The survivors of a plane crash.Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia. ASA.
Next is an article called "The survivors of a plane crash". Atlanta Airport in Georgia - this is one of the busiest airports in the United States. Also, the airport is the base of the local airline« ASA ». Her 83 turboprop aircraft serving the city of the northeastern coast of the United States. In 1995 flights served by the Brazilian aircraft EmbraerEquipped with electronic equipment.
Captain Edward Genoa and copilot Matthew Uormerdem preparing for flight ASE 529 in Gulfport, Mississippi. Captain Genoa worked with the company for 7 years. Passengers of the flight, to a greater extent been tempered hops businessmen. This flight was supposed to be one of the thousands in their lives.
21 1995, in August 12: 25 delayed by half an hour, they took off.
Co-pilot: I think any pilot would agree that our relationship to the Brazilian aircraft - a mixture of love and hate. At that time it was the fastest turboprop aircraft. He it was not easy to manage.
The aircraft successfully gained altitude and the captain disconnected the inscription "fasten your seat belts." Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia I flew on autopilot and climbing to cruising altitude 7300 meters. However, to make it to the end and failed.
Second pilot: There was a terrible roar. As if someone had forcefully struck by an aluminum bat bokeh. The aircraft immediately banked to the left.
Passenger: In my sleep, I heard a loud crash and immediately woke up. Out the window, I saw that the left wing of the outer coating was thwarted. I saw parts of the engine. It implies some sort of liquid.
The emergency occurred at the height of 5500 meters. Devices pilots reported fault in the left engine. The autopilot disconnected and captain of Genoa moved on manual control of the aircraft. At that time, the rate of decline was approximately 1600 meters per minute. After a few seconds the engine oil leaked from the damaged compartment of the air conditioner and the interior began to fill with smoke.
The pilots did not know that the engine was damaged and tried to restart it, to align the plane. Then they noticed a signal that the left engine ignited and turned off the fuel supply to it. With the help of a steering wheel and levers pilots tried to compensate for the left bank. However, the force that pulled the damaged left wing was irresistible.
Since the engine and the wing of the aircraft were damaged, the aerodynamic properties are hopelessly compromised. Bort ASE 529 rapidly losing height. The crew should focus on the instruments, which indicated their speed, height and power of a single serviceable engine.
Expert: The aircraft can fly on one engine. But the board ASE 529 not only refused the left engine. It is strongly tilted, which significantly violated the aerodynamics of the aircraft.
The pilots managed to slow the catastrophic decline of the aircraft, but did not overcome it. They flew at the speed of 360 km / h. Genoa captain was puzzled. He has had to fly on such aircraft with a single engine. However, this time things did not go according to plan. It was obvious that failure was very serious. The crew told the dispatcher fault, and he immediately gave them a direct route to the airport in Atlanta. Before the runway had to fly more kilometers 90. To reach the captain of the band experimented with management and trying to slow down the rate of descent. Suddenly, the plane pulled up the nose, and the rate fell to 300 km / h. ASE 529 board was already at the height of 3500 meters. For some time, the pilots managed to control the plane. They informed the passengers that soon will make an emergency landing at the airport in Atlanta.
Over time, the crew realized that to hold on to Atlanta will not succeed. Manager have pilots that they could sit on a local airstrip, which was to 16 km. However, he was so busy with the critical situation on board ASE 529, did not notify the emergency services. The aircraft again made a left turn and heads for the small airport. The co-pilot was trying to find in the directory why engine failure, however, it did not have time. Under the plane was a veil of clouds, and the crew was flying at the rate specified dispatcher.
Passengers: Flight attendant hurriedly began to prepare us for an emergency landing. Then I realized that our situation is bad. However, almost all the passengers were flying a lot. Therefore, no one shouted, there was no panic.
Bort ASE 529 still rapidly losing altitude. The airport was two minutes of summer, but the height is only 1280 meters. The captain asked the manager to give them direction vectors to bring the plane to the strip by the shortest route. Suddenly, the plane came out of the clouds, and the pilots saw a shocking picture. No airport was not! Around only the forest and the village. They reported to the dispatcher that their height 580 meters. It struck Manager. Just a moment ago, the height was more 1000 meters. The descent is too fast. And before the band was still 10 kilometers.
Selection of air accidents is in rezdele
Through the porthole stewardess I saw the tops of trees and ordered the passengers to regroup. Even the remaining 6 kilometers were too great a distance to the damaged aircraft. Pilots headed to a nearby field to not fall into the forest. In the cockpit sounded different alarms. Speed - 220 km / h. At high speed the plane landed in a field in Bervele Georgia. In a quiet village where people live peacefully, many witnessed the tragedy.
Eyewitness: The plane landed on its belly right on the field near our house. I immediately ran to the scene of an accident, and my Jack phoned the emergency services.
8 minutes have passed since the co-pilot said in Atlanta an emergency, however, the controller did not pass a message to rescuers. Those few minutes were a matter of life and death. Local emergency service due to eyewitnesses of the tragedy, worked quickly, but it was far away.
After hitting a moment there was complete silence. The fuselage broke in two. When the dust settled it was found that All 29 people miraculously survived.
Passenger: The situation was astounding. I could not believe that I was alive. I could not believe it.
Co-pilot: The last thing I remember - it's crackling of broken trees. I do not remember the moment of impact.
However, a new problem creeping up. From the beginning of the damaged fuel tanks leaking fuel. From spark ignited fuel vapors. It started a large fire. In just a few seconds, the flames engulfed the entire fuselage. Rear compartment passengers were in a fiery trap. A fault in the plane was engulfed in flames, and the people who were selected through it too burned.
The situation was getting worse and worse. The cockpit is strongly deformed. Captain, hitting his head on the steering wheel, unconscious. Matthew Uormerdem dislocated right shoulder and hit the glass emergency ax.
- Passenger: Some of the passengers riding on the grass. So they tried to extinguish the flames.
- Co-pilot: Aviation glass very thick. It is much stronger than the windshield of the car. It is multi-layered. The layers are welded at a high temperature, so the finish is very durable. Each stroke of the ax, I was able to split off a small piece of glass.
To help the copilot ran one of the passengers. Despite the fact that the plane might explode at any moment, he quickly began to cut glass. Oxygen tank, which was in the cockpit gave a hole, and it aggravated the situation.
While the local rescue services have rushed to the rescue. Suddenly, the plane broke out with renewed vigor, but that did not stop the brave passengers and he continued to break the glass in order to save the pilot. Finally, rescue services arrived at the scene of an accident. By the time all but the pilot got out of the plane. We had to pull them out.
Firefighter: First of all it was necessary to break through the rear wall of the cab. It was burning. Doors were not there. I grabbed the wall and tore it off. Only then I was able to pull the pilot. He was conscious.
Unfortunately Captain Edward Genoa without regaining consciousness died of suffocation. Surviving the crash with fractures and burns were immediately taken to the hospital.
Doctor: I woke up after a night shift. When I came to the hospital to have taken a few people. As soon as I opened the door and immediately smelled jet fuel.
All day Dr. Mitchell treated charred passengers. Unfortunately, a week later, some passengers had died from severe burns.
The National Transportation Safety engaged in investigating the accident. There were several groups that explored different parts of crashed aircraft. One of them dealt with propellers.
Investigator: We went to the crash site, and as usual looked around to determine where to look for fragments. From the plane took off part of the propeller. We found it close to the dirt. It could be seen clear signs of cracking. These cracks may have formed from metal fatigue.
The pilots did not even have a suspicion that the cause of the engine failure was the crack in the propeller blades. But investigators it was not a novelty. 4 years prior to the disaster another Brazilian company «ASA» crashed in the woods of Georgia. Then 23 killing all people on board. The investigation revealed that the cause of the collapse of steel structural problems propeller control unit. In the accident blamed the manufacturer «Hamilton Standard». In March 1994 years 17 for months before the incident with the flight ASE 529, the blades of the other two aircraft broke down due to cracks in the metal. This is indicative of serious problems with propellers «Hamilton Standard».
The Government has instructed to check all 15000 propellers in service. The inspector took the damaged propeller side ASE 529 in the Atlanta airport. From there he went to the lab in Washington. The next morning it was observed under a scanning microscope. They were found traces of chlorine - corrosive substances, which corrode the inner walls of the blade. The question arose: how he got chlorine?
In the two previous incidents with propellers has also been the cause of corrosion caused by the presence of chlorine on the blades. The researchers saw that the inner surface of the blade formed two cracks that are connected in some breakdown. It grew until it surrounded the whole lobe. Along this line, and it fell off. But they also noticed traces of polishing. Investigators went to «Hamilton Standard», to get the maintenance records of the propellers. Investigating protocols repair blades they drew attention to the technician who performed the last operation. He was a young man who worked in the shop repairing propellers. Investigators found out, as the screw is being tested.
Propeller blades have hollow. To balance the load lays inside, and then closed cavity stopper soaked in chlorine. It was chloro corrode metal. But the technician did not find signs of corrosion. Then, as expected, he polished surface of the blade. The Commission found that by grinding the blade, workers inadvertently destroyed signs of cracking. Therefore held after the ultrasound test did not identify them. The firm's management «Hamilton Standard» was proposed to increase the responsibility.
In conclusion, the investigators said: the reason for failure was the crack in the metal fatigue. It is formed from multiple corrosion points which have not been detected due to inadequate and inefficient control. Also, the investigators noted that the main cause of death of many passengers was a fire. Fuel was burning in the engine and ignite if it will spread. Only one way out - to use less fuel oil. In 1984, the Federal Aviation Administration and NASA have already tested the new, safer fuel. However, the experience was not successful.
With 50-ies in the United States use of military aviation safer jet fuel JP-5.
Judge: The main reason for the civil sector does not become less flammable fuel is its availability and cost. Manufacturing JP-5 cost is quite expensive. In the end, everything comes down to money.
Unfortunately, the solutions are not found, will be a tragedy like the tragedy of Flight ASE 529. After the crash all survived, but the ensuing fire caused the death of some of the passengers. From 29 people flying on the ill-fated flight, 10 people died.
As regards screws, the flight ASE 529 was the last when in flight propeller refused. Since then, the process of repair and testing has become much more stringent.
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