Tactics use of live helicopters.
The first massive use of helicopters took place during the Korean War. Today, not a single military conflict can not do without the participation of helicopters. Initially they carried out air reconnaissance function, adjustment of artillery and transport, the experience of the Vietnam War showed that the helicopters are perfectly suited for landing operations and the implementation of direct fire support from the air. This in turn led to a special class of helicopter gunships, which were developed and used as the NATO troops and the Soviet army.
The tactic of fighting against helicopters.
During the Arab-Israeli conflict with the anti-tank helicopters showed high effectiveness against armored vehicles. For the theory and practice of military helicopters is very important the experience gained during the military actions in Afghanistan. The volume of work performed rotorcraft in this war, enormous. With helicopters there have been many major amphibious operations. There airmobile troops types, on whose shoulders bear the brunt of the fighting.
Using mujaheds MANPADS "Stinger" has increased the loss of Soviet helicopters. At the same time it changed their tactics and combat use. Attack helicopters began to carry out their tasks at extremely low altitudes, making them invulnerable to enemy missiles. Stuck on the spot tried to avoid, as this machine becomes too easy a target for small arms. Soviet pilots used the tactic of targeting, in which the first group only a fixed target, and the second group attacked its helicopters. In the mountain gorges of attack tactics are used one after the other, and the output of the car or the attack was carried out on a sharp departure height or, alternatively, at low altitudes. Attack helicopters group occurred in a vicious circle, where machines turn dived on the target and opened fire. To protect against air defense systems used by the different elements of the terrain, with the rotary-wing attack aircraft that could hide after he worked on goal.
Initially it was thought that the combat helicopter must independently search and destroy the enemy, but experience has shown that this tactic is only possible with a weak defense. The stronger the means of enemy air defenses, the shorter the life of the helicopter on the battlefield. As a result, he may not have time to attack. The Americans realized this sooner. They have developed a system, which is paired with combat helicopter works unobtrusive reconnaissance helicopter (it may be UAV). Using shelters and electronic intelligence agents, the latter detects and highlights targets for attack helicopter, which can use a guided missile from outside the zone of destruction of enemy air defenses.
In the Soviet Union we were also aware that in the event of a collision with a modern well-equipped army helicopter require a different nature than the Mi-24. The result was a purely combat helicopters Mi-28 and Ka-50. Their modernization continued in our time, improved means of electronic target detection, enhanced armament.
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