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Plane crash of the Tu-154B-1 in Pulkovo Airport. 1991
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Plane crash of the Tu-154B-1 in Pulkovo Airport. 1991

Plane crash of the Tu-154B-1 CAA Leningrad in Pulkovo airport

  • Date plane crash: 23.05.1991, the

  • Time of the crash: 13:06

  • Country of the crash: the USSR

  • Location of the crash: Airport St. Petersburg (Pulkovo)

  • aircraft Brand: Tu-154B-1

  • Registration of aircraft: SSSR85097

  • Name of air carrier: Aeroflot (USSR)

  • Subdivision: Leningrad CAA, 1-th of Leningrad

  • Flight: 8556

Chronology of events:

The largest vertical descent rate at a distance to the runway threshold 150m was 7 m / s, and the smallest value of the pitch angle - 4-5 degrees dive. RLE Tu-154 thus prohibits the RU after passing all the vertical maneuvers and does not advise to change the engine RPM is greater than on 5 percent during landing. Significant re rebalancing aircraft significantly narrowed the likelihood of stabilization at the final approach segment, this could also contribute to the visual impact on the assessment of aircraft pilots torrential rain. The crew of 2,5 seconds on the touch at approximately 20 m from the ground at the rate of descent 7 m / s, realizing the danger of a rough landing, completely took the wheel "over" (elevator strayed all the way to kabrirovanie- 29 °) almost simultaneously with the growth of regime of the engines before takeoff (the time of touch turnover increased to 75 percent HPC). There was positive growth vertical acceleration, pitch angle became more on 8 degrees with an angular velocity to pitch 2,2 degrees per second.

On the airspeed 250 km / h at 13: 06: 13 plane landed on the blind area of ​​the PBC, which has a counter slope of 3 degree with almost no roll, with a course of 100 degree, with a slight (approximately 1 degree) a negative pitch angle with respect to the blind area of ​​the PBC with a vertical speed reduction 7 m / s. The first touch took the front landing gear (for 6,3 m to the band), then the main landing gear (for 9,9-13,2 m to the band). At a rough landing vertical acceleration is not less than 4,5 units, which is higher than the value of the breaking. There was a breakdown in the fuselage 49-53 area frames in its upper part. Buckled chassis. The destruction in the future of the aircraft took place under the influence of off-design loads when driving it on the concrete strip and on the ground. The fuselage broke into three parts. The tail piece on the band stopped right in the direction of the expanded mission. The central part of the fuselage center section and breakaway cockpit partially stopped in 80 meters to the left of the strip on the ground as a right turn. No fire occurred. 13 passengers, including 2 children, were killed. The commander and 37 passengers seriously injured.

Plane crash of the Tu-154B-1 in Pulkovo Airport. 1991

Data on victims:

  • Total on board were people 181: 7 174 crew members and passengers. Total killed 13 people: 13 passengers.

Details of the crash:

  • Phase of flight: the approach

  • Identified causes of the crash: crew error

Data on the plane:

  • aircraft Brand: Tu-154B-1

  • Aircraft ID: SSSR85097

  • Country where registered aircraft: the USSR

  • Date of manufacture of the aircraft: 1975

  • Serial number of the aircraft :: 75A097

Flight data:

  • Flight: 8556

  • Tour type: Regular passenger

  • The aviation company Aeroflot (USSR)

  • Division: CAA Leningrad, 1-th of Leningrad

  • The country, which was registered aviation company: USSR

  • Flying from: Sukhumi (Babushera)

  • Flying in: St. Petersburg (Pulkovo)

  • Original item: Sukhumi (Babushera)

  • A final point: St. Petersburg (Pulkovo)

Additional information:

Plane crash of the Tu-154B-1 in Pulkovo Airport. 1991

Information about the crew:

  • KBC VK Mikhailov

  • copilot VZ pies

  • Flight Engineer AN Suslin

  • navigator VS Ivanov

Comments

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Manager allowed range reduction to 900 meters to the third turn after the completion of which was handed over to the crew cleared to descend to circuit height - 600 meters.

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