Investigator: To our surprise, the body of the aircraft is practically not injured.
Investigating the causes of the crash, the experts quickly discovered the first important evidence of what happened.
Investigator: It was found that at the time of the crash all its engine is not running. None of the turbine does not rotate.
The experts examined the fuel tanks, and found in them a few gallons of fuel. It became clear why the engines stopped. We had to find someone to blame for what happened. Who was responsible for the fact that the airplane is fully developed fuel? In the laboratory of the National Committee for Transportation Safety (NTSB) experts unscrambled data "black boxes". Information from them could shed light on the cause of the disaster.
Investigator: When in Washington we opened the container with the device, it turned out that he had been removed from a tape recording of the last flight. Someone deliberately made so that the information about the flight did not get into our hands. Just cut a piece of tape.
As a result, the experts had to rely solely on the record with the cockpit, which recorded crew discussions with air traffic controllers. The captain of the aircraft often asked the first pilot to repeat or clarify the meaning of his coming on board information. Unfortunately, not all depended on the crew.
Judge: Did the decision of the captain himself fully to develop fuel? No. He found himself in a similar situation the fault of air traffic controller.
The data record was clear what efforts have been made the crew to land the plane in zero visibility. Before the pilots were informed that at the height of 1500 ft blowing strong gusty wind. However, they had not been warned that the same situation was at the height of 300 feet. Flight crew 52 was trapped. They have not had a chance to cope with turbulence near the ground. Paradoxically, flight 52 company «Avianca» became a kind of record for the number of survivors in the crash.
Accident Boeing 707 - 1990 year.
Later, after the publication of the results of the investigation, investigators descended on the criticism of the trade union of air traffic controllers. They believed that the experts around the accused only ground staff. It was announced that pilots are not properly informed about the situation dispatchers on board. In consequence of the controllers were unable to make a decision that is consistent with current events.
The final conclusion of the expert committee, it was stated that the actions of the air traffic controllers, aircraft factories on land, there were no errors. Survivors of the accident is regarded as an insult. Terrestrial Services won a court case. In response, the company «Avianca» sued the American service of air traffic safety. The case was won, and the US side has paid 40 million disaster victims and their relatives.
Sorry, but the crash happened because of the banal not understand the seriousness of the situation and the lack of proper co-operation of all services.
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