When the Soviet Air Force appeared complex "Flight", the question arose about his possible upgrades. At the end of 70-ies, this issue was addressed at the state level almost. At the meeting of senior officials were invited representative of OKB Tupolev, on which construction task modernized intelligence apparatus has been put engineers with the presence of updated technical devices and the possibility of organizing night raids. The most important of the requirements put forward was to increase the range. Regarding ground complex was demanded to reduce TPM staff composition, to facilitate operation of the process and reduce the number of support tools.
After the meeting, some time later (March 6 1981 years) left the official Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union on the establishment of a modernized complex (№249-76) BP-3D "Reis-D". The requirements and desirable characteristics have been developed for a long time. Customer gave them only later, in February 2 years. And since that time, engineers from OKB to 1987 years engaged in the development and modernization of the tactical and technical characteristics of advanced reconnaissance UAV designs. In the same EDO their encrypted under the plane 243, or Tu-243.
For the first time the UAV Tu-243 flew in July 87 years. From that time on a permanent basis are carried out both factory and state tests. These drones are an excellent substitute for the complex "Flight" and now they are produced in the city of Kumertau at an engineering plant. Thanks to the good and thorough work of the employees of OKB and plant builders together were able to improve the efficiency of the complex "Reis-D" in 2,5 times. Some elements of the complex and shown at exhibitions and presentations both within the country and abroad. Though the initial task of creating a drone belonged to the military infrastructure, yet it can be used as auxiliary equipment for the Ministry of Emergency Situations, to address a number of environmental problems, while man-made disasters, and even radiation accidents. And all will be done without human intervention, which in turn provides him with additional protection.
As for the base model for the Tu-Tu was 243-143, we can confidently assert that any changes in the structure is not observed. From the base of the developers left aerodynamic configuration, a power plant and the basic system of the aircraft. But at the same time, the modernization of the machine was a completely new intelligence equipment, have built a new flight-navigation system, increased fuel capacity. And all equipment swapped for more efficient operation of the UAV.
The main method of using complex "Reis-D" is a war. Its purpose is connected with the decision of reconnaissance missions in the areas of concentration of troops and military equipment. UAVs can also explore engineering structures, areas of natural and environmental disasters and determine the location and extent of accidents involving oil and gas, forest fires. Thanks to good preparation and staffing "drone" is able to perform the tasks, regardless of the time of day.
There are several versions of the "Reis-D" UAV complex.
The first option involves the installation of special equipment: a panoramic aerial camera PA-402 (creates a broad picture of what is happening, highly detailed), television system intelligence "Aist-M" (transmits information data in real time), radio link "Track-M" ( information transmission path).
The second embodiment is slightly different. It also installed the PA-402, but the TV system was replaced with infrared reconnaissance system, or "winter-M." It just sends information via "Downhill-M." Except for the transmission of information on the UAV Tu-243 installed recording equipment. Pretty good range increased intelligence in a single flight. He is 2100 square. km. And thanks to a special arrangement of the complex intelligence reconnaissance aircraft can be put on it, "Sigma-R".
It should be noted that to improve the tactical UAV capabilities and increase the performance of the whole complex on the Tu-243 installed, constructed on a universal element base NPK-243 (navigation and piloting complex). In the case of an unscheduled landing in a place or for a quick operation of UAV search him have built beacon "Marker".
Marching under the modernized engine drone, after which he was given a new label TRZ-117A. Solid starter motor replaced by an updated version of a lighter and at the same time powerful RDDT-243DT. Its maximum thrust - 14 820 kg.
By the composition of ground maintenance include SPU-243, 243-CCP, UNDER-3D and TPM-243. They, in contrast to the complex "Flight", is a modernized technical means and the starting position. Performance data is almost twice increased.
In 2008, the competition was held, associated with the modernization and improvement of layout drones Tu-Tu and 143-243. At the end of the contest won Tupolev.
|Wing area, m2||2.90|
|engine's type||1 TRD TRZ-117A|
|Thrust, kgf||X 1 640|
|Cruising speed, km / h||850-940|
|Practical range, km||360|
|Practical ceiling, m||5000|
|The minimum flight altitude, m||50|
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