Bomber Su-34. A photo. History. Characteristics.
Su-34 is a bomber, which was designed in the Sukhoi Design Bureau. The development of this device was launched back in 80-ies of the last century. Chief designer of the project was assigned an experienced RG Martirosov, but it should also be noted MP Designer Simon, who has made great efforts to build the aircraft.
With regard to the project Su-34, in the design office of this machine is designated as T-10V. The basis of this unit is intended to put the Su-27UB. According to the original project was planned to upgrade a large number of Su-27 aircraft, which eventually would lead to the emergence of a new modification.
Brief history of the emergence and testing of the Su-34
Designing a new car called the Su-34 it was completed at the beginning of the year 1990. After development began prototyping. The new car was created by alteration of training aircraft Su-27UB. It was equipped with all the equipment and parts of the design that the designers have thought. This work was carried out on aircraft plant Dry, workers replaced the bow, nacelle and air intakes.
For the first time a converted machine to carry out his mission in the spring of the year 1991. Fighter-bomber Su-39 model was fully prepared winter 93 years. A year later, this car was presented to the public in Paris air show. The plans of manufacturers clearly seen the idea of selling it on the world market, as at the international exhibitions she has an English abbreviation. Some machines are painted in colors of the sea, allowing you to use them over the waters and stir them on aircraft carriers.
Features Machine Su-34
In the design of the Su-39 the whole experience in the design of aircraft Sukhoi was taken into account, which allowed achieve such results. The cockpit is made as a monolithic armored capsule. In addition to the cabin, equipped with armor all vital systems and units, which increases the survivability of the machine. All aircraft armor has a mass almost 1,5 tons. To improve the survivability of aircraft equipped with active protection systems, which are the same as in the Su-27.
To more effectively combat missions all processes operate a pilot and his assistant navigator. The cockpit quite comfortable and spacious, it can even become a full-length. In addition, the aircraft is equipped with a toilet and a special wardrobe for heating food. The cockpit is able to maintain a healthy microclimate, which allows flight at an altitude of 10 kilometers without the use of oxygen masks. All these systems are accompanied by the best performance car drivers, even during long flights, which can reach 10 hours.
The Su-34 was created to defeat both terrestrial and aquatic enemy objects. Furthermore, it is capable of hitting targets moving even of small size. As for aerial targets, the aircraft has the ability to destroy air targets at any time of the day or night in all weather conditions.
Program development and improvement of the Su-34 is the most promising, since the aircraft has excellent flight and tactical characteristics.
Design features bomber Su-34
This machine is designed as a longitudinal triplane, which has an integrated arrangement. Wings apparatus involve a machine housing for an integrated circuit. They have a trapezoidal shape, and the front edge of arrowhead shape. The tail of the plane is almost the same as in the previous version.
The cabin has room for a pilot and a navigator, it is completely sealed and armored. The cabin has heating and air conditioning. For the best interaction between the pilots of their place nearby. Place the pilot set the left and navigator sitting on the right side on the board. To get into the cockpit, pilots climb through the gap to the front chassis on a special fold-up ladder.
The chassis is made of the aircraft on the type of cart and the wheels are located tandem method that improves the quality of the take-off from airfields that are ill-prepared. The front landing gear is controlled and is equipped with two wheels. All landing gear retracted when flying in the niche. Rear rack machines are equipped with braking systems.
The power plant of the aircraft is represented by two turbojet engines types, which are equipped with two reheat chamber. Engines such as AL-31, which are installed on the Su-34, develop capacity to 14 000 kg.
The fuel system is presented in this plane three tanks in the middle of the fuselage: one in the middle of center, and two more tanks placed in the wing panel. Fuel pumps, which are equipped with a fuel system that supplies fuel to the engine, regardless of the location of the machine in the air. On hauls can install additional overhead bins, which if necessary can be reset during the flight. With regard to the fuel system and the length of the flight, then there should be noted the fact that the aircraft is equipped with a refueling system in the air. Refuelling can be performed with similar aircraft such as Su-34 or with the type of tankers IL-78.
The aircraft is equipped with the latest navigation system integrated, which allows you to communicate with the satellite. the machine has a multi-CDS system for easier control. She is able to independently analyze congestion and angles of attack, and also carries out management of CHR and for all that effectively dampens all vibrations. The security system is so high-quality that can automatically avoid collisions with other objects or the ground.
To solve the problems of combat aircraft is equipped with the latest generation avionics, it is almost fully automatic. All the system information, which are arranged on the board, arranged in a standalone version.
|Aircraft Length m||22.00|
|Takeoff weight, kg|
|engine's type||Turbojet AL-2 35 (AL-31F)|
|Link unforced, kgf||X 2 14000|
|Maximum speed km / h|
|at an altitude of 11000 m||1900 (M = 1.6)|
|at sea level||1400|
|Practical range, km||4500|
|Combat range, km||600 -1130|
|Practical ceiling, m||17000|
|Max. operation overload||7|
|Armament:||one 30-mm gun GSH-301 (180 cartridges)|
|The combat load - 8000 kg (normal - 4000 kg) 12 hardpoints:|
|8 SD air-to-air F-73;|
|6 SD-class air-to-vozduhR 27RE or E;|
|8 SD air-to-air F-77 (RVV-AE);|
|6 SD air-to-surface X-29T / L, X 25ML, C-25LD|
|6 SD air-to-radar Kh-31P or air-to-ship X-31A;|
|1 multipurpose SD Alpha;|
|3 SD air-to-surface X-59M;|
|3 corrected bombs KAB-1500L / TC;|
|6 corrected bombs KAB-500KR / L;|
|3 bombs caliber 1500 kg, 16 bombs caliber 500 kg, 36 bombs caliber 250 kg, 48 bombs caliber 100 kg, 8 containers KMGU, 120 missiles from-8 (in 6 Block B-8M1), 30 missiles from-13 (in 6 Block B-13L) or missiles with 6-25.|
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