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Su-35
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Su-35

Su-35. A photo. History. Characteristics.

 

In 2005, the engineers of OKB Sukhoi decided to continue the development of the Su-35 (T 10BM), the name of the serial Su-35S. This fighter was supposed to be deeply modernized supermaneuverability multifunctional model of the fourth generation. The superiority of the aircraft of the same class is determined by the presence of a fifth-generation fighter technology. The first flight took place in 2008 year in February.

Su-35 story

New implementations in the plane:

  1. modernized airframe with a fortified design (car share increased to 6000 30 hours or years);

  2. no mechanical wire tail (adjustable via wire control);

  3. installed new LCP-35 (simultaneously performs the functions of several systems);

  4. an optional feature - active safety.

 

Since the base for the new aircraft was Su-27, much of it was used on the new fighter. But at the same time, serious work was carried out to modernize the aircraft. In the design of Su-35 there is no traditional for the base upper brake plate, the front support is two-wheeled, and the chassis has been significantly strengthened due to the increased takeoff weight. On the plane there is no PGO, the tail part is shortened. Significantly reduced RL (visibility) due to a reduced area of ​​vertical tail. Compact avionics helps reduce the volume of the slaughtered compartment. The cockpit lantern has changed.

Su-35 razarabotka

Upgrading the design helped to increase the amount of fuel to 20%. two fuel tanks on 1800 l also additionally installed. They are suspended on pokrylevye point. Additionally, for many-time Activity is set to air refueling system "hose-cone". But the main difference from the basic model is considered to be the installation of new engines AL-41F1S NPO "Saturn" development.

From the structural point of view, these engines are in-depth development of the series AL-31F. Different from base to new, increased by 3% in diameter fan, newer turbines of low and high pressure, improved digital control system. There used nozzle with thrust vector control. The result is increased engine thrust - to 16%.

Among other things, the Su-35 auxiliary gas turbine generator set-propulsion VGTD TA14-130-35 105 kW with power. It provides the condensing compartment and the cabin, thus supplying them with electric power.

The basis of integrated avionics is an information management system - MIS. It provides a functional, logical, informational and program linking the main equipment in the whole integrated system. It was she who provides the interface between the equipment and the crew. The composition of the ISC: computer conversion means and switching, display system - the concept of "glass cockpit."

Su-35 deck

Two multifunctional color LCD IFI 35-type panels with the presence of a display processor and display control, wide-angle light coloratura type on glass background IKSH-1M are information-control field of the cockpit Su-35. Indicators MFI-35 15 inches diagonal and a resolution of x 1400 1050 pixels are used as data reception, processing and display for the pilot. MW mode includes a graphic, alphanumeric and symbolic display of information.

Multi-function remote control simplifies the issuance of work necessary tasks and information. Indicator Kish 1M used as the rear side of the cockpit observer, the field of view x 20 30. Thus, the Su-35 control of all systems, avionics and armament carried by HOTAS concept.

Armament control is done through the radar with an aerial phased array "Irbis-E". It was developed in JSC Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Engineering named after V.V. Tikhomirov. " "Irbis-E" became a continuation of the "Bars" radar station, which was used on the previously created Su-30MKM and Su-30MKI. This radar allows you to identify and escort about 30 air targets and simultaneously attack 8 from them. The selection of ground targets varies in the range of four units, but subject to full control of the airspace. Accordingly, "Irbis" differs from the base with an extended band of operating frequencies, increased detection and tracking zone, increased range and improved noise immunity.

Su-35 bottom

In addition to the RCS for arms control in the aircraft meets the RL-35 - IRSTS station. It combines teplopelengator, TV channel and laser rangefinder-pointer. And for special operations in the "air-surface" on the Su-35 set optoelectronic container. It posted a laser-television sighting station that can detect, to accompany, to define and implement a range of laser illumination of the target.

The aircraft uses 10 hardpoints for rockets and even 2 node involved as a place of accommodation of EW. Armament Su-35 8 consists of missiles "air-to-air" P-27ER1 designed for medium-range target engagement. The R-27EP1 and P-27ET1 placed on 4 pieces. RVV-AE - 12 pieces P-73E - 6 missiles melee.

Su-35 scheme

The air-to-surface missiles include 6 tactical missiles X-31A (in some versions X-29L), 6 anti-radar and anti-ship missiles X-31P and X-31 and 5 updated X-59M long-range anti-submarine missiles. Among the novelties of the weaponry are the anti-missile missiles of the extended range of flight X-58UCHE, 3 missiles of the "Club" system and 1 one heavy anti-ship long-range missile "Yakhont". Among the additional weapons used are adjustable KAB-500Kr (OD) bombs with a television-type homing, new KAB-500S-E satellite guidance and three KAB-1500Kr (sometimes KAB-1500L) bombs with television guidance. The mass of combat arms reaches 8000 kg - 12 points of external suspension.

The history of the Su-35 prototype

Production began on KnAAPO in 2006 year. The first prototype collected in a year, after which he began flight tests. The first flight of the Su-35 2008 made in February of the year, the pilot - S. Bogdan. The second and third prototypes began to gather in the same year. In 2020 160 year was planned to create in this class of aircraft. By the time the second constructed a prototype that flew for the first time in October of the same year. Exactly one year later it was the announcement of the complete third model. However, already in October due to engine Su-35 (3-th prototype) emerged with control problems had an accident.

Su-35 side

In recent years, all the flight tests of Su-made 35 400 total flights. On August 15 2012, the first two prototypes were received in GLITs for GSI. Along with them came the first production model of the Su-35S-1.

In 2015 year to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation received 48 fighters. It should be noted the exceptional characteristics of the aircraft:

  1. It surpasses all existing tactical fighter fourth generation Eurofighter 2000 as European and Rafale, and the American F-15, -16 and -18.

  2. Able to compete with fifth-generation aircraft.

  3. It is considered the fastest fighter.

  4. The advantage of the range.

  5. The only aircraft capable of making a pirouette, "pancake» (365-degree turn in the horizontal plane) without losing speed.

 

Su-35 cabin

 

Su-35 characteristics:



Modification Su-35C ( "BM")
wing size, m 14.75
Aircraft Length m 21.95
Height, m 5.92
Wing area, m2 62.20
Weight  
empty aircraft 19000
normal takeoff 25300
maximum take-off 34500
fuel 11500
fuel (two PTB) 14300
engine's type 2 turbofans AL-41F1S
Thrust, kgf  
maximum X 2 8800
afterburner X 2 14500
Maximum speed km / h:  
near the ground 1400 (M = 1.17)
at high altitude 2500 (M = 2.35)
Practical range, km:  
Ferry with PTB 4500
at high altitude without PTB 3600
at low altitude 1580
Rate of climb, m / min 16800
Practical ceiling, m 18000
Max. operation overload 9
Crew 1
Armament: one 30-mm gun GSH-30-1 (150 cartridges).
combat load - 8000 12 kg hardpoints:
URVV - P-27E, F-77, 73-P, RVV-SD, RVV-MD,
8 x P 27ER1, 4-x P and P-27ET1 27EP1,
12 77 x P-RVV-AE, R x 6-73
options:
- 9 x RVV-SD + 2 x RVV-MD;
- 5 x RVV-SD + 2 x RVV-MD + 2's percussion missiles X-31.
URVP: X-31, 25-X, X-29, 38-X, X-58USHKE X-59MK (up to 5 pcs), C-25LD; rockets C-8 types (in units), C-10 (in units) and C-25;
Bomb load: 4-5 x KAB-500Kr, 4-5 x KAB-500S-E,
2-3 x KAB-1500Kr, 2-3 x KAB-1500L or unmanaged
bombs of various calibers

 

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The legendary Su-27 returned to the armed forces of the Russian Federation under a new name - Su-35. This time the plane became faster and got new devices that brought it closer to the 5 generation of fighters. I believe that this aircraft poses the greatest threat to enemy aircraft. Capable of climbing to a high altitude, the fighter is able to strike at the enemy from above. Not every European or American Air Force aircraft can take off to an altitude of up to 20 thousand meters and carry ammunition commensurate with the armament of the 35 Sukhoi. It is also worth noting the radius of flight without refueling. With the help of two powerful engines, the aircraft is capable of overcoming long distances at supersonic speeds. The closest competitor of the Russian fighter - F35 - for example, can fly a distance of 2525 km, and "Dry" has the power to throw at 3600 km. Another advantage of Su-35 is the ability to quickly gain altitude, which allows to achieve air supremacy, and the possibility of firing long-range missiles turns a fighter into a hunter that is capable of destroying a target without getting into its zone of visibility. Possessing such qualities, the aircraft is able to perfectly protect the airspace of Russia.

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