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Refuelling aircraft. Refuelling equipment airports.
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Refuelling aircraft. Refuelling equipment airports.

Refueling aircraft fuel.

 

Filling Equipment airports is part of the airport infrastructure and the process is designed to provide aircraft refueling, automotive and other ground equipment fuel and lubricants. Development and improvement of the composition, type, specific application and maintenance of fueling equipment at all stages is inextricably linked with the requirements of refueling aircraft fuel and ground equipment, systems, training them to work on the flight and flight operations as well as the performance of fuels and lubricants.

 

By filling using a bucket and a funnel with a strainer before the war to the pump-fueling units on the chassis of GAZ-AA and benzozapravschike military development period, further to the bowsers on chassis ZIL and MAZ capacity tanks to 16 000 liters and a simplified system of centralized refueling Aircraft in the post-war period to 1970, then to the construction of stationary centralized fueling systems in a number of civil aviation airports and the creation of medium and large fuel tankers tee TK-22, 30-TK, ATZ-60-8685 and 90-ATZ-8685S So goes the development of refueling equipment during the period up to 1990 years.

 

Filling Equipment airports.

 

 

By this time, the basic requirements have been fulfilled to the filling equipment airports. Particular attention was paid to ensuring the quality of jet fuel by installation of filters with improved characteristics (up to 5 microns), the performance fueling the transition from the open method of filling the closed (molding) process (from 300 - 400 l / min up to 1500 - 2500 l / min through one filling pipe), a decrease hydropercussion processes at a gas station by the use of dampers, as well as reduce the dangers of electrostatic fuel through the use of filters with minimum electrifying properties and converters static induction type.

 

Refueling aircraft fuel

 

Our equipment domestic airports at the turn of the year 2000 basically meet the requirements for timely and safe aircraft fueling aircrafts (AC) state and civil aviation.

Past domestic and foreign experience of development of airports refueling equipment was characterized by a certain degree "by competition" between the stationary Sun centralized fueling system fuel (the hub) and bowsers (ATZ). At the same time, experts noted the mobility and autonomy of the ATZ in comparison with the FPP. In the early stages of development is applied to APP at the beginning of the new elements filling lines (filters with filtering capacity 5 microns-water separators, filters, pressure regulators and flow rate, etc.), then they were introduced in aggregates threading the hub.


 

This explains, according to foreign experts, impulsive increase in orders for APP with each new generation of aircraft with higher capacity tanks and reception capabilities of fuel systems, an increase in other assets of the filling process. With some delay, the advantage still remained behind the upgraded or new DZS because of lower specific operating costs. Nevertheless, ATZ was given a worthy place in some joint-based and shared airports, as well as in a number of international airports. Based on the economic justification there was a decent "niche" for the use of ATZ in other airports of the GA. The ATZ still occupies a special place in providing flights in airports with a low flight intensity, where the construction of a gas filling station is economically impractical or, for various reasons, impossible.

 

 

Over the last 10 - 15 years, the refueling equipment for aviation ground equipment has changed significantly. In accordance with the international requirements of safe transport of dangerous goods by road after 1996 years significantly changed the appearance, technical equipment of the domestic automotive assets refueling (ATZ) and transportation (AC) of petroleum products that are used by fuel and refueling airports for refueling automotive and other equipment, as well as for Transportation of oil products, including aviation fuel. This is most typical for regional airports and airfields with undeveloped infrastructure.

The object of the study is a set of filling equipment for filling the Sun "Boeing - 757". The aim of the work is the choice of the filling unit of the hub for refueling Boeing-757.

 

Refill the hub units of the system and their types

CZ 1 M

TSZT 4 (4M / 4M2)

MAN TGL 8.150 4x2 Euro3

Petrol Renault

The mobile unit MAZ 4370

Military refueling unit Peugeot

FOR TSZSVS system Mercedes

Avia.pro

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