Su-35. A photo. History. Characteristics.
In 2005, the engineers of OKB Sukhoi decided to continue the development of the Su-35 (T 10BM), the name of the serial Su-35S. This fighter was supposed to be deeply modernized supermaneuverability multifunctional model of the fourth generation. The superiority of the aircraft of the same class is determined by the presence of a fifth-generation fighter technology. The first flight took place in 2008 year in February.
New implementations in the plane:
modernized airframe with a fortified design (car share increased to 6000 30 hours or years);
no mechanical wire tail (adjustable via wire control);
installed new LCP-35 (simultaneously performs the functions of several systems);
an optional feature - active safety.
As the basis for the new aircraft was Su-27, much of it has been applied on the new fighter. At the same time, major modernization work on aircraft have been conducted. The design of the Su-35 no traditional base for the upper speed brake, the front two-wheeled support, and the chassis has been significantly strengthened due to increased take-off weight. The aircraft is not canards, tail section is shortened. Significantly reduced radar (visibility) due to the reduced area of the vertical stabilizer. Compact Avionics helps reduce zakabinnogo compartment volume. I changed the canopy.
Upgrading the design helped to increase the amount of fuel to 20%. two fuel tanks on 1800 l also additionally installed. They are suspended on pokrylevye point. Additionally, for many-time Activity is set to air refueling system "hose-cone". But the main difference from the basic model is considered to be the installation of new engines AL-41F1S NPO "Saturn" development.
From the structural point of view, these engines are in-depth development of the series AL-31F. Different from base to new, increased by 3% in diameter fan, newer turbines of low and high pressure, improved digital control system. There used nozzle with thrust vector control. The result is increased engine thrust - to 16%.
Among other things, the Su-35 auxiliary gas turbine generator set-propulsion VGTD TA14-130-35 105 kW with power. It provides the condensing compartment and the cabin, thus supplying them with electric power.
The basis of integrated avionics is an information management system - MIS. It provides a functional, logical, informational and program linking the main equipment in the whole integrated system. It was she who provides the interface between the equipment and the crew. The composition of the ISC: computer conversion means and switching, display system - the concept of "glass cockpit."
Two multifunctional color LCD IFI 35-type panels with the presence of a display processor and display control, wide-angle light coloratura type on glass background IKSH-1M are information-control field of the cockpit Su-35. Indicators MFI-35 15 inches diagonal and a resolution of x 1400 1050 pixels are used as data reception, processing and display for the pilot. MW mode includes a graphic, alphanumeric and symbolic display of information.
Multi-function remote control simplifies the issuance of work necessary tasks and information. Indicator Kish 1M used as the rear side of the cockpit observer, the field of view x 20 30. Thus, the Su-35 control of all systems, avionics and armament carried by HOTAS concept.
weapons management is done through the RCS with a phased array antenna "Irbis-E." Its developed by JSC "Scientific Research Institute of Instrument name VV Tikhomirov. " "Irbis-E" was a continuation of RCS "Bars", which was used in the previously created 30MKM Su-Su-30MKI. This RCS allows you to identify and accompany about 30 airborne targets and simultaneously attack 8 of them. Breeding ground targets varies in the range of four units, but with the full control of the airspace. Accordingly, "Irbis" is different from the base of the extended operating frequency band, the increased area of detection and tracking, increased range and improved noise immunity.
In addition to the RCS for arms control in the aircraft meets the RL-35 - IRSTS station. It combines teplopelengator, TV channel and laser rangefinder-pointer. And for special operations in the "air-surface" on the Su-35 set optoelectronic container. It posted a laser-television sighting station that can detect, to accompany, to define and implement a range of laser illumination of the target.
The aircraft uses 10 hardpoints for rockets and even 2 node involved as a place of accommodation of EW. Armament Su-35 8 consists of missiles "air-to-air" P-27ER1 designed for medium-range target engagement. The R-27EP1 and P-27ET1 placed on 4 pieces. RVV-AE - 12 pieces P-73E - 6 missiles melee.
To missiles "air-to-surface" are 6 tactical missiles X-31A (in some X-29L modifications), 6 antiradiation and anti-ship missiles and X-31P X 31A 5 and updated anti-missile X-59MK the distal radius. Among the novelties of weapons used protivolokatsionnye increased flight range missiles X-58USHE, 3 "Club" system of missiles and 1 one heavy anti-ship missiles with extended range "Yakhont". Among the weapons used additional responsive bombs KAB-500Kr (OD) with a homing-type television, the new CC-E-500S satellite guidance and three bombs KAB-1500Kr (sometimes KAB-1500L) with TV-guided. combat arms Weight kg reaches 8000 - 12 external suspension points.
The history of the Su-35 prototype
Production began on KnAAPO in 2006 year. The first prototype collected in a year, after which he began flight tests. The first flight of the Su-35 2008 made in February of the year, the pilot - S. Bogdan. The second and third prototypes began to gather in the same year. In 2020 160 year was planned to create in this class of aircraft. By the time the second constructed a prototype that flew for the first time in October of the same year. Exactly one year later it was the announcement of the complete third model. However, already in October due to engine Su-35 (3-th prototype) emerged with control problems had an accident.
In recent years, all the flight tests of Su-made 35 400 total flights. On August 15 2012, the first two prototypes were received in GLITs for GSI. Along with them came the first production model of the Su-35S-1.
In 2015 year to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation received 48 fighters. It should be noted the exceptional characteristics of the aircraft:
It surpasses all existing tactical fighter fourth generation Eurofighter 2000 as European and Rafale, and the American F-15, -16 and -18.
Able to compete with fifth-generation aircraft.
It is considered the fastest fighter.
The advantage of the range.
The only aircraft capable of making a pirouette, "pancake» (365-degree turn in the horizontal plane) without losing speed.
|Modification||Su-35C ( "BM")|
|wing size, m||14.75|
|Aircraft Length m||21.95|
|Wing area, m2||62.20|
|fuel (two PTB)||14300|
|engine's type||2 turbofans AL-41F1S|
|maximum||X 2 8800|
|afterburner||X 2 14500|
|Maximum speed km / h:|
|near the ground||1400 (M = 1.17)|
|at high altitude||2500 (M = 2.35)|
|Practical range, km:|
|Ferry with PTB||4500|
|at high altitude without PTB||3600|
|at low altitude||1580|
|Rate of climb, m / min||16800|
|Practical ceiling, m||18000|
|Max. operation overload||9|
|Armament:||one 30-mm gun GSH-30-1 (150 cartridges).|
|combat load - 8000 12 kg hardpoints:|
|URVV - P-27E, F-77, 73-P, RVV-SD, RVV-MD,|
|8 x P 27ER1, 4-x P and P-27ET1 27EP1,|
|12 77 x P-RVV-AE, R x 6-73|
|- 9 x RVV-SD + 2 x RVV-MD;|
|- 5 x RVV-SD + 2 x RVV-MD + 2's percussion missiles X-31.|
|URVP: X-31, 25-X, X-29, 38-X, X-58USHKE X-59MK (up to 5 pcs), C-25LD; rockets C-8 types (in units), C-10 (in units) and C-25;|
|Bomb load: 4-5 x KAB-500Kr, 4-5 x KAB-500S-E,|
|2-3 x KAB-1500Kr, 2-3 x KAB-1500L or unmanaged|
|bombs of various calibers|
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