Tupolev-BP 3D REYES-D
At the end of 70-ies, when the troops arrived complexes "Flight", began to discuss the possibility of upgrading that influenced used to improve the performance and effectiveness of application. Before OKB designers tasked with manning reconnaissance aircraft. In particular, the installation of new types of intelligence means the equipment with higher resolution capabilities and technologies that enable to carry out intelligence activities at night. In addition, representatives of power structures exposed requirements to improve indicator tactical flight data concerning range.
Ground complex, at first, it was planned to reduce the TPM on the composition of the staff, facilities and streamline operational processes. In early March 1981 the Council of Ministers of the USSR issued a decree on the establishment of a fully-BP complex doedennogo 3D "Reis-D". tactical and technical requirements for complex customer approved in February 83-year. Before the period of 1987 years CB design and build prototypes of reconnaissance drones Tu-243.
The prototype of the air rose in July 87-year. Because of the collapse of the Soviet state tests greatly delayed. They managed to finish in 2008 year. But mass production of neglect was much earlier, which is deployed in the city Kumertau at an engineering plant. All work carried out on a new set of UAVs have improved efficiency in comparison with the "Flight" in 2,5 times.
"Reis-D" actively invited other countries to export. In addition to military uses drones can be forced to deal with environmental problems, for the Ministry of Emergency Situations, or the elimination of technological disasters, including fire hazards and radiation. Airframe unmanned Tu-243 compared with Tu-143 has not undergone great changes. Aerodynamic design, propulsion and aircraft systems is preserved. Designers have updated intelligence equipment through the introduction of the new flight and navigation system, made rebuild equipment UAV increased amount of fuel.
The main purpose of intelligence is to carry out a complex intelligence operations in areas of concentration of combat equipment and troops of the enemy, exploration engineering and technical facilities, areas of environmental and natural disasters, identifying sites of forest fires, accidents, oil and gas pipelines.
Intelligence equipment mounted in two versions, and helps to perform the necessary tasks at any time. The first option involves the installation of a panoramic aerial camera on the type PA-402 and television system exploration - "Aist-M", which can transmit information in real time via a radio link "Track-M." The second option: infrared reconnaissance system "Winter-M", the PA-402, «M-track." In addition to the transfer of data to land the UAV can write information to a special storage medium. All innovations related to improving flight characteristics allowed the drone increase the radius of inspection for one flight to 2100 m2.
On UAV Tu-243 established flight-navigation complex NPK-243. He has contributed to an increase in the unit of tactical possibilities and the entire complex. It is also the time of the search was facilitated drone, with the installation of the beacon "Marker". Adopt boosters - TRZ-117A.
As a ground equipment in comparison with the "Flight" on the new complex used mobile and modernized means of technical and starting position (TLV-243, SPU-243, UNDER-3D and PDA-243). Improved performance of the whole complex.
Tupolev VR-3D Reis-D. Characteristics:
|Wing area, m2||2.90|
|engine's type||1 TRD TRZ-117A|
|Thrust, kgf||X 1 640|
|Cruising speed, km / h||850-940|
|Practical range, km||360|
|Practical ceiling, m||5000|
|The minimum flight altitude, m||50|
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