Su-30. A photo. History. Characteristics.
Su-30 soda is double fighter of Soviet production. so that the world's first super-maneuverable air apparatus was constructed. It was created on the basis of the Su-27UB to control fighting fighters.
Lead designer of the project Su-30 appointed I. Yemelyanov. The aircraft initially designated as T-10PU-5 and was intended to test the engine. Before you start mass production, significantly strengthened the chassis and center section. Since the distance and flight duration increased, the crew installed sanustroystva. The first production Su-30 took to the skies in April 14 1992 years. Test pilots were assigned to VB Maksimenkov and GE Bulanov. Due to the specific economic problems in the country Su-30 was released only a few copies (8 pieces). But this did not prevent a number of modifications to release.
Modification designed for modern warfare in the air. Since 1993, the Design Bureau began mass develop new projects. In particular, it considered the Su-30MK (modernized, commercial). Equipped with the aircraft avionics had available an updated radar, which could not only detect multiple targets, but also distinguish their location (on land or under water). Install the new optical-electronic sighting and navigation system with a base computer functions. Mounted modernized system of objective control with fixing the tactical situation and systems parameters.
The co-pilot served as navigator-operator. Therefore, in addition to the operation of aircraft, the aircraft is able to take active fighting in the terrestrial and marine environments. Additional upgrade includes the ability to use weapons class "air - ground" at a distance of up to 250 km, simultaneously attack several targets, carry ammunition up to 8000 kg. The car finished the MSA in connection with the use of precision-guided weapons.
Since the aircraft was inside and so is fully equipped to perform many tasks, special equipment has been decided to place the container on the external sling. This includes a system of laser target designation and range finding. Also install the TV used for target detection in the infrared range of influence that allows the aircraft to work equally effectively in both day and night. Installed chairs with ejection K-36DM.
In late November 96 year signed the first contract for the delivery to India of attack aircraft Su-30MKI. some points, particularly in the avionics entered coherent Doppler-radar "Topaz", the ACT-32, complex optical and electronic sighting navigation, multi-function LCD screen, the system OK and radar radiation target receiver "Pastel" have been changed.
Sukhoi and IAPO joint forces modernized aircraft, setting him on the CHR and the new engines AL-31FP. Strengthened chassis Spark wheels. The first prototype of the Su-30MKI was flown in July 9 years. It was piloted by test pilot VY Averyanov.
The most obvious difference is the presence of air device all-weather digital N011M radar. It is this radar system is a gap between the fighters of the fourth and fifth generation. N011M detects a target class "fighter" in the PPP at a distance 350 km and within 200 km promotes a takeover target. Also, this radar system can be used as a mini-AWACS, to accompany both goals and 20 8 from attacking them.
The second experimental machine was designed in early December 97 years. In March of the following year, he took to the sky. Both samples demonstrated at the air parade in Tushino (August 16 1998 year).
In 1997 year contract for the supply of Su-30KI (8 machines) was signed in Moscow, Su-30MK (4 machine) and Mi-17-1V (8 machines). Designation KI means "commercial Indonesian." But the deal was broken due to the outbreak of the crisis situation in the country. The aircraft is a single-seat fighter modified, created on the basis of the Su-27SK. It is characterized by the presence of the fuel consumer to refuel in the air. All other equipment meets the basic model. The aircraft is equipped FBWCS (CDS-10), RPLK-27, sight OEPS-27, the system display SNH-31.
Armament Su-30KI consists of a built-30-millimeter cannon GSH-301, 10 number of hangers on points. Able to use the missile R-27, R-73E, cluster bombs, drop tanks and rockets "air - ground" class. Armament is 8000 kg. The power plant is represented by the AL-31F (thrust each 12 500 kg). Aircraft resold in the Indian Air Force.
The aircraft, an upgraded MiG-of 29SMT and Su-27. The project made by IAPA and the Sukhoi Design Bureau. Thanks to the work of "board 302» (working title) could destroy surface and ground targets with the help of guided missiles, regardless of time of day. Staff indicator was replaced with a multi-colored LCD with MFI-55. The indicator operates in television and graphics modes. The operator's cabin and the pilot mounted MFI-55, which allows the same control plane.
Created on the basis of the Su-30M2, it was assembled in KnAAPO in March 1999 years. It was created in connection with the interest in the renewal of China Air Force. This version differs from the basic lack of PGO and presence engines UHT. The plumage similar to the Su-35 with a difference in the presence of a powerful VHF antenna. The aircraft is also equipped with Class N001VE radar that is able to reach the area of up to 100 km front hemisphere and back 40 km. Integrated new system of conducting combat operations group, the control system homing missiles of various classes. On the wings placed 12 suspension points.
Note the basic weapons Su-30. The available gun GSH-301 (single-barrel) missiles "air - air" F-27 mid-range, four-UR F-73 with CBC short-range missiles, bombs caliber up to 500 kg (in particular FAB-250) KMGU, Nursi and other unguided weapons class "air - surface".
The aircraft is in service with countries such as Russia (3 Su-30, 32 Sioux 30SM, 16 Sioux 30M2, 5 Sioux 30SM), Angola (11 Sioux 30K), Algeria (16 Su-30), Venezuela (24 Sioux 30MK2), Vietnam (4 Sioux 30MK2-In, 48 Sioux 30MK2), India (200 Sioux 30MKI), Indonesia (11 Sioux 30MK / MK2, 5 Sioux 27SK / SCM), Kazakhstan (1 Su- 30MK2), China (73 30MKK-Su, Su-24 30MK2), Malaysia (18 Sioux 30MKM), Uganda (6 Sioux 30MK2), Iraq (10 Sioux 30K).
Su-30, which is the codification of NATO called Flanker-C, - a multi-purpose two-seat fighter, designed on the basis of the Su-27.
This aircraft is the world's first production aircraft, which had a super-maneuverability.
Unlike the basic model
Thanks to the hard work of employees of the Sukhoi, especially engineers, technologists, and assembly and test aggregate-assembly plants, designers, unique in its characteristics, the aircraft was released. Its purpose, as opposed to the single Su-27P, was as follows:
- air superiority;
- further maintenance of aircraft of strategic aviation and single patrols;
- radar guidance, management and review;
- pilot training.
The Su-30 could perform all training and combat missions, which handled the Su-27UB. This Su-30 have additional features such as:
- execution of military operations, which were associated with a very long duration and range;
- more efficient handling fighter group.
Expand the capacity of the upgraded model managed by the installation of the following systems:
- radio range navigation;
- combustible airborne refueling system;
- expanded the number of group activities of control equipment;
- improved life-support system.
The main customer of the Su-30 steel air defense forces, where it was possible to fully test the possibility of long-range patrol and interception. However, in the early 90-ies it became more and more orders falls on missiles of the type "air-ground" and "air-to-ship." Russian design bureaus began to move the design avianositeley of weapons. Sukhoi also took part in it.
The main differences from the Su-27UB
- The Su-30 has a system refuel in flight, which was placed in predkabinnom compartment.
- The equipment consists of a specialized instrument guidance and communication. In the rear cockpit instrument board mounted widescreen TV display, showing tactical situation.
The design of the Su-30
The Su-30 has integrated layout. It comprises several elongated trapezoidal wing, equipped with advanced burly, smooth dock with the fuselage, creating a single body. The power plant includes two bypass turbojet engines AL-31F that are placed in separate nacelles and mounted under the fuselage at a safe distance, which allows them to consolidate under Suspended two missiles. Air intakes and adjustable set under center.
In aircraft design smooth transition chassis fairings was provided in the tail boom, which serves as a platform to install swivel arm horizontal and vertical tail and podbalochnyh ridges.
By plane Su-30 no manual wiring in the longitudinal channels of the control system. It was replaced by a remote control system (CDS). Fighter has a retractable tricycle landing gear, each rack which has one wheel.
The fuselage of the Su-30 possible from a technological point of view, divided into the following components:
- the head portion,
- middle part,
- the tail portion,
- air intakes.
The head part is made on semi-monocoque type, it begins axisymmetric radome radar antenna. Next placed equipment compartment, which features blocks sighting system, cockpit, and zakabinnny podkabinny equipment compartments and niche cleaning the nose landing gear, which has one leaf.
The cabin crew performed on the assembly scheme "tandem". She sealed. It comprises a two-piece lantern design which provides a fixed hood and sash for each pilot, reclining back-up.
A good overview is provided by the huge glass area and slightly offset the copilot's seat up. In the workplace, the pilots set ejection seats K-36DM second series.
The aircraft has a cantilever wing. Sweep angle detachable parts of 42 °. Functions performed aileron and flap deflected flaperons.
Armament, which is equipped with Su-30, can be divided into missile and gunnery. As part of gunnery units was built rapid-automatic single-barreled gun, 30-301 mm GSH. She was placed in the right part of the influx of the wing and had 150 ammunition cartridges.
Rockets were operated aircraft launchers (AAP) and air ejection device (CRA). Hanging missiles performed in 10 points.
The Su-30 could hang six guided missiles "Air-air", with an average range of defeat. They had the naming of the type P-27, with heat (P-27T) or semi-active radar (P-27R) homing. Also on the underwing nodes can be installed close combat missiles of the type P-73.
The characteristics of the Su-30
|Aircraft Length m||21.94|
|Wing area, m2||62.00|
|Weight, kg empty plane||17000|
|Weight, kg normal take-off||24000|
|Weight, kg maximum take-off||33500|
|engine's type||2 DTRD AL-Z1F|
|Thrust, kgf||X 2 12500|
|Maximum speed km / h at an altitude of||2125 (M = 2.0)|
|Maximum speed km / h at sea level||1400|
|Flight distance, kmunrefueled||3500|
|Flight distance, kmone in-flight refueling||5200|
|Practical ceiling, m||19820|
|Armament:||30-mm aircraft cannon GSH-Z01 (150 cartridges)|
|The combat load - 6000 10 kg hardpoints|
|guided missiles R-27, F-73|
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation