Trial. Case "The Aviator."
In 1946 was held a hearing on the case of the so-called pilots. Were convicted: Air Force chief, Air Chief Marshal AA Novikov - 5 years in prison, the People's Commissar of Aviation Industry AI Shakhurin - 7 years, a member of the Military Council of the Air Force, Colonel-General AK Repin - 6 years, Head Main Department of the Air Force orders, Lieutenant-General N. Seleznev - 6 years, heads of departments of the Central Office of the CPSU (b) A. Budnikov and GM Grigorian - 2 years each.
Naturally, these names have disappeared a long time from the military, historical and other literature. In May 1953, after Stalin's death, it's "The Aviator" was revised and the verdict was canceled "for lack of evidence."
In 2002 was Main Military Prosecutor's Office has recognized all prisoners in 1946, the "Victims of political repression", on them and their families to the full extent the provisions of the RF Law "On the Rehabilitation of Victims of Political Repression." The words "political trials", "victims of political repression" and the like appear whenever it comes to the rehabilitation of convicts during the reign of Ivan AT. Stalin. In this case, the "policy" was not. Commander, People's Commissar, the chief engineer did a great job and the state, unfortunately, mistakes and miscalculations on their job sites.
Those endowed with more power and more power, committed grave mistakes, and these mistakes were sometimes fatal, because it was often the fate of the country. To blame only one I. AT. Stalin can not. To each his own. Different versions of "explaining" the arrest of Marshal A. A. Novikov, can not be considered objective, true and correct in historical terms. One from A. A. Novikov demanded indictments incriminate Marshal TO. Zhukov in order to attract the latter to justice. Indeed, Marshal A. Novikov gave a sharply negative characteristics Marshal G. Zhukov, but in this case, they were given "historical" explanations - A. Novikov forced to do so.
The main allegations in the lawsuit
Another version of the arrest of Marshal A. Novikov did not stand any criticism - "planted Marshal son peoples leader, General Vasily Stalin." Words by A. A. Novikov, "Vaska wanted to advance," and other causes bitterness and bewilderment. On such nonsense could not pay attention, if it was not part of the national history. Military officer V. AND. Stalin, of course, after his father's death was attributed to a lot of bad things. As a result, he was sentenced to eight years in prison. And this trial is called "political". Were there many policies that V. AND. Stalin, for example, constantly drunk and physically short work with his subordinates? In 1998 was pilots - Heroes of the Soviet Union - sent a letter to the Prosecutor General with a request for the rehabilitation B. AND. Stalin. The letter, of course, played a role. The sentence was revised.
Undoubtedly, slanderous accusations against V. Stalin should be removed even during the trial. But in 1953, the hour has not yet come "h" to tell the truth, it was not beneficial to their well-being, promotion, etc. Another thing -.. The beginning of the third millennium-3.
Name V. Stalin is also associated with other arrests (except AA Novikov): YV Smushkevich, PV Rychagova, PF Zhigareva.
From prison inmate Vasiliev (aka VI Stalin) wrote to the Central Committee Presidium: "On Smushkevich, levers
ve and the BBC if I said something to his father, he would not listen, t. To. In that time, I just started to serve in the Air Force, I knew little and earn the attention of my opinion of the Air Force Commander and his swing could not " .
With regard to Marshal PF Zhi- garev VI Stalin also justified: "This is wrong! I was at this time was not in Moscow, and the reasons for removal Zhigareva I learned from Vlasik and Poskrebysheva. That's what they were told: "Zhigarev completely drunk was the challenge in ICT and to Comrade Stalin was removed from his job for drunkenness during combat." ".
Marshal AA Novikov shot from office, of course, not VI Stalin.
AT. AND. Stalin had "justified" and on that occasion: "I do not know what the charges brought against Novikov when removing it from the position of Air Force Commander, as I was at this time in Germany. But if on the removal and arrest of A. Novikov influenced by my father to report our technique (Yak-9 with motor M-107) and German technology, the Novikov himself to blame. He knew before I did. After all, report this was his duty as Commander in Chief Air Force. " The main allegations in the lawsuit "business aviators" - release, acceptance and direction in the battle of the aircraft with defects. Marshall A. A. Novikov did not deny. From a letter to I. AT. Stalin: "Apart from the fact that I am directly responsible for the reception into service of aircraft parts substandard aircraft and engines, produced aviation industry, I was the commander of the air force had about all of this report to you, but that I did not do, hide from your anti-state laxity of a number of responsible workers of the Air Force, that many were engaged in their own personal well-being more than a state matter, that some executives of the irresponsible attitude to work ... All this happened because I myself was in a swamp of crime associated with the reception of the Air Force of defective aircraft equipment. "
A similar recognition and made Colonel-General N. Shimanov - Member of the Military Council of the Air Force, "Shakhurin create the appearance that the aviation industry has been working for the program, and get a reward. Rather than report to the People's Commissar of Defense, that the planes fall apart in the air, we were sitting at meetings and wrote charts to eliminate defects on the aircraft. Novikov and Repin persecuted individuals who signaled that the army receives unfit aircraft. Thus, for example, suffered Colonel Katz. "
The verdict of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR was, in particular, the point about what has taken place against the state practice of pulling into service during the war and in the postwar period, aircraft and motors with a large marriage and serious structural and production subquality, hiding all this from the government . And so it was in reality: the case of failure of aircraft, accidents, disasters, and their number is very large. According to official figures, with 1942 of February 1946 of in the Air Force was more than 45000 absenteeism aircraft combat missions, 756 305 accidents and disasters. It is only non-combat losses.
In these figures to argue that "the trial airmen" was a political - is absurd.
The fact that the words mean, "summed up the technique" a whole generation of aviators know - war and post-war period. The term "flying coffin", so widely used in aviation publications - our invention. By the number of non-combat losses of aircraft Soviet Union occupied, of course, the first place in the world.
Difficult fate was at the Yak-9. Deputy People's Commissar of Aviation Industry Yakovlev tried to prematurely launch its fighter production in large series and put it in the combat units. The plane had a lot of flaws, but he continued to come to the front. Extremely weak spot was its engine VC-107A.
The article SV Gribanova (1998 in the city) on the basis of documents ceased to be secret, it is written:
"Yak-9 with engine VC-107 A (and all subsequent development Klimovsk KB engine in question, began to be called by the initials of the chief designer - VC) was only factory tests - as a prototype, and the first 16 aircraft issued by the № 61, it proved to be totally unsuitable for combat use.
No better "business aviation" and the plant № 301. There went a member of the Military Council of the Air Force Colonel-General Shimanov and head of the main orders Air Force Lieutenant General aviation engineering service Seleznev. The factory full drove the unfinished "yak". Military representatives defective aircraft. The combat order sent about 4000 «flying coffins".
To remedy the difficult situation that emerged with engine M-107, to help Klimov were sent to the best specialists:
AA Mikulin, AD Shvetsov, the staff of the Central Institute of Aviation Engineering VM Yakovlev and RS Kinososhvili.
This history of aviation in the world never had. The plane did not pass state tests, it produced a series of large, but to fight it was difficult. The problem with the aircraft A. C. Yakovlev was so serious that in August of 1945 adopted a resolution at the highest level "On the Yak-9 with engine VC-107 A" in this document was reprimanded Marshal A. A. Novikov. The removal from office was preceded by the work of the state commission for the audit of the Air Force and its commander in chief (March, 1946 g). The commission was very professional, had to solve the problem, of course, not a political one.
The fate of Marshal AA Novikov decided to commission members: Malenkov, Zhukov, Vasilevsky, Shtemenko, IV Shikin, S. Rudenko, Konstantin Vershinin, VA Sudets.
If we accept the absurd version that "the case of pilots" began after reports V. Stalin to his father about the sorry state of Soviet aircraft, and in this case we speak of a "political" trial simply unworthy.
During the first year after the war in the division commanded by V. Stalin, it was made repair of aircraft engines 1833, 112 fighters and emergency repairs 4439 small. One division - three regiments - 120140 aircraft. "
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation