Unmanned aerial vehicle X-45 model has been designed and manufactured the world-renowned airline Boeing. The first test flight was made in California in the spring of the year 2002. The test flight was carried out in the desert near Edwards Air Force Base. When testing the machine automatically carried out a qualitative gap between the ground and then easily gained height in 2,2 kilometers, with a top speed in 360 km / h. Then, after describing a circle over the base, successfully implemented a landing on the surface of the former lake. The entire flight took 14 minutes, the chassis not to remove the device.
The flight took place on a given program, and with ground control points were fed only the speed command and height. The machine perfectly fulfilled all that was asked by the flight program.
Designing of the UAV unit was engaged in Phantom Works, which is part of the Boeing Corporation. The job has been delivered by the Air Force and the Pentagon. The military plans to install on board the machine homing bombs, it will allow to use it in the most dangerous situations, in addition, the apparatus can suppress the work of ground and air radar systems and disrupt enemy air defenses.
The developers and the military have made great strides in creating X-45, because it can fly more than 1 thousand kilometers without landing, and the machine can operate at an altitude of quality 9 kilometers and reach speeds in 965 km / h. Search for another purpose occurs 30 minutes before flying machine and can then apply a powerful airstrike homing bombs, a total weight of up to 1,3 tons. To carry out further operations, aircraft X-45 be transported via aircraft type Lockheed C-5 or Boeing C-17. In the future it is planned to create a new UAV that can act as a fighter and to hit aerial targets effectively.
Workers strike UAV X-45 have a greater mass than the prototype. For service units began in 2008 year. In addition to the new machine, in the US arsenal, there are other drones, the most successful is the Predator, it has been used in Afghanistan, inflicting missile strikes.
Not long ago, the airline "Boeing" has lost a large tender for the creation of a new unmanned aircraft company Lockheed Martin. In turn, Boeing plans to release a large number of devices X-45, which will be three times cheaper than superBPLA from the company Lockheed.
It should be noted that a modified version has been developed under the designation X-45S. the first unit was manufactured, which exhibited at many exhibitions. 900 million dollars has been allocated for the development of the project. Yet in 2006, the project was closed and returned to the financing and development of the standard model of the X-45. Finally, the project was terminated in the year 2009, the main reason for the closure was the US Navy's own production of UAVs for UCAS program. Also on the X-45 replacement came a new and high-quality machine X-47.
|Wing area, m2|
|engine's type||1 turbofan Honeywell F124-GA-100|
|Thrust, kN||X 1 28.0|
|The maximum speed M||0.75|
|Practical range, km|
|Practical ceiling, m||10670|
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