Sukhoi Su-22 - Fighter-bomber
Su-22 - Russian fighter, released in the middle of 70-ies widely exported to various "hot spots" of the world. At the time, I had a good flight performance and combat characteristics.
The history of the Su-22
Due to lack of Al-21F3 Soviet leadership had to find his replacement alternative. In 1975 year indication PV Dementieva prototype Su-22, which had the designation P-32M2, turbojets installed P-29BS-300, 11 500 have cravings kgf in afterburner and 8300 kgs - on "maximum". In the early 1975-started production tests of this modification of the aircraft. After the successful completion of the fighter began to be exported under the name of the serial Su-22.
The release of this modification promoted the standardization process of the military aircraft fleet of the USSR, which included front-line planes with foreign engines. For the fighters, which in their design were completed import powerplant also include Mi-23. Eye-catching features of the two models are: a relatively short tail section of the fuselage, otherwise placement and dimensions of the air intakes, which are cooled turbojet units, compared to the Su-17M2. The result of changes in the tail of the Su-22 was the increase in the range of stabilizers and altitude fighter for lifting keel.
Similar to previous upgrades (Su-Su-17M3 17M), this model is also exported. In April 1977 year program of state tests on combat training C-52UK was completed. In 1977-1978 years. 50-22 Su have been exported to Libya, Vietnam, Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Angola, Peru, Romania and Yemen. Equipped with jet engine R29BS-300, modernized state identification system transponder and radio station R-802B. With 1984 years by providing the design of the Su-17M3 AL-21F-3 about a hundred cars were sold in eleven countries.
Improved equipment Sioux 17M4 and use it on various weapons in the export version of the Su-22M4 could be interested in regular buyers of Soviet arms. In the history of serial production of the fighter in a total amount of more than 350 Air Force units received eighteen countries. In various versions of the Su-22 it has been in service in the Soviet Air Force, where shot was just in the middle of 90-ies.
Features design and operation
Su-22 managed to construct as close as possible to the MiG-27 and MiG-23BN. This unification was made possible through the use of a part of the structure of the turbojet engine P-29BS-300, developed by SK Tumanovska and comes at a time from overseas allies of the USSR. The large size of the engine resulted in the expansion of the rear fuselage. Arming the fighter represented missiles X-23 and R-3S. The first prototype of the C-32M2D was built in 1974 year through deep modernization of the Su-17M2. Serial production started in 1976 year. The export version of the Su-22 slightly inferior predecessor in terms of range and speed acceleration. The first copies of the Su-22 were sold to the Air Force of Peru.
For sale while actively producing one more strike aircraft - the Su-20. During the period of 1973 1990 they were created around 700-20 machines Su and Su-22 in various versions. Among the buyers of the product of Soviet aircraft can count as much as the world 18 States. These in particular are Afghanistan, Angola, Algeria, Vietnam, Hungary, Bulgaria, Iraq, Egypt, Yemen, Syria, Poland, Libya, Czechoslovakia.
By resale 90-ies from Egypt Su-22 received as China, the USA and Germany. Sortie Su-22 held in Chad (1980) and Lebanon (1982 city). Su-20 with Su-22 actively took part in the Afghan war with the Soviet Union. Also fighters were involved in the Iran-Iraq war. In Yemen during the civil war modification 22M Sioux were armed with both sides. At the beginning of the year 1995 with these Peruvian Air Force aircraft attacked Ecuadorian position on the border between the two states. Those fighters who were not able to reach foreign customers, were military service in the Soviet Air Force.
C-32M2D - the first prototype of the Su-22.
Su-22 - export version of the Su-17M2. Opposed to the basic engine P-29B-300. First flown in January 1975 was serially produced in 1976-1980 years.
Sioux 22M - export version of the Su-17M3, unlike which was powered by a P-29BS-300, simplified set of weapons and avionics. Serial production dates back to 1977-1981 years. The buyers were Iraq, Afghanistan, Peru, Libya, Yemen and Syria.
Sioux 22M3 - a modified version of the Su-22M, which established a complete set of avionics of Su-17M3. Twelve aircraft were manufactured in 1981-1982 years. and sold in Hungary.
Sioux 22M3R - reconnaissance version, is based on the Su-22M3.
Sioux 22M4 - export version of the Su-17M4. As part of the power plant had the engine AL-21F-3. Production time - 1984 - 1990 years.
Sioux 22R - scout, designed on the basis of the Su-22.
Sioux 22M4R - reconnaissance version of the Su-22M4.
Sioux 22UM - combat training version of the fighter made its first flight at the end of the year 1979. I made with 1979 1982 for years.
Sioux 22UM3 - training aircraft, the Su-analogue 22UM that shipped abroad. Total was released 4 machines Hungary 1981-1982 years.
Sioux 22UM3K - advanced Su-22UM who had to equip the engine AL-21F-3 and produced in 1983-1985 years.
Fighter-bomber Su-22, created by a team of Sukhoi Design Bureau in 1970-1980 years. He stood by the Soviet Air Force.
In the years of its operation it meets all the requirements of the aircraft of this class: high speed flight, perfect avionics, powerful weapons.
Powerplant: AL-21F-3 76,5 kN thrust without afterburner inclusion, 110 kN - with afterburner.
The aircraft was armed with two guns, HP-30 30 mm caliber. Weight of rocket and bomb load was 4000 kg. The plane had a variable geometry wing.
The performance characteristics of the Su-22
Wingspan, m 10,00-14,00
Length, m 17,00
Height, m 4,70
Wing area, m2 34,45
Empty weight, kg 10 800
Launch weight, kg 16300
Launch weight, max., Kg 20 000
Flight speed at the ground, km / h ... 1350
Speed flightheight km / h 2300
The ceiling, 17000 m
Flight range, km 2500
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