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Tu-130 (DP)
Tu-130 (DP)

Tu-130 (DP)

Tupolev in 1957 was actively interested in beginning the development of unmanned machines. Designers do research and further development of the aircraft gliding impact of long-range, which received the original designation of "DP". When creating planned to make the last stage of the rocket impact type, which can be controlled. We decided to use the launch vehicle Installation of ballistic missiles mid-action, namely the P or P-12-5, as designers Tupolev developed my own.

On the creation of the project designers failed to calculate basic indicators. Conclusion rocket to a height of 80 100 or even kilometers performed powerful boosters. Upon reaching the desired height will be disconnected, thus setting an angle in the unfolded 90 degrees. After removing the one-time passed the necessary guidance on the purpose, after which the unit flew to the specified target for planning the flight path. The machine Tu-130 (DP), passing through the atmosphere, could go to the specified target from a distance of thousands of kilometers 4 and accelerate to the speed of the M-10. Further, the correction carried out flight control system of stand-alone type. As for the installation of Tu-130 (DP), it did not have its own propulsion system, the power system is on the air supply system, and chemical sources, which produced current.

Also on board there was a cooling system that did not allow overheating thermonuclear charge, were taken into account housing problems that might arise as a result of the kinetic heating during the flight. Before hitting the target machine enters into a dive, and produces an explosion at a given height from the ground. It should be noted that the advantages in the control and guidance to the target in this device was significantly greater than that of strategic missiles.

Development of the project was active for two years, have been involved in this and other research offices. It is possible to use in the design of new materials that could meet the rather complex operating conditions at hypersonic speeds.

Initially, it was made several test models to refine and study quality system, bringing to the required parameters. At this stage, the Design Bureau and assigned the designation Tu-130 (DP). Experienced a series of machines was made up of five drones who practiced and tested.

The first full-scale glider was ready 1960 year, then moved to the equipping and produced docking with launcher. Also finalizing undergone the bow, as it is exposed to the greatest heat during flight. Yet, despite the success in the development of unmanned Tu-130 (DP), all work on the project was suspended by order of Ministers of the USSR. Some parts of the unit were transferred to CB Chelomeya, and often simply disposed of. Yet the achievements of the project have been used in the manufacture of this machine, which was designated as the rocket plane №136 «Star».

Tu-130 (DP). Characteristics:

Modification AP
Wingspan, m 2.80
Aircraft Length m 8.80
Height, m 2.20
Wing area, m2  
Weight, kg 2050
The maximum speed M 10
Flight distance, km 4000


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