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Mark ANT-1-22
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Mark ANT-1-22

The aircraft TupolevMk-1 (ANT-22). Photo. Story. Characteristics.

 

Mk-1 (ANT-22) - plane the boat, which first took to the skies in 1934 year.

HistoryMk-1 (ANT-22)

MK-1 became the third flying boat designed and built at TsAGI. Prior to his appearance a similar type of aircraft designs were MDR and MDR-2-4. Work on the design of the designer assigned to the group II Pogossky that in 1933 year became a separate team of TsAGI. The plan was to create an aircraft that could produce the marine exploration in remote areas, to accompany the fleet to carry out bombing enemy bases and installations. On the shoulders of the new machine was planned to hang not only the fulfillment of these tasks, but also those who carried out the bombers, torpedo bombers and scouts of the time. It was selected dvuhlodochnaya design scheme that provides for the carriage of bulky goods, such as torpedo boats and small submarines.

DesignMk-1 (ANT-22)

Housing ANT-22 was completely made of metal cladding and tail wings - corrugated.

Wing cantilever, chetyrehlonzheronnoe. Boats which had a width of up to 2,5 meters, gave the aircraft the necessary seakeeping and a good indicator of lateral stability.

Mark ANT-1-22

At the center-top special pylons were three engine M-34. The structure of the power plant also included two-bladed wooden propellers diameter of 4,2 m. Drawing screws are a common step - 3,35 m pushing - 3, 96 m. The total capacity of the power plant is 4950 hp Fuel is placed in four tanks, total capacity of which amounted to 9500 liter capacity oil tanks - 1530 l.

Crew Mk-1 (ANT-22)

The flight crew consisted of four people: two pilots, the captain and navigator. Total crew-boats was 10-12 people. The central nacelle equipped room for two pilots, a navigator and a flight engineer. It was fixed on the axis of symmetry in the center section of the wing. Gondola crew did a two-step, to provide a good overview of the engines during flight. Mechanic was located on the upper level, the lower ranked cockpit. Top cabin hatch was a mechanic, otdrait who could gain access to the motors of the plane.

The right and left of the boat equipped to contain six shooters. Also, place the front of the arrow on the right boat located the cabin radio operator. He dealt with the radio station CPM-1, which can transmit and receive radio data from up to 350 km. The center section was a place mechanic who serviced the engines, and a toilet for the crew.

Mark ANT-1-22

Housing boats smoothly into the vertical tail. Its lower part is connected to the fixed narrow stabilizer, and the top - mobile, which is fitted a canvas.

weaponryMk-1 (ANT-22)

Artillery and small arms were placed in boats. The boat left sequentially installed shielded turret: Bow - gun ShKAS, rear - cannon 20 mm aft - coaxial machine gun YES-2. In the right boat took a nose turret gun "Oerlikon" back - gun ShKAS, feed - Spark YES-2. Ammunition was two guns 600 shells, and all the guns - 14 thousand. Cartridges.

The aircraft can carry on board so 6000 kg or four bombs weighing up to 4800 aviatorpedy kg. Aerial bombs were located in eight bomb bay, which had a height of 1,4 m. Cassette holders CD -2 used for bombs, mass was 100 kilograms or more. Suspended bomb (6 pcs. Kg of 1000, 12 pcs. Of 500 20 kg or pcs. Of 250 kg) or torpedoes (4 pcs. Of 1200 kg) held on the external sling beamed holders.

Mk-1 (ANT-22) characteristics:



Modification MK-1
Wingspan, m 51.60
Length m 24.10
Height, m 6.36
Wing area, m2 304.5
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 22340
normal takeoff 33560
engine's type 6 PD M-34R
Power, hp X 6 830
Maximum speed km / h  
near the ground 205
on high 223
Cruising speed, km / h 187
Practical range, km 1300
The maximum rate of climb, m / min 48
Practical ceiling, m 2250
Crew 6
Armament: The boat left sequentially installed shielded turret: Bow with a machine gun ShKAS, back (behind the wing) with 20-mm cannon fodder and (for the vertical tail surfaces) with the coaxial machine gun 7.62-mm DA-2. The nose turret right boat had 20-mm Oerlikon gun, back - 7.62-mm machine gun ShKAS and fodder - Spark YES-2. Maximum ammunition consisted of two guns 600 shells, and all onboard machine guns - 14000 cartridges.
Bomber weapons - suspension to 6000 kg bombs or torpedoes four aircraft a total weight of up to 4800 kg.
The bombs were placed inside mezhlodochnogo center section of the wing, the thickness of which made it possible to equip it eight bomb bay with a cassette holder for 32 bombs weighing 100 kg and outside - on the beam holders, designed for suspension or six bombs weighing 1000 kg or four torpedoes weighing 1200 kg.

 

Aircraft

Comments

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To be honest, when I saw this plane, I was surprised. I was very interested in what this plane boat. This aircraft as it is made of two identical planes. It is very interesting. The fact that there were two boats, gave a big plus - is stability, which in the main plane. But how long to linger on the appearance, I do not want to.
I want to share their experiences at the expense of performance. In fact, the aircraft is very powerful. With that, he dvuhlodochny it accelerates the rate of 187 km / h. To him fly a normal weight should be 33000 kg.
More I was very interested in weapons that stood on it. Not only in what flying machines of the time (1934-1937) can be seen at once three machine gun and two guns. This is a very interesting and entertaining, because it could lead continuous fight between the enemy. Follow this purpose, and immediately control the plane could in fact, the crew is made up of 6 people.
In my opinion, the aircraft is very good, as is well-armed, high range and accuracy, and even rate, and for those hard times it was very good. He had a small height, but the width of the range and is particularly large.

Oh yes, not a bad plane. Made by catamaran scheme. The explanatory apparatus. Kind of like was the largest seaplane. True fly long (((and very popular and have not got, but still could get a good boatman.

I do not know ... I do not much like the MC. If you believe the stories in the practice of international maritime aircraft vehicles, two boats, or when not used very popular. After reading a lot of thematic manuals, I realized that most of it was about the problematic issues of seaworthiness and hydraulics. As often mentioned an urgent need to strengthen the structure. Oh ... well, it was a lot of good reasons for a big "NO" to the project. Although the machine itself is impressive.

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