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X-45
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X-45

X-45

The unmanned aircraft of the X-45 model was designed and manufactured by the world famous Boeing. The first test flight was carried out in the spring of 2002 in California. A test flight was carried out in the desert near the Edwards Air Force Base. When testing the machine independently conducted a qualitative separation from the ground, after which it easily gained altitude in 2,2 kilometer, while developing the maximum speed in 360 km / hour. After that, having described the circle above the base, safely landed on the surface of the former lake. The entire flight took 14 minutes, with the chassis of the device not removed.

The flight took place on a given program, and with ground control points were fed only the speed command and height. The machine perfectly fulfilled all that was asked by the flight program.

Designing of the UAV unit was engaged in Phantom Works, which is part of the Boeing Corporation. The job has been delivered by the Air Force and the Pentagon. The military plans to install on board the machine homing bombs, it will allow to use it in the most dangerous situations, in addition, the apparatus can suppress the work of ground and air radar systems and disrupt enemy air defenses.

Developers and military have achieved great success in creating X-45, as it can fly more than 1 thousand kilometers without landing, while the car can work at a high altitude of 9 kilometers and develop speed at 965 km / h. The search for the target takes place over 30 minutes before the aircraft reaches the airspace, after which it can deal a powerful air attack with homing bombs with a total mass of up to 1,3 tons. To conduct long-range operations, the X-45 aircraft will be transported using an aircraft such as Lockheed C-5 or Boeing C-17. In the future, it is planned to create a new UAV, which can act as a fighter and effectively hit air targets.

Workers strike UAV X-45 have a greater mass than the prototype. For service units began in 2008 year. In addition to the new machine, in the US arsenal, there are other drones, the most successful is the Predator, it has been used in Afghanistan, inflicting missile strikes.

Not long ago, the airline "Boeing" has lost a large tender for the creation of a new unmanned aircraft company Lockheed Martin. In turn, Boeing plans to release a large number of devices X-45, which will be three times cheaper than superBPLA from the company Lockheed.

It should be noted that a modified version has been developed under the designation X-45S. the first unit was manufactured, which exhibited at many exhibitions. 900 million dollars has been allocated for the development of the project. Yet in 2006, the project was closed and returned to the financing and development of the standard model of the X-45. Finally, the project was terminated in the year 2009, the main reason for the closure was the US Navy's own production of UAVs for UCAS program. Also on the X-45 replacement came a new and high-quality machine X-47.

X-45. Characteristics:



Modification X-45A
Wingspan, m 10.31
Length m 8.03
Height, m 2.03
Wing area, m2  
Weight, kg  
null 3629
maximum 5529
engine's type 1 turbofan Honeywell F124-GA-100
Thrust, kN X 1 28.0
The maximum speed M 0.75
Practical range, km  
Practical ceiling, m 10670

 

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